Crime in the Modern City. A Longitudinal Study of Juvenile Delinquency in Münster - wave 4 (2003)
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AbstractVictimisation, self-reported delinquency, educational styles, conflict behaviour, attitudes towards crime, lifestyles, leisure and consumption styles. Topics: Future confidence; group of friends: clique affiliation; frequency of contact with this clique; composition of the clique according to gender and nationality; characterisation of the clique (joint visits to pubs, discos, concerts, hostile groups, feeling of acceptance only within the group, use of violence to assert interests, joint theatre, music or newspaper, brawls with other groups, learning for school, respect for other people, hanging around, drinking alcohol, doing something forbidden for fun); attitude towards foreigners (scale); preferred groups such as Rapper or no preferred group; preferred music style or no preferred music style; favorite band or no favorite band; leisure styles: duration per day for television or watching videos; favorite shows (movie genre); reading time per day (books and magazines); Internet use and email per day; playing time computer and console; duration homework per day; number of books in the household; weekly hours for jobbing; frequency of sports; main sports; playing main sports in sports clubs, with friends, at the gym or alone; playing frequency of selected computer and console games; favorite game or games; and no favourite game; leisure activities; self-characterisation (accept other opinions, take advantage of someone, don´t hesitate to help someone in need, keep promises, don´t return borrowed items, only help because of expected consideration); problems (e.g. with school performance requirements, teachers, parents, boyfriend, police, future prospects, etc.); problem-solving competence. Consumption style: preferred clothes or brands. Lifestyles (urge for new experiences, no dirty work for others, fun and consumption, doing what one wants to do, somehow one always gets along, achieving one´s life goal by fulfilling one´s duties, observing God´s commandments, political and social self-realization in one´s job, not getting into debt at school, man as family breadwinner and protector, exciting life instead of security, leaving society, dissatisfaction due to limited financial possibilities, not working with enough money, work only to earn money, enjoying and living as pleasantly as possible, children´s duty to respect their parents, throwing everything away, having fun with computers and modern devices, technical progress destroys our life, family honour important, old values important, woman finds fulfilment in the family, use of new technologies, political commitment against oppression and exploitation, wrong to afford everything that is financially possible, technical progress makes life beautiful, religious ideas important, stand fully behind the state). Feeling of security in different places and at different times (e.g. school route, bus stops, during the day or after dark on the bus, etc.); personal precautions to protect against crime (having adults bring you to school, weapons, not taking the bus or train at certain times, tear gas or gas gun, avoiding certain streets, squares or parks, avoiding certain people, leaving money or valuable things at home, skipping school because of threats). Victim experience (incidence of victims): victimisation personally experienced in the last 12 months; frequency of victimisation since January 2001; information on the respective form of crime (robbery, bodily injury with or without a weapon, sexual harassment). Self-reported delinquency (offender incidence): Delinquent behaviour: graffitis; graffitis in the last 12 months; frequency of graffitis since January 2001; graffitis alone or in a group; information on the scene of the crime in Münster; sense of wrongdoing; number of acts from the last year, of which one teacher or the police have knowledge; corresponding queries for other forms of crime (scratching, damage to property, cracking of vending machines or coin telephones, shoplifting, bicycle theft, theft of a motor vehicle, departure of a motor vehicle, handbag robbery, robbery, burglary, other theft, receiving stolen goods, bodily injury with or without theft) without weapon, drug consumption and drug trafficking); additional information about the person concerned (sex; nationality, age, schoolmates) for handbag robbery, robbery, burglary (here also building type) and other thefts as well as bodily injury with and without weapon; shoplifting: additional information on the value of the stolen items and their consequences (was not caught, warned, parents notified, house ban, penalty/ handling fee, complaint); drug use: additional information on the type of drugs used, the location and the dealer (sex, nationality, age, classmates); drug trafficking (deals): additional information on the type of drugs sold and the crime scene of the last drug trafficking. Hacking: hacking ever; age at first hacking; hacking in the last 12 months and frequency of hacking; number of offences known to the police; wrongdoing (corresponding queries for downloading pirated copies and Internet mailing/ordering). Alcohol consumption: ever drunk; age