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Korean General Social Survey (KGSS): Cumulative File, 2003-2016

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Kim, Jibum
  • Kang, Jeong-han
  • Kim, Seok-ho
  • Kim, Changhwan
  • Park, Wonho
  • Lee, Yun-Suk
  • Choi, Seulgi
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Korean General Social Survey (KGSS) Series
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • National Research Foundation of Korea
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
attitudes; economic conditions; education; emotional problems; employment; family background; government; health; households; income; life satisfaction; national pride; occupations; political attitudes; trust in government
  • Abstract

    The Korean General Social Survey (KGSS) is the Korean version of the General Social Survey (GSS), closely replicating the original GSS of the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago. The KGSS comprises four parts: The first part includes replicating core questions that cover the core content of Korean society. The second part is the International Social Survey Program (ISSP) module, which is a cross-national survey of 45 countries from all over the world. The third part is the East Asian Social Survey (EASS) module. The EASS is a joint survey of four East Asian countries (Korea, Japan, China and Taiwan) conducting a GSS-type social survey. The last part contains modules proposed by researchers. This data collection is the cumulative version of the previous 13 years of survey data from 2003 to 2016 (not including 2015). Respondents were asked for their opinions about Korean society, economic conditions, government performance, politics and political conditions. Additional questions were asked regarding the health care system, respondents' health behaviors, human rights, attitudes toward aging and the elderly, household composition, household income, education, occupation, environmental issues, international migration and so on. Demographic information collected includes age, sex, education level, household income, employment status, religious preference, political party affiliation, and political philosophy.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: 66 percent (1,315) in 2003; 66 percent (1,312) in 2004; 65 percent (1,613) in 2005; 64 percent (1,605) in 2006; 57 percent (1,431) in 2007; 60 percent (1,507) in 2008; 64 percent (1,599) in 2009; 65 percent (1,576) in 2010; 61 percent (1,535) in 2011; 56 percent (1,396) in 2012; 52 percent (1,294) in 2013; 55 percent (1,370) in 2014; 47 percent (1,051) in 2016;
  • Abstract


    • DS1: Korean General Social Survey (KGSS): Cumulative File, 2003-2016
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2003-01-01--2016-12-31
  • 2003-01-01 / 2016-12-31
  • Collection date: 2003-01-01--2014-12-31
  • 2003-01-01 / 2014-12-31
  • Collection date: 2016-01-01--2016-12-31
  • 2016-01-01 / 2016-12-31
Geographic Coverage
  • Asia
  • South Korea
Sampled Universe
All national populace aged 18 years or older residing in households in South Korea. Smallest Geographic Unit: State
The KGSS samples men and women aged 18 and over nationwide based on the multi-stage area probability sampling method. It is conducted by a person-to-person interview. 2003 - 2014 The KGSS population consists of non-institutionalized residents in Korea who are 18 years of age or older and who can communicate in Korean. The sample size of the first (2003) and the second (2004) surveys was 2,000 but it was increased to 2,500 with the third (2005) survey to reduce standard errors and increase effective sample sizes. Between 2003 and 2005, data from the Ministry of the Interior and Safety was utilized instead of constructing sampling frames of households. The sample was selected using a multi-stage area probability sampling method. 2016 The 2016 KGSS population consists of non-institutionalized residents in Korea who are 18 years of age or older and who can communicate in Korean. The researchers directly selected the required number of persons if a well-defined list of all adult persons was available. If such list was not available, a set of potential respondents was selected in four stages utilizing an area probability sampling method. The first three stages select the required number of households. The fourth stage selects an eligible person from each selected household. For more detailed sampling information, please see PI's 2003-2016 KGSS Cumulative Codebook.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37214 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37214.v1

Update Metadata: 2019-05-20 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2019-05-20

Kim, Jibum; Kang, Jeong-han; Kim, Seok-ho; Kim, Changhwan; Park, Wonho et. al. (2019): Korean General Social Survey (KGSS): Cumulative File, 2003-2016. Archival Version. Korean General Social Survey (KGSS) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.