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Labor Inequality in Pre-Industrial Mediterranean Spain: the city of Murcia in the 18th Century

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • Espin-Sanchez, Jose-Antonio (Yale University)
  • Giraldo-Paez, Daniel (Yale University)
  • Gil-Guirado, Salvador (University of Murcia)
  • Vickers, Chris (Auburn University)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Economic Growth Center, Yale University
Free Keywords
income estimates; occupations
  • Abstract

    Information about the income distribution in pre-industrial societies is sparse. We analyze labor income inequality in 18th century Murcia, a city in Mediterranean Spain. The historical income distribution of this region is relatively unknown, despite it having one of the highest urbanization rates in Europe in the pre-industrial era. We first use a census conducted in the 1750s which collected information on income and occupation. We then use this income information to conduct analyses of the income distribution in the 1730s and 1780s using censuses with information about the occupational distribution. We find large changes in the distribution of occupations across the censuses. We show that our results on inequality are sensitive to assumptions regarding household composition and within-occupation distribution of income, but not to the definition of household income.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1734-01-01 / 1787-12-31
    Time Period: Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1734--Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 1787 (18th Century)
Geographic Coverage
  • Murcia, Spain
Sampled Universe
Adults living in Murcia, Spain, during various censuses in the 18th century. 

Update Metadata: 2019-05-28 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2019-05-28

Espin-Sanchez, Jose-Antonio; Giraldo-Paez, Daniel; Gil-Guirado, Salvador; Vickers, Chris (2019): Labor Inequality in Pre-Industrial Mediterranean Spain: the city of Murcia in the 18th Century. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.