of respondent when first drunk; frequency of excessive alcohol consumption; reason for excessive alcohol consumption; alcohol consumption predominantly alone or in a group. Shoplifting: opinion on shoplifting; personal reasons for shoplifting (e.g. kick, sense of achievement, test of courage, etc.); assessment of the likelihood of not being caught shoplifting (peers and personal); reasons against shoplifting (e.g. house detective, video cameras, guilty conscience, etc.); likelihood of shoplifting in the next 12 months. Delinquency: attitude towards various crimes (e.g. CD theft, assault, marijuana or hashish smoking, bicycle theft, etc.): assessment as bad or rather harmless; presumed attitude (norms) of parents and friends in the case of delinquency of the interviewee in relation to the aforementioned offences; assessment of the personal risk of discovery for the individual offences. Hypothetical propensity to violence: attitude towards violence (scale). Conflict behaviour: conflict behaviour in observed disputes between classmates (holding out, talking to others, asking to stop, going alone or with others in between, informing teachers). Social network: frequency of contact with persons or groups (friends, family, sports club, music, theatre, art and hobby groups, church or religious youth groups, helping groups (e.g. DLRG, fire brigade), political or social groups (e.g. Parties, Greenpeace) and international-cultural groups); caregivers at home; self-characterization (soft-hearted, respectful, thorough, sensitive, objective, defend one´s own opinion, sensitive, intrepid, skilful, cordial, perceptive, pay attention to external appearance, conscientious); reference persons: functioning social network in case of problems, for leisure activities, in case of depression, when help, comfort or encouragement is needed, really good friend available; educational styles in the parental home in the last 12 months (praise, explain in case of mistakes, television ban, house arrest and/or Shortening pocket money as punishment, consolation, hard to tackle or push, quarrel about education, support in anger with others, slap in the face, choking, beating or beating, beating with fist or kicked, bodily injury with weapon, sometimes so, sometimes behave differently, worried, reassured in fear, indifference, can do what I want, behavior is always wrong). Residential environment: district; assessment of district in terms of youth meeting places, opportunities to do something, leisure opportunities, leisure homes and discos firmly in the hands of certain groups or gangs, too few social workers); district problems (run-down, empty buildings, rubbish and bulky waste, drunks, drug addicts, destroyed telephone booths, etc.), Sprayed house walls, young people threatening others etc., too many foreigners/asylum seekers, undisciplined motorists, noisy neighbours, bored teenagers, loud arguments between adults); norm acceptance: reasons against crimes (e.g. risk of seizure, simply not doing anything, etc.). School: grade average in last school certificate; frequency of truancy in last school semester; frequency of written warnings in class book in last school semester; attitude towards school and characterisation of school, class and teachers; evaluation of various prevention proposals for life in school (student sponsorships, class discussions on problems in the classroom, self-assertion training, seminar on behaviour in threatening situations, out-of-school drug seminar, seminars on social competence and sexuality, design options for classrooms or schoolyards (school living space), remedial courses, class discussions on crime, drugs and alcohol with a teacher or with a policeman, training as a dispute mediator, talks about the relationship between Germans and non-Germans, student exchange, several-day class trips, afternoon care, homework help, additional sports activities, German courses for foreigners, other group, e.g. music, theatre, natural sciences, right of pupils to have a say, smaller schools and classes, no loss of lessons, more imparting of specialist knowledge); participation in these offers; experience with various disciplinary measures of the school management (written reprimand, transfer to another class, exclusion from lessons, threat of expulsion from school, expulsion from school); time of measures (class level); evaluation of police work (school grade); demand for selected police measures for the safety of citizens (e.g. motorised patrols, etc.). Demography: age; sex; born in Germany; age at immigration to Germany; nationalities; languages spoken at home; country of origin and nationality of parents (migration background); national identity; family situation; own room; type of building; number of (step)siblings; professional status of father and mother; assessment of the family´s financial status; amount of money available per month; pocket money per month; money sufficient. Additionally coded: number of questionnaire; code for participation, change of school and remaining seated; exclusion of case; type of survey (main school survey/post-survey or special school); class; type of school in 2002 and 2003; type of post-survey (personal or postal); weight.
Update Metadata: 2021-08-28 | Issue Number: 18 | Registration Date: 2019-04-23