The Sociology of Resistance against National Socialism: The Example of Duesseldorf 1933 to 1945

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Mann, Reinhard (Institut für angewandte Sozialforschung, Universität zu Köln)
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    Research on resistance under National Socialism with the example of diverse forms of deviation from the national socialist system of norms in daily life by the ´small man´. Topics: a) Types of divergent behavior in a totalitarian political system, social and ecological determinants for individual protest behavior and collective resistance against such a system, the population´s reporting behavior (especially denunciation with the Gestapo) and the gathering of information by the controlling authority (especially the Gestapo and the security service of the SS), political penetration of national socialism into daily life and the maintenance of traditional structures. b) Variables on people and their environment, on the type of act or suspicion, on the way the crime or people were brought to the attention of the Gestapo and on witnesses interviewed, on the definition of facts and sanctions against the person by the Gestapo and the courts, on the way the crime was committed and on sanctions.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1933 / 1945
Geographic Coverage
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
Sampled Universe
825 persons from the Duesseldorf area file of the Gestapo regional headquarters (containing roughly 5000 persons)
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage systematic random sample (partly along socio-metric chains through snowball-sampling)
Collection Mode
  • a) File and document analysis: record-linkage of the Gestapo files to the different categories of court files; reconstruction of parts of files originally belonging together but maintained in different archives; systematic comparison of information in different file categories on the same event. b) Carrying out 10 retrospective interviews. Sources: a) Personal files on persons who appeared before the Gestapo regional headquarters in Duesseldorf (1933-1945), files of the proceedings of the special court in Duesseldorf (1933-1945) and the superior court in Hamm (1933-1936), files from the government lawyer of the Peoples´ Court in Berlin (1934-1945), files from the office for compensation of Duesseldorf, files of organizations registered with the district court in Duesseldorf. b) Address books from the city of Duesseldorf (until 1942). c) Retrospective interviews (with 5 respondents).
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 825
    Number of Variables: 335
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8001 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Mann, Reinhard: Protest und Kontrolle im Dritten Reich: Nationalsozialistische Herrschaft im Alltag einer rheinischen Großstadt. Frankfurt a.M., New York: Campus-Verlag 1987 (Studien zur Historischen Sozialwissenschaft, Bd. 6).

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23