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Balancing Science and Parenthood (BAWIE)

Resource Type
  • Lind, Inken (GESIS, Kompetenzzentrum Frauen in Wissenschaft und Forschung CEWS)
  • Samjeske, Kathrin (GESIS, Kompetenzzentrum Frauen in Wissenschaft und Forschung CEWS)
  • Banavas, Tanja (GESIS, Kompetenzzentrum Frauen in Wissenschaft und Forschung CEWS)
  • Oemmelen, Guido (GESIS, Kompetenzzentrum Frauen in Wissenschaft und Forschung CEWS)
Publication Date
  • Zentrum für Evaluation und Methoden der Universität Bonn (ZEM) (Data Collector)
  • Kompetenzzentrum Frauen in Wissenschaft und Forschung CEWS (GESIS) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Family
    • University, Research, the Sciences
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Family life and marriage
    • Gender and gender roles
    • Science and technology
  • Abstract

    Life situations of scientists (job, partnership, family). Balancing science and parenthood. Family education processes. Structural framework conditions for scientific careers. Work/life balance and satisfaction with different areas of life. Job: Name of the university; subject group; duration in years since the start of the current position; fixed-term employment contract; duration in years until the end of the contract (fixed-term contract); prospect of extension or continued employment. Working hours: contractually agreed and actual weekly working hours; percentage of working hours for various tasks (e.g. teaching, research, etc.). Working context, integration: feeling of integration in the scientific community; respective number of women and men in the direct working context; sex of the person directly in charge; scientific activities and contacts (e.g. participation in working groups/research projects, membership in professional associations, etc.); number of publications in the last 5 years. Attractiveness of the university, career prospects, exit to science: attractiveness of employment at the university; personal reasons for the scientific career; assessment of the prospects for the further academic career; further career goals pursued; most important reasons why the realisation of the career goals could fail; thoughts of leaving science; most important reasons for leaving science. Assessment questions Occupation: personal significance of the occupation; importance of advancement and position as well as content of the activity; satisfaction with various aspects of the occupational situation (current overall occupational situation, career development, work autonomy, working atmosphere in the institution, recognition of performance by superiors, relationship to superiors); frequency of signs of overwork such as exhaustion, nervousness or burnout; strength of the feeling of occupational stress; extent of limitation by the occupation in family obligations. Partner situation: importance of one´s own partnership or importance of a partnership; partner lives in a different place of residence; professional qualification of the partner; professional activity of the partner; weekly working hours; partner´s professional status; dual career couple; extent of difficulties in reconciling the two careers; extent of support for the partner in his/her career; success in reconciling work and family life for the partner; partner´s support in his/her own professional goals; establishment of a stable partnership more difficult for researchers than in other academic professional fields; overall satisfaction with the partnership; number of marriages; number of other marriage-like partnerships; age at first marriage; role of desire to have children or of existing children for the marriage; duration of partnerlessness; duration of partnership; sex of partner; joint household with partner. Child situation: age of children; qualification stage at the time of birth of children; number of children in the household; satisfaction with the relationship with children; significance of children for one´s own life. Those without children were asked: desire to have children; reasons against the realisation of the desire to have children; reasons against the realisation of the desire to have children more in the personal or in the professional sphere; reasons against the realisation of the desire to have children at an early age; reasons at that time against the desire to have children; reasons against the realisation of the desire to have children at the moment more in the personal or in the professional sphere; the subject of children is closed; conscious decision against children vs. has arisen; age at which the decision was made; environment accepts life without own children; advantages of life without children; importance of children in one´s own life. Parents were asked: desire for further children; optimal number of children; probability of the realisation of a further desire to have children; reasons against the realisation of a further desire to have children; reasons against the realisation of a further desire to have children more in the personal or in the professional sphere; effects of a further child on different areas (partnership, professional career, life satisfaction, personal well-being and social reputation); reasons against further children; reasons against a further desire to have children more in the personal or in the professional sphere; again all: attitude towards children (scale). Effects of parenthood and working life: extent of dealing with the issue of reconciling work and family life; positive vs. negative effects of parenthood on career development; concrete occupational consequences of parenthood on the situation at the university; frequency of conflicts between the demands of university work and responsibility for the children; support with regard to reconciling work; professional time-out of the respondent or partner due to the birth of the first or further children and duration of the respective time-out; reduced working hours (weekly hours) of the respondent or partner due to the birth of the first or further children and the period of reduced working time; criteria for the decision with regard to professional time off or reduction of working time; pregnancy or birth of children during employment at the university; reaction of the superior to parenthood; counselling interview with the superior on the compatibility of parenthood and academic career; organisation of the re-entry (e.g. resumption of the old position); professional relegation, comparable employment or good