American Time Use Survey (ATUS): CATI Paradata, 2010

Resource Type
Dataset : observational data
  • Belli, Robert F.
  • Cordova Cazar, Ana Lucia
  • Eck, Adam
  • Olson, Kristen
Other Title
  • ATUS Paradata, 2010 (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American Time Use Survey (ATUS) Series
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
data complexity; interviewer observations; paradata; time utilization
  • Abstract

    The annual American Time Use Survey (ATUS) collects information on people in the United States and what activities they spend their time in during a 24 hour period. Questions are not only asked about what activities are engaged in, but also with who is with them at that time, for how long do they spend doing the activity, and where the activity takes place. The current study contains the observed paradata derived from the original Blaise audit trails of the full 2010 ATUS public-use data. The dataset contains data describing the interaction by interviewers with the CATI instrument while entering responses provided by respondents. The file contains 18 variables and 2,061,889 cases.
  • Abstract

    The overall aim of this study was to improve data quality assessment through the use of paradata and substantive answers from the 2010 American Time Use Survey (ATUS). Specifically, the relationship between data quality and interviewing complexity is explored. The specific objectives of this research were: (a) To investigate the data quality of the 2010 ATUS through the construction of data quality index;; (b) To explore whether paradata can serve as a tool to assess interview complexity;; (c) To examine whether interview complexity predicts data quality in the ATUS.; In the study data quality and interview complexity were considered latent constructs that were measured by observed variables that include both survey responses and paradata. Data quality was measured through observed indicators including the total number of activities reported, the total time spent on responding to the interview, 'rounding' instances, item non-response instances (memory gaps), inadequate responses (i.e., instances in which the respondent reported an activity with insufficient detail such that the activity could not be coded), failures in reporting a basic daily activity (e.g., eating or sleeping), and failures in providing additional details (where and with whom the activity took place). Interview complexity was exclusively measured through paradata variables, including the total number of entries per respondent, the proportion of secondary activities reported, the number of times reported activities and their locations where edited, and the total number of verbatim reports.
  • Methods

    Paradata was derived from the original Blaise audit trails during data collection of the 2010 survey. The paradata describes the interaction between the survey interviewer and the CATI instrument during administration of the survey. These "audit trails" are non-rectangular text data capturing key strokes and navigation during the course of the survey interview.
  • Methods

    The data file contains 18 variables. Key variables in the file include the time each activity started (TIMEBEGAN), ended (TIMEENDED), and lasted (TIMEELAPSED) measured in seconds. The start and end times are very precise (M:D:Y / H:M:S).
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: 56.9 percent
  • Abstract


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2010
  • Collection date: 2010-01-01--2010-12-31
  • 2010-01-01 / 2010-12-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Participating respondents of the American Time Use Survey (ATUS), 2010 (ICPSR 30901).
The primary survey data for the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) sample was drawn from households that had completed their final month of interviews for the Current Population Survey. One individual, aged 15 or older, from each selected household was chosen to participate in the ATUS. The selected respondent was interviewed one time about his or her time use for a single 24-hour period. Please refer to chapter 3 of the ATUS User's Guide, produced by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, for additional information on sampling.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)
Funding institution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-1132015).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37318 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37318.v1

Update Metadata: 2019-06-17 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2019-06-17