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metadata language: English

Action Control of Affordances in an Implicitly Cued Simon Task

Version
V0
Resource Type
Dataset : experimental data
Creator
  • Kiser, Seth (DC Veteran Affairs Medical Center)
Publication Date
2015-12-29
Free Keywords
Implicit Learning; Response Inhibition; Simon Effect
Description
  • Abstract

    The present study used covert means to implicitly cue responses in a Simon Task in order to investigate how participants anticipate and resolve conflicts between relevant and irrelevant stimulus information. Participants were randomly assigned to either a Non-predictive or a Predictive Simon Task in which implicit cues predicted the correct response. Results showed that, despite an overall high level of accuracy between the two tasks, when implicit cues were present the average Simon Effect was significantly smaller compared to when cues were absent. Group mean differences in Simon effect scores support that implicit priming mechanisms modulate response selection and action monitoring when conveying information about response outcomes. These results demonstrate that knowledge learned implicitly can be used to resolve conflict between relevant and irrelevant stimulus information in order to avoid non-optimal behavior, providing evidence for the role of implicit learning in action control of response affordances.
  • Technical Information

    Response Rates: Fifty-three undergraduates from the Catholic University of America were recruited and received course credit to participate in the present study but only forty-eight (32 females; 16 males, aged 18 to 23 years, M = 18.92, SD = 1.22) met the inclusion criteria for the analysis.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2010-12-01 / 2011-12-01
    Collection Date(s): Wed Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2010--Thu Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2011 (Winter 2010 to Winter 2011)
Geographic Coverage
  • Washington, DC
Sampled Universe
Undergraduate students from the Catholic University of America ages 18 to 23 years.
Collection Mode
  • Mean of median reaction times for correct responses were calculated for each individual and each condition collapsed across trials for each block. Only valid cues predictive of correct responses were taken for the Predictive Simon task in order to make direct comparisons to the Non-Predictive Simon task, which contains no invalid trials.

Availability
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Update Metadata: 2019-08-29 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-08-29

Kiser, Seth (2015): Action Control of Affordances in an Implicitly Cued Simon Task. Version: V0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. http://doi.org/10.3886/E100365