career prospects as a result of the re-entry. Reconcilability at the institution of higher education: being informed about possibilities and offers for reconciling work and family at the institution of higher education; support; type of received support at the institution of higher education; difficulties at the institution of higher education in reconciling work and family life; three most important points for improving the reconcilability of academic work and parenthood at the institution of higher education; preferred reconcilability model for the current professional situation; satisfaction with the possibilities of reconciling family and academic work at the institution of higher education; satisfaction with the balance between work and private life; perceived burden of reconciling academic work and private life. Professors were asked: Informed about the family situation of young academics at the institute; counselling interview sought from academic staff members or by initiative of the respondent; frequency of male and female scientists withdrawing from science; greater compatibility problems of female junior scientists with children than of male scientists; change in the compatibility of science and family responsibility over time; function as mentor; role model function with regard to one´s own professional career and personal life model; achieved academic position rather through strong pursuit of goals or by chance; renewed decision for academic career. Home and family work, childcare, organisation: responsibility at home for the organisation of home and family work; regulation of emergency care for the children; satisfaction with the current regulation on child care; care of relatives in need of care and number of hours per week for this care activity; extent of the restriction in the occupation by family obligations; perceived burden by family obligations; regulation for the completion of household work; satisfaction with the regulation of household work; perceived burden by household work; child care regulation up to primary school age and currently; monthly costs for child care; extent of the financial burden by child care. Areas of life most likely to be neglected; areas of personal abandonment to achieve career goals; agreement with various statements on the interactions of career, parental role and private life; extent of partner support of life goals; ideal partnership model with children under 3 years; satisfaction with personal life model, career development, personal development and work-life balance. Family of origin: parents´ educational background; parents´ academic activity; extent of parents´ employment during the childhood; significance of academic education and professional development in the parental home; parents´ role model; evaluation of this role model. Migration background: personal migration background; special influence of the migration background on the compatibility of science and family; country of origin of the respondent or the parents; permanent activity in science in Germany. Academic career: completion of first academic qualification; year of graduation; degree completed in the old or new federal states or in another country; current doctoral/ postdoctoral qualification; year of doctoral/ postdoctoral qualification; doctoral/ postdoctoral qualification in the old or new federal states or in another country; year of first professorship; type of funding for the doctorate; sponsorship by a mentor during the doctoral period; sex of the mentor; importance of mentor support for career decisions and academic career; obstacles to previous academic careers; length of service in academia; number of universities and non-university research institutions at which the respondent worked; number of academic stays abroad and total duration in months; employment outside academia; agreement on various statements on the situation of women in academia. Financial situation: personal net income; household net income; satisfaction with financial situation. Demography: sex; age; marital status; highest academic qualification; academic status; stable partnership; children; number of biological children; number of non-biological children; single parent. Additionally coded was: respondent ID.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2008-04-24 / 2008-06-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Scientific staff at 19 universities of the Federal Republic of Germany
Total universe/Complete enumeration of scientific staff at 19 universities (online survey). Recruitment of the sample with the support of the Center for Evaluation and Methods (ZEM) of the University of Bonn via the publicly accessible pages of the university homepages and university calendars.
Collection Mode
  • Online survey; guided telephone interviews (n = 60). The telephone interviews are not made available for subsequent use for data protection reasons.
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 548
Funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5184 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Lind, Inken (2007): Ursachen der Unterrepräsentanz von Wissenschaftlerinnen - Individuelle Entscheidungen oder Strukturelle Barrieren? S. 59 - 86. In: Wissenschaftsrat (Hrsg.): Exzellenz in Wissenschaft und Forschung. Neue Wege in der Gleichstellungspolitik. Dokumentation der Tagung am 28./29. November 2006 in Köln. Köln Wissenschaftsrat.
  • Lind, Inken (2008): Aufgeschobene Kinderwünsche, eingeschränkte Perspektiven? Zur Vereinbarkeit von Wissenschaft und Elternschaft - Ergebnisse einer aktuellen Studie. In: Forschung & Lehre 15, Nr. 11, S. 754-756.
  • Lind, Inken (2008): Balancing Career and Family in Higher Education - New Trends and Results. S. 193-208. In: Grenz, Sabine; Kortendiek, Beate; Kriszio, Marianne (Hrsg.): Gender Equality Programmes in Higher Education: International Perspectives. Berlin: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
  • Lind, Inken; Banavas, Tanja (2008): Balancierung von Hochschulkarriere und Elternschaft - Ein Überblick. In: Hochschulkarriere mit Familie - wie geht das? : öffentliches Kolloquium am 19.01.2008, Universität Mannheim ; Beiträge Mannheim : Deutscher Hochschullehrerinnenbund e.V., 2008, 30-43 S.

Update Metadata: 2019-09-02 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2019-06-19

Lind, Inken; Samjeske, Kathrin; Banavas, Tanja; Oemmelen, Guido (2019): Balancierung von Wissenschaft und Elternschaft (BAWIE). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.