Long-Term Trends in Private School Enrollments by Family Income

Resource Type
  • Murnane, Richard (Harvard University Graduate School of Education)
  • Reardon, Sean (Stanford University Graduate School of Education)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Russell Sage Foundation
    • Award Number: G-6780
Free Keywords
family incomes; private schools
  • Abstract

    We use data from multiple national surveys to describe trends in private elementary school enrollment by family income from 1968 to 2013. We find several important trends. First, the private school enrollment rate of middle-income families declinedsubstantially over the past five decades while that of high-income families remained quite stable. Second, there are notable differences in private school enrollment trends by race/ethnicity, urbanicity, and region of the country. Although racial/ethnicdifferences in private school enrollment are to a large extent explained by income differences, the urban/suburban and regional differences in private school enrollment patterns are large even among families with similar incomes. Factors contributingto these patterns may include trends in income inequality, private school costs and availability, and the perceived relative quality of local schooling options.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1968-01-01 / 2013-12-31
    Time Period: Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1968--Tue Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2013
Geographic Coverage
  • United Statets
  • Cites
    DOI: 10.1177/2332858417751355 (Text)
  • Murnane, Richard, Sean Reardon, Preeya Mbekeani, and Anne Lamb. “Who Goes to Private Schools.” Education Next 18, no. 4 (Autumn 2018): 59–66.
  • Murnane, Richard, and Sean Reardon. “Long-Term Trends in Private School Enrollments by Family Income.” AERA Open 4, no. 1 (January–March 2018): 1–24. https://doi.org/ 10.1177/2332858417751355.
    • ID: 10.1177/2332858417751355 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2019-06-04 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-05-06