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Historical Statistics of the Public Health System from the Early 19th Century to 1938. Long Series on Medical Personnel and Hospitals

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Spree, Reinhard
Publication Date
1999
Contributor
  • R. Spree (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
Description
  • Abstract

    The statistics of the public health system in general provide the following constitutive object areas: population, medical and support personnel, medical facilities as well as mortality and morbidity of the population. Objective of the study is to create a data collection on statistics of the public health system that encompasses longer time intervals in the form of time series as complete as possible based on annual value and with its variables cover the significant sub-areas of the public health system. Project 1, supported by the German Research Society (DFG) = ´Historical statistics of the public health system in Germany from the early 19th century to the present-day´; processors: Walter Kohler, along with Gudrun Kling, Roland Otto and Hartmut Haegle; project 2, supported with funds from the Federal Employment Office (BfA) = ´Information system on medical statistics of the Federal Republic of Germany´; processor: Ralph Kube (s. ZA Study Nummer 8134). The projects belong to the main focus program ´Sources and Research on Historical Statistics of Germany´. Topics: The data material is organized in the form of time series (1824-1938) according to regions (s. research area) and the following variables: 1) medical personnel: doctors, surgeons, pharmacies, dentists, midwives; 2) general hospitals: number of institutions, number of beds, all totaled, public and private, free provider; 3) number of patients cared for in general hospitals of the German Reich 1870-1913: together, public and private hospitals, free charitable hospitals, separate according to male and female patients cared for.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1806 / 1938
Geographic Coverage
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
  • Regional differentiation on the level of federal states; as of 1950: of the states; on the level of administrative districts or corresponding subdivisions of the federal states. The medical personnel: territory units are Prussia (entire state, provinces as well as administrative districts); Bavaria (Bavaria, Upper and Lower Bavaria, Rhein-Palatinate, Upper Palatinate, Upper, Middle and Lower Franconia, Swabia), Hesse (Hesse, Starkenburg, Upper Hesse, Rhine-Hesse), Baden (Baden, Constance, Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Mannheim), Braunschweig, Anhalt, Bremen, Hamburg, Luebeck, Elsass-Lothringen, Saarland, Reuss, Saxony (Saxony, Bautzen, Dresden, Zwickau, Chemnitz, Leipzig), Wuerttemberg (Wuerttemberg, Donaukreis, Jagstkreis, Neckarkreis, Schwarzwaldkreis); German Reich. Number of general hospitals, number of beds and number of patients cared for: territory units are Prussia (entire state, provinces as well as administrative districts); Bavaria, Saxony, Wuerttemberg, Baden, Hesse, Mecklenburg, Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Saxony, Oldenburg, Braunschweig, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen, Waldeck, Reuss, Schaumburg-Lippe, Lippe, Luebeck, Bremen, Hamburg; Thuringia (as of 1920), Schaumburg-Lippe (as of 1920), Saarland (as of 1935).
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
Sampled Universe
In general the data on medical personnel encompass the time interval from 1806 to 1938. The number of general hospitals, the number of beds and the number of patients cared for are available for the time interval 1876 to 1938. Under the main heading medical personnel figures are available for doctors, pharmacies, dentists and midwives. The second large figures series concerns hospitals. Here all information that seemed clear and reliable enough and beyond this made possible construction of long series was first available in 1876. Research area: regional differentiation on the level of federal states; as of 1950: of the states; on the level of administrative districts or corresponding subdivisions of the federal states. The medical personnel: territory units are Prussia (entire state, provinces as well as administrative districts); Bavaria (Bavaria, Upper and Lower Bavaria, Rhein-Palatinate, Upper Palatinate, Upper, Middle and Lower Franconia, Swabia), Hesse (Hesse, Starkenburg, Upper Hesse, Rheinhessen), Baden (Baden, Constance, Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Mannheim), Braunschweig, Anhalt, Bremen, Hamburg, Luebeck, Elsass-Lothringen, Saarland, Reuss, Saxony (Saxony, Bautzen, Dresden, Zwickau, Chemnitz, Leipzig), Wuerttemberg (Wuerttemberg, Donaukreis, Jagstkreis, Neckarkreis, Schwarzwaldkreis); German Reich. Number of general hospitals, number of beds and number of patients cared for: territory units are Prussia (entire state, provinces as well as administrative districts); Bavaria, Saxony, Wuerttemberg, Baden, Hesse, Mecklenburg, Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Saxony, Oldenburg, Braunschweig, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen, Waldeck, Reuss, Schaumburg-Lippe, Lippe, Luebeck, Bremen, Hamburg; Thuringia (as of 1920), Schaumburg-Lippe (as of 1920), Saarland (as of 1935); German Reich.
Collection Mode
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 132
    Number of Variables: 2933
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8133 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Kohler, Walter: Quellen zur Historischen Statistik des Gesundheitswesens in Deutschland (1815-1938), in: Fischer, W./Kunz, A. (Hrsg.): Grundlagen der Historischen Statistik von Deutschland. Quellen, Methoden, Forschungsziele. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1991, S. 275-298.
  • Labisch, Alfons; Spree, Reinhard: Die Kommunalisierung des Krankenhauswesens in Deutschland während des 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhunderts, In: Wysocki, J. (Hrsg.): Kommunalisierung im Spannungsfeld von Regulierung und Deregulierung im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot 1995, S. 7-47.
  • Spree, Reinhard: Historische Statistik des Gesundheitswesens, in: Diederich, N./Hölder, E./ Kunz, A. u. a.: Historische Statistik in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Band 15 der Schriftenreihe Forum der Bundesstatistik. Hrsg.: Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden. Stuttgart: Metzler-