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Pathways to Inequality: Between-District Segregation and Racial Disparities in School District Expenditures

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • Sosina, Victoria (Stanford University)
  • Weathers, Ericka (Pennsylvania State University)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Education. Institute of Education Sciences. National Center for Education Statistics
    • Award Number: R305B140009
  • Karr Family Graduate Fellowship
Free Keywords
school district finance; racial segregation; socioeconomic disparities; school district spending
  • Abstract

    Recent causal evidence connects levels of per pupil spending and short- and long-term student outcomes. This evidence further suggests that specific types of spending may mediate the relationship between expenditures and student outcomes. Yet race remains related to funding disparities and schooling experiences in ways that raise concerns about the role of school finance in perpetuating racial opportunity gaps. We explore this potential source of educational inequality by asking how racial segregation and racial socioeconomic disparities are related to racial disparities in school district spending over time. We use 15 years of data from the School Funding Fairness Data System on school district expenditures and demographics to explore patterns of racial/ethnic segregation and racial disparities across six categories of per pupil expenditures. We find that changes in racial/ethnic segregation within a state from 1999 through 2013 are associated with racial disparities in spending, even after accounting for disparities in poverty.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1999-01-01 / 2013-12-31
    Time Period: Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1999--Tue Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2013
Geographic Coverage
  • national
Sampled Universe
traditional U.S. school districtsSmallest Geographic Unit: states
Restricted to traditional school districts with non-missing data from 1999 through 2013. District-year observations are excluded for districts serving non-traditional populations (e.g., juvenile justice), that are located outside of the 50 states (e.g., territories), or are charter districts. The District of Columbia and Hawaii are not included, because they each comprise one district. District-years with outlier values for total per pupil expenditures, missing expenditure data, or no 5- to 17-year-olds according to SAIPE estimates are also dropped

Update Metadata: 2019-08-24 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2019-08-24

Sosina, Victoria; Weathers, Ericka (2019): Pathways to Inequality: Between-District Segregation and Racial Disparities in School District Expenditures. Version: V0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.