Growth Trends and Economic Cycles in the German economy from 1820 to 1913

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Spree, Reinhard (Arbeitsbereich Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Freie Universität Berlin)
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    Quantitative analysis of growth trends and economic cycles of the German economy in the phase of early and high industrialization based on indicators in the form of longer time series. Topics: a) Proof of relevant different growth patterns within the national economy, determination of number and average length of the cycles of individual indicators as well as dating of the prevailing economic movement, insight into the connections between individual economic sectors; b) creation of indicator time series for population, bankruptcies, agriculture, grocery business, cotton industry, mining, iron and steel industry, monetary and credit business. Time Series (1820-1913) in the downloadsystem HISTAT: - Germanys mean population; - Birthrate, Marriage Rate, Death Rate; - Insolvencies in the German Empire; - Annual Average Bank Rate, Hamburg / Berlin (in %); - Note Balance Sheets of German Financial Institutions and Banks at the End of the Year (in Mio. Mark); - Crop Net Production of german Agriculture in Constant Prices of 1913 (in Mio. Mark); - Wholsale Prices of Vegetable Food in the German Empire, Index, 1913=100, Constant Currency (in %); - Consumption of Shugar (in 1000t); - Wholsale Prices of Industrial Basic Matirials in the German Empire, Index, 1913=100, Constant Currency (in %.); - Output of Prussian Black Coal Mining Förderungsmenge des preußischen Steinkohlebergbaus (in Mio. t ); - Chief Board of Mines district (Oberbergamtsbezirk) Dortmunts Labour Productivity of Black Coal Mining (in t/Mann); - Hot Metal Production (in 1000t);  - Import Prices of shottisch Pig-Iron, Hamburg (in Mark/t); - Gross-Investment of Germanys Cotton-Mills (in 1000 Mark); - Spinning Margin of German Cotton-Mills (in Pfennig/kg); - Yarn Production of German Cotton-Mills (in 1000t );
Temporal Coverage
  • 1820 / 1913
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
Sampled Universe
Economic statistical time series
Sampling Procedure Comment: Selection of 18 economic statistical time series
Collection Mode
  • Sources: systematic exploitation of printed sources: scientific literature with statistical data, official statistics of the customs union or the German Empire and of the individual German states, semi-official statistical source material, Chamber of Commerce reports, commemorative publications of companies, trade monographs, economic technical journals.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 94
    Number of Variables: 18
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8053 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Spree, Reinhard: Wachstumstrends und Konjunkturzyklen in der deutschen Wirtschaft von 1820 bis 1913. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1978.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 90 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23