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Eurobarometer 86.2 (2016)

Version
1.4.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • European Commission, Brussels
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 86 (Alternative Title)
Publication Date
2019-06-27
Contributor
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.1 ´Strategic Communication´ (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • Mediana D.O.O., Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • Lipa Consultancy, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community (Data Collector)
  • TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania (Data Collector)
  • TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Society, Culture
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Information and communication
    • Politics
    • International politics and organisation
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic policy
Description
  • Abstract

    Attitudes towards the EU. Europe 2020. European economy. European citizenship. Media use. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU: life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, provision of public services in the own country (not in CY); expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU, economic situation in the world; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU (only in EU28); assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing (not in EU28 and CY); expectations of benefit from an assumed membership of the own country (not in EU28 and CY); assessment of the full application of EU legislation as a good thing (only in CY); expectations of benefit from the full application of EU legislation (only in CY); general direction things are going in the own country, the EU, and in the USA; trust in selected institutions: written press (not in CY), radio (not in CY), television (not in CY), internet (not in CY), online social networks (not in CY), national legal system (not in CY), police (not in CY), army (not in CY), public administration (not in CY), political parties, regional or local public authorities (not in CY), national government (not in CY), national parliament (not in CY), European Union, United Nations; image of the EU; positive associations with the following terms: free trade, globalisation, liberalisation (not in CY), competition (not in CY), public service (not in CY), security (not in CY), solidarity (not in CY); meaning of the EU to the respondent (only in EU28); most suitable attributes for describing the EU: modern, democratic, protective, efficient, technocratic, forward-looking (only in EU28); approval of the following statements on the EU (only in EU28): creates conditions for more jobs in Europe, makes doing business easier in Europe, generates too much bureaucracy, needs a clearer message; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank (only in EU28); knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of European Parliament members by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states (only in EU28), further enlargement, common defence and security policy (only in EU28), free trade and investment agreement between the EU and the USA (only in EU28), common European migration policy (only in EU28), common energy policy (only in EU28), digital single market within the EU (only in EU28), free movement of EU citizens (only in EU28); satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU (only in EU28); own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), EU’s voice counts in the world, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), more decisions to be taken at EU level (only in EU28, not in CY), optimism about the future of the EU (only in EU28). 2. Europe 2020 (only in EU28): likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020: three quarters of people between 20 and 64 years of age having a job, share of funds invested in research and development reaching 3% of the wealth produced in the EU each year, reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared to 1990), increase of the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20%, increase of energy efficiency in the EU by 20%, reduction of the share of young people leaving school without qualifications to 10%, at least 40% of the people aged 30 to 34 having a higher education degree or diploma, reduction of the number of people living below the poverty line by a quarter, increase industry’s contribution to economy to 20% of GDP; EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges; prioritized objectives in a European energy union; feeling towards immigration of people from: other EU member states, outside the EU; attitude towards additional measures to fight illegal immigration of people from outside the EU on EU level and / or on national level; attitude towards the right for EU citizens to: live or work in every member state of the EU, live or work in the respondent’s country. 3. European economy: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; approval of the following statements (only in EU28): measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed (split A), measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now (split B), EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally, private sector is better placed to create new jobs than public sector, public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level; approval of selected measures to reform global financial markets (only in EU28): introduction of a tax on financial transactions, introduction of Eurobonds, wage regulation in the financial sector, tougher rules on tax avoidance and tax havens. 4. European citizenship: feeling of attachment towards (only in CY): own city, own community, European Union, Europe; approval of the following statements (only in EU28): feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; feeling of national and / or European identity (only in EU28); most positive results of the EU; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens (only in EU28); most important personal values (only in EU28); values that best represent the EU (only in EU28); amount of shared values between the member states (only in EU28); approval of selected statements (only in EU28 and CY): state intervenes too much in personal lives, immigrants contribute a lot to the own country, people in the own country have a lot of things in common, respondent understands what is going on the world, own country should help refugees, everything was better before, confidence in the future; likelihood to make use of the ´European Citizens’ Initiative´ (only in EU28); most likely political fields to use the ´European Citizens’ Initiative´ (only in EU28); awareness of the Erasmus programme (only in EU28); attitude towards the Erasmus programme (only in EU28); association with the 60th anniversary of the Rome Treaty (only in EU28); assessment of the Treaty of Rome as a historic event (only in EU28). 5. Media use: assessment of the informedness of the people in the own country about European matters; self-rated knowledge about European matters; frequency of the following activities (only in EU28): watching television on a TV set, watching television via the internet, listening to the radio, reading printed press, using the internet, using online social networks; preferred sources of information on national political matters (only in EU28); preferred sources of information on European political matters; preferred sources of information on the European Union, its policies and institutions; assessment of the appropriateness of coverage with European Union issues in the following media (only in EU28): TV, radio, printed press, websites, online social networks; assessment of the presentation of the EU in the national media as positive (only in EU28); attitude towards selected statements on political information in online social networks: modern way to keep abreast, not trustworthy, can get people interested, good way to have a say. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview (only in BE, LU, ES, FI, EE, LV, MT, MK, TR); nation group; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2016-11-03 / 2016-11-16
    total
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Belgium
  • 2016-11-03 / 2016-11-14
    Bulgaria
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Czech Republic
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Denmark
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Germany
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Estonia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Ireland
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Greece
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Spain
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    France
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Croatia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Italy
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Cyprus
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Latvia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Lithuania
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Luxembourg
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Hungary
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Malta
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Netherlands
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Austria
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Poland
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Portugal
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Romania
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Slovenia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Slovakia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-16
    Finland
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Sweden
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    United Kingdom
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Turkish Cypriot Community
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Turkey
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Montenegro
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Serbia
  • 2016-11-09 / 2016-11-15
    Albania
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Albania (AL)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 32896
    Number of Variables: 730
Note
All question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 85.2 [ZA6694] or 84.3 [ZA6643]. Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available.
Availability
Download
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Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6788 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36875.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12853
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12801
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12763
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12757
Publications
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 86. Public Opinion in the European Union. Survey requested by the European Commission, requested and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM Unit ´Strategic Communication´). doi:10.2775/196906 [http://ec.europa.eu/COMMFrontOffice/publicopinion/index.cfm/Survey/getSurveyDetail/instruments/STANDARD/surveyKy/2137]

Update Metadata: 2019-07-25 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-06-27

European Commission, Brussels (2019): Eurobarometer 86.2 (2016). Version: 1.4.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13313