Infection Prevention 2016

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung (BZgA), Köln
Publication Date
  • forsa. Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, Berlin (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Medicine
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Health care and medical treatment
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
  • Abstract

    Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of adults and parents towards vaccinations. Topics: 1. Vaccination behaviour and knowledge about vaccination in adulthood: self-assessment of health status; attention to one´s own health; employment status; activity in the medical field with patient contact; chronic disease; assessment of the importance of vaccinations for adults in selected diseases: Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, polio, hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, meningococcus, seasonal influenza (influenza), pneumococcus and (women only) human papilloma viruses (HPV); vaccination in the last five years; advice on vaccination received; adviser (doctor, health insurance company, family, friends and acquaintances, others); knowledge of the protection of third parties through vaccinations because the transmission of diseases is prevented; vaccination causes (vaccination carried out due to professional requirements or regulations, due to travel); remembered vaccinations in the last five years; consent to statements on vaccination (if all are vaccinated, I do not also need to be vaccinated, get me vaccinated to protect others who cannot or do not want to be vaccinated); vaccination against measles as an adult carried out before 2011; importance of the protection of third parties against measles infection for the personal decision to vaccinate against measles as an adult; importance of the elimination of measles in Germany; vaccination against seasonal influenza carried out before 2011; offer of influenza vaccination at the place of work or respectively advise of influenza vaccination (gainfully employed persons only); knowledge of the vaccination recommendation against whooping cough for close contact persons of newborns; knowledge of the vaccination recommendation against measles for adults born after 1970; measles disease in childhood or as adults, or effective protection against infection by measles vaccination in childhood or adolescence; planned measles vaccination next year; reasons for lack of measles vaccination protection; knowledge of repeat and booster vaccinations in adulthood; vaccination pass holder; location of vaccination pass known; vaccination failure; obstacles to vaccination; self-assessment of information on adult vaccination; general interest in information on adult vaccination; use of vaccination counselling in the last two years and counsellor (doctor, pharmacist, medical assistant in the doctor´s office, midwife, travel medical counselling centre, health authority, health insurance fund); vaccination counselling by family doctor or other doctor; specialisation of the counsellor (internal medicine, gynaecologist, paediatrician, travel medicine, company doctor or other speciality); interest in additional information on the subjects: side effects and health risks of vaccinations, mode of action of the vaccine against infection and duration of vaccination protection, vaccination recommendations of the Standing Vaccination Commission (STIKO), new developments of vaccines and reimbursement of costs by health insurance funds or employers; institutions that should provide information on the subject of vaccination (medical practices, hospitals, pharmacies, schools or other educational institutions, state and federal authorities (e.g. BZgA), pharmaceutical manufacturers, health authorities, health insurance companies); preferred sources of information on vaccinations in childhood and adulthood (Internet, personal discussions with a doctor or a medical specialist (e.g. medical assistant or midwife), information brochures or leaflets, newspapers or magazines, television programmes, radio, information events in schools or kindergartens, conversations with family members or friends, information from state and federal authorities, pharmaceutical manufacturers, health authorities and health insurance companies as well as social media (e.g. social networks, forums, blogs, YouTube); website; evaluation of this website as helpful; knowledge of the BZgA media for vaccination clarification (´Wir kommen der Grippe zuvor´, ´Deutschland sucht den Impfpass´, ´Impfung gegen Masern, Mumps und Röteln´-- advertising success control); general attitude towards vaccination; approval of various statements on vaccination (complete confidence in the safety of vaccinations, confidence in decisions by the authorities on the availability of vaccinations in the public interest, everyday stress as an obstacle to vaccination, the need to obtain expensive vaccinations, careful consideration of the benefits and risks when considering vaccinations, a full understanding of vaccination as an important decision criterion for or against vaccination, a feeling of being threatened by diseases that can be prevented with vaccinations, unnecessary vaccinations due to the low incidence of infectious diseases). 2. Vaccination behaviour and knowledge of parents about vaccination in childhood: parent of one or more children between 0 and 13 years of age in the same household; accompanying person during the child´s visits to the doctor; age and sex of the child; frequency of medical treatment of the child in a doctor´s office or hospital; assessment of the child´s state of health; specific doctor´s office for the treatment of the child; paediatrician, general practitioner or other doctor; specialisation of this specialist; paediatrician or general practitioner is also a doctor for alternative medicine or Naturopathy; regular visits to a homeopath; chronic diseases of the child: asthma, neurodermatitis, epilepsy, diabetes, others (open); regular check of the completeness of the recommended vaccinations; use of all possible early detection examinations for children (U1 to U9) and adolescents (J1); mention of the respective early detection examinations used; regular check of the completeness of the recommended vaccinations as part of the early detection examination; indication by the doctor of the