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The Science of BDSM Data, Phoenix, Arizona, 2014

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : clinical data, event/transaction data, survey data
Creator
  • Lee, Ellen M.
  • Sagarin, Brad J.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2019-08-26
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • Butchmanns, Inc.
  • Society for the Scientific Study of Sex (U.S.)
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
cognitive functioning; dancers; extremism; intimate partners; mental health; pain; participation; psychological effects; self concept; sexual attitudes; sexual behavior; sexual preference; stress
Description
  • Abstract

    The goals of this study were to test whether participants who engaged in an extreme ritual in a naturalistic setting would evidence signs of altered states of consciousness, to examine other physiological and affective effects of the ritual, and to determine whether these effects varied based on the role the individual performed within the ritual. A multi-method approach was used that utilized various psychological self-report measures, a measure of cognitive functioning, and a measure of physiological stress. The data collection took place at the "Dance of Souls," a ritual conducted on the last day of the annual Southwest Leather Conference in Phoenix, Arizona, in which participants received temporary piercings with hooks or weights attached to the piercings and danced to music provided by drummers. The associated publication, Altered States of Consciousness during an Extreme Ritual, was used to accompany the data in this collection. Users are encouraged to consult the publication for additional information. The data collection includes one de-identified dataset with 164 variables for 83 cases. Demographic variables include sex, gender, pierced vs. non-pierced, and the role the participant played in the ceremony.
  • Abstract

    The goals of this study were to test whether participants engaged in an extreme ritual in a naturalistic setting would evidence signs of altered states of consciousness, to examine other physiological and affective effects of the ritual, and to determine whether these effects varied based on the role the individual performed within the ritual.
  • Methods

    Data collection took place at the 2014 "Dance of Souls," a ritual conducted on the last day of the annual Southwest Leather Conference in Phoenix, Arizona. A mixed-methods approach was utilized where participants completed repeated measures of positive and negative affect, salivary cortisol (a hormone associated with stress), self-reported stress, sexual arousal, and intimacy; Stroop test scores were also collected. Conference attendees could enroll in the study at any point until an hour prior to the beginning of the dance. Measures were taken before the dance (baseline), during the dance, and after the dance. Not all participants completed the materials in full during data collection and many were missing at least some data. To rectify this, three months after the conference, conference organizers sent an email to all the dance attendees with a link to an online version of the surveys. The goals were to (a) collect additional information from existing participants, (b) allow existing participants to complete any missing surveys, and (c) allow new participants to fill out the pre and post-dance surveys. If existing participants filled out a duplicate version of the pre- or post-dance survey, their responses were averaged in the dataset. It was not possible to collect Stroop and saliva samples in this manner.
  • Methods

    Variables in the data collection include: Demographic: gender/sex, role in ritual, pierced/non-pierced; Participant experience/skill with BDSM; Inclusion of Other in the Self (IOS) scale variables; Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) scale variables; Self-reported measures related to the ritual; Flow State Scale (FSS) variables; Psychological and Physiological measure before, during, and after the ritual;
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: The Flow State Scale (FSS); Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS); Inclusion of Other in Self (IOS) Scale; Stroop Effect tests.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS1: The Science of BDSM Data, Phoenix, Arizona, 2014
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2014
  • Collection date: 2014
Geographic Coverage
  • Arizona
  • Phoenix
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Participants of the Dance of Souls ritual, on the final day of the 2014 Southwest Leather Conference (SWLC) in Phoenix, Arizona. Smallest Geographic Unit: None
Sampling
The Dance of Souls took place in a large ballroom on the final day of the 2014 Southwest Leather Conference (SWLC), an annual four-day conference in Phoenix, Arizona. Approximately 180 people participated in the Dance of Souls. Of these, 83 enrolled in the study (49 women, 32 men, 2 transgender individuals); A total of 83 participants began the study, consisting of 47 pierced dancers, seven piercers, six piercing assistants, seven observers, three drummers, seven event/spiritual leaders, and six unknown/missing roles (e.g.,"spiritual growth journey", or missing pre- and/or post-surveys). Given the small sample sizes in some of the roles, we created one group of pierced dancers and another group of non-pierced participants. This resulted in 47 pierced participants and 36 non-pierced participants, and subsequent analyses were conducted using this role dichotomization. The six participants with unknown/missing roles were categorized as non-pierced participants. Alternate analyses that exclude these participants did not substantively change the results because many of them did not provide a full set of measures; however, we opted to include these participants in the final sample in order to retain as much power as possible.
Collection Mode
  • cognitive assessment test
  • mixed mode
  • on-site questionnaire
  • web-based survey
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37395 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Lee, Ellen M., Klement, Kathryn R., Ambler, James K., Loewald, Tonio, Comber, Evelyn M., Hanson, Sarah A., Pruitt, Bria, Sagarin, Brad J.. Altered states of consciousness during an extreme ritual. PLOS One.11, (5), e01531262016.
    • ID: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153126 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2019-08-26 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2019-08-26

Lee, Ellen M.; Sagarin, Brad J. (2019): The Science of BDSM Data, Phoenix, Arizona, 2014. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37395.v1