Willingness to Participate in Passive Mobile Data Collection

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Keusch, Florian (Universität Mannheim)
Publication Date
  • Respondi, Köln (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • University, Research, the Sciences
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Information and communication
    • Science and technology
  • Abstract

    The goal of this study is to measure willingness to participate in passive mobile data collection among German smartphone owners. The data come from a two-wave web survey among German smartphone users 18 years and older who were recruited from a German nonprobability online panel. In December 2016, 2,623 participants completed the Wave 1 questionnaire on smartphone use and skills, privacy and security concerns, and general attitudes towards survey research and research institutions. In January 2017, all respondents from Wave 1 were invited to participate in a second web survey which included vignettes that varied the levels of several dimensions of a hypothetical study using passive mobile data collection, and respondents were asked to rate their willingness to participate in such a study. A total of 1,957 respondents completed the Wave 2 questionnaire. Wave 1 Topics: Ownership of smartphone, mobile phone, PC, tablet, and/or e-book reader; type of smartphone; frequency of smartphone use; smartphone activities (browsing, e-mails, taking photos, view/ post social media content, shopping, online banking, installing apps, using GPS-enabled apps, connecting via Bluethooth, play games, stream music/ videos); self-assessment of smartphone skills; attitude towards surveys and participaton at research studies (personal interest, waste of time, sales pitch, interesting experience, useful); trust in institutions regarding data privacy (market research companies, university researchers, statistical office, mobile service provider, app companies, credit card companies, online retailer, and social networks); concerns regarding the disclosure of personal data by the aforementioned institutions; general privacy concern; privacy violated by banks/ credit card companies, tax authorities, government agencies, market research companies, social networks, apps, internet browsers); concern regarding data security with smartphone activities for research (online survey, survey apps, research apps, SMS survey, camera, activity data, GPS location, Bluetooth); number of online surveys in which the respondent has participated in the last 30 days; Panel memberships other than that of mingle; previous participation in a study with downloading a research app to the smartphone (passive mobile data collection). Wave 2 Topics: Willingness to participate in passive mobile data collection (using eight vignettes with different scenarios that varied the levels of several dimensions of a hypothetical study using passive mobile data collection. The research app collects the following data for research purposes: technical characteristics of the smartphone (e.g. phone brand, screen size), the currently used telephone network (e.g. signal strength), the current location (every 5 minutes), which apps are used and which websites are visited, number of incoming and outgoing calls and SMS messages on the smartphone); reason why the respondent wouldn´t (respectively would) participate in the research study used in the first scenario (open answer); recognition of differences between the eight scenarios; kind of recognized difference (open answer); remembered data the research app collects (recall); previous invitation for research app download; research app download. Demography: sex; age; federal state; highest level of school education; highest level of vocational qualification. Additionally coded was: running number; respondent ID; duration (response time in seconds); device type used to fill out the questionnaire; vignette text; vignette intro time; vignette time.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2016-12-12 / 2016-12-14
    Wave 1
  • 2017-02-14 / 2017-02-22
    Wave 2
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German smartphone users aged 18 years and older
Non-probability: Quota; Sampling Procedure Comment: Quotas for gender and age were used based on the known smartphone penetration in Germany.
Time Dimension
  • Longitudinal: Panel
Collection Mode
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based
  • Respondents could complete the questionnaire on a PC, tablet or smartphone.
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 71
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6977 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Keusch, F., Struminskaya, B., Antoun, C., Couper, M.P., & Kreuter, F. (in press). Willingness to participate in passive mobile data collection. Public Opinion Quarterly.
  • Keusch, F., Struminskaya, B., Kreuter, F., & Weichbold, M. (in press). Combining active and passive mobile data collection: A survey of concerns. In A. Kirchner, et al. (Eds.) Big Data Meets Survey Science. Wiley.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 17 | Registration Date: 2019-03-27