child´s next vaccination; personal vaccination calendar for the child with vaccination appointments; information on recommended vaccinations by posters, leaflets or brochures in the doctor´s office; vaccination reminder by the doctor; type of vaccination reminder; information talk with the treating doctor before the last vaccination; evaluation of this information talk (clarification of important questions and concerns regarding the vaccination, sufficient justification for the recommended vaccination, sufficient time taken); request for regular vaccination reminders by the doctor or from a vaccination app on the smartphone; reminded vaccinations (tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, hib, polio, hepatitis B, pneumococcus, rotavirus, meningococcus, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, if child is a girl: cervical cancer -HPV); 6-fold vaccination received; rejection of simultaneous vaccination against six different pathogens; adherence to recommended vaccination times or deliberate later performance of vaccinations; vaccination obstacles; knowledge of vaccination recommendation against cervical cancer (HPV); importance of protection against selected infectious diseases and assessment of the danger of these diseases (risk perception); vaccination of the child against seasonal influenza in the last autumn-winter season; assessment of the importance of measles vaccination; knowledge of compulsory vaccination and knowledge of legal innovations within the framework of the prevention law; assessment of the importance of protection against infectious diseases; assessment of the side effects of vaccinations: frequency of side effects that are none or no the need for medical treatment and permanent damage to health; knowledge of regulations (law to strengthen health promotion and prevention): written proof of vaccination counselling at the first admission of the child, exclusion of non-vaccinated children from the institution; examination of the vaccination protection during all health examinations; importance of the protection of the child against infectious diseases; frequency of side effects of vaccinations which quickly subside without medical help, which require medical treatment or which lead to permanent health damage; vaccination against childhood diseases as a reason for the increase in allergies in children; childhood illness that has been experienced is good for childhood development; self-assessment of information about vaccinations in childhood; preferred sources of information on childhood vaccinations (Internet, personal consultation with a doctor or with a medical specialist, information brochures or leaflets, discussions with other parents); preferred source of information; interest in further information; knowledge of BZgA media for vaccination education (leaflet ´Impfen. Sicherer Schutz gegen Infektionskrankheiten´). Respondents belonging to a risk group (indication group) (chronically ill and/or 60plus and/or medical staff) were asked: knowledge of the recommended vaccination schedule for effective influenza protection; regular vaccination against seasonal influenza; reasons for regular influenza vaccination (impediments to vaccination); planned influenza vaccination in the next autumn/winter season; knowledge of the recommended vaccination against influenza for medical staff, the over-60s and the chronically ill; knowledge of the recommended vaccination against pneumococcus for the over-60s. Only for women up to 45 years of age: existing pregnancy; desire to have children as a reason for vaccination against rubella, measles, whooping cough, flu, chickenpox; knowledge of vaccination recommendation against flu for pregnant women; pregnancy as a reason for not carrying out vaccination. Demography: sex and age (year of birth) of the interviewee; highest school or university degree, aspired school degree (if student); marital status; living with a partner; employment status and highest school or university degree of the partner; in each case for the interviewee, his partner and the 0-13-year-old child was asked: Country of birth, nationality and year of move to Germany and mother tongue German; country of birth and nationality of parents (migration background); household size; number of children in the household under 18 years and under 16 years; age of children from 18 years and over 16 years (year of birth); frequency of Internet use. Additionally coded was: number of landline telephone numbers in the household; number of private mobile telephone numbers; willingness to participate in a survey again; network type; sample (representative survey or increase); interview number; official municipality key; federal state; municipality size (number of inhabitants); BIK region; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2016-07-26 / 2016-09-18
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German-speaking persons aged 16 to 85 in private households (with sufficient German language skills)
Probability: Multistage; Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Multistage Sample Oversampling (disproportional sampling) of a) females aged 16 to 25 years (n=500), b) pregnant women (n=502) aged 16 to 45 years, and c) mothers and fathers of children aged 0 to 13 years (n = 1.092). The group of pregnant women was screened as part of the daily representative telephone omnibus survey forsa.omniTel®.4. In the subgroup of women aged 16 to 45, it was determined whether they were currently pregnant and willing to participate in another survey. The group of parents of 0 to 13 year old children was also screened as part of the daily representative telephone omnibus by forsa.
Collection Mode
  • Telephone interview: CATI
  • Telephone interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 5012
    Number of Variables: 628
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5524 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • BZgA (Type: FDZ)
  • Horstkötter, Nina; Müller, Ute; Ommen, Oliver; Platte, Anna; Reckendrees, Britta und Stander, Volker: Einstellungen, Wissen und Verhalten von Erwachsenen und Eltern gegenüber Impfungen - Ergebnisse der Repräsentativbefragung 2016 zum Infektionsschutz.BZgA-Forschungsbericht. Köln: Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung 2017

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 14 | Registration Date: 2019-03-21