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American Time Use Survey: Arts Activities, [United States], 2003-2017

Version
v4
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • ATUS 2003-2017 (Alternative Title)
  • Version 4 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2015-09-08
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
arts; arts participation; computer use; dance; education; entertainment; fundraising; government; leisure; museums; music; performing arts; reading; recreation; sports; work
Description
  • Abstract

    The American Time Use Survey (ATUS) is the Nation's first federally administered, continuous survey on time use in the United States. The survey is sponsored by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. This multi-year data collection contains information on the amount of time that people spent doing various activities in the years 2003 through 2017, such as work and work-related activities, personal care, household activities, consumer purchases, volunteering, and caring for and helping household members. Respondents were also asked about arts-related activities including sports, recreation, socializing, relaxing, arts and crafts, and music appreciation. Additionally, the study provides demographic information--including sex, race, age, educational attainment, occupation, income, marital status, and the presence of children in the household. For this data collection, 191,558 respondents were randomly selected from a subset of households that have completed their eighth and final month of interviews for the Current Population Survey (CPS). Respondents were interviewed only one time about how they spent their time on the previous day, where they were, and whom they were with.
  • Abstract

    The major purpose of this data collection is to develop nationally representative estimates of how people spend their time.
  • Methods

    During the 2003-2017 period, 191,558 respondents were interviewed for this survey. The survey results are based on computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATI) with a representative sample of residents living in households in the United States that are at least 15 years of age, with the exception of active military personnel and people residing in institutions such as nursing homes and prisons. For a complete description of the study design, please refer to the ATUS 2003-2017 User Guide.
  • Methods

    Variables for this data collection provide information about the amount of time Americans spend doing unpaid, nonmarket work, which could include unpaid childcare, eldercare, housework, and volunteering. The data collection also provides information on the amount of time people spend in many other activities, such as religious activities, socializing, exercising, and relaxing. In addition to collecting data about what people did on the day before the interview, the ATUS collects information about where and with whom each activity occurred, and whether the activities were done for one's job or business. Demographic variables provide information about respondents' sex, race, age, educational attainment, occupation, income, marital status, and children's presence in the household.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The average response rate to the ATUS from 2003-2017 was 53.1 percent. The response rate for each year from 2003 through 2017 are as follows: 2003, 57.8 percent; 2004, 57.3 percent; 2005, 56.6 percent; 2006, 55.1 percent; 2007, 52.5 percent; 2008, 54.6 percent; 2009, 56.6 percent; 2010, 56.9 percent; 2011, 54.6 percent; 2012, 53.2 percent; 2013, 49.9 percent; 2014, 51.0 percent; 2015, 48.5 percent; 2016, 46.8 percent; and 2017, 45.6 percent.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Activity Summary File
    • DS2: Replicate Weights File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2003--2017
  • 2003 / 2017
  • Collection date: 2003--2017
  • 2003 / 2017
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All residents living in households in the United States that are at least 15 years of age, with the exception of active military personnel and people residing in institutions such as nursing homes and prisons.
Sampling
The sample for this data collection was drawn from households that had completed their final month of interviews for the Current Population Survey (CPS). Households were selected to ensure that estimates could be made across major demographic groups (e.g. race, age and presence of children, and number of adults in adults-only households). One individual from each selected household was randomly chosen to participate in the ATUS, and this person was interviewed only once about his or her time use. Please refer to the ATUS 2003-2017 User Guide for further details on sampling.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)
Note
2019-05-01 Data through 2017 were added to the data collection.2016-11-28 An infographic on TV watching for 2015 was added. The 2010-2014 summary tables file was updated to create two files that include state-level summary tables. One file includes summary tables that provide percentages of time that the population spent doing selected activities and percentages of the population that did them. The second 2010-2014 summary tables file covers numbers of persons and average hours per day spent on each activity. 2016-10-20 Data for 2015 and unpublished ATUS summary tables for 2011-2015 (produced by the BLS) were added to the data collection.2016-03-10 Unpublished ATUS summary tables produced by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics have been added to the data collection.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36268 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36268.v3
Publications
  • Pepin, Joanna R., Sayer, Liana C., Casper, Lynne M.. Marital status and mothers' time use: Childcare, housework, leisure, and sleep. Demography.55, (1), 107-133.2018.
    • ID: 10.1007/s13524-018-0647-x (DOI)
  • Stone, Arthur A., Schneider, Stefan, Krueger, Alan, Schwartz, Joseph E., Deaton, Angus. Experiential wellbeing data from the American Time Use Survey: Comparisons with other methods and analytic illustrations with age and income. Social Indicators Research.136, (1), 359-378.2018.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11205-016-1532-x (DOI)
  • Wan, He, Weingartner, Rose M., Sayer, Liana C.. Subjective Well-Being of Eldercare Providers: 2012-2013. Current Population Survey Reports.Washington, DC: U.S Census Bureau; U.S. Government Printing Office. 2018.
    • ID: https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2018/demo/P23-215.pdf (URL)
  • Rife, Mary Lou, King, Damaris, Thomas, Samuel, Li, Rose. Measuring Cultural Engagement: A Quest for New Terms, Tools, and Techniques. Summary of a Joint Research Symposium titled “Measuring Cultural Engagement amid Confounding Variables: A Reality Check,” held at the Gallup headquarters in Washington, DC, June 2–3, 2014.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2014.
    • ID: https://www.arts.gov/sites/default/files/measuring-cultural-engagement.pdf (URL)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. An Average Day in the Arts: State Participation Patterns from the American Time Use Survey for 2006-2010. NEA Research Note #106.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2012.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/106.pdf (URL)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. Time and Money: Using Federal Data to Measure the Value of Performing Arts Activities. NEA Research Note #102.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2011.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/102.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2019-05-01 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2019-05-01

United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2015): American Time Use Survey: Arts Activities, [United States], 2003-2017. Version 4. Version: v4. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36268.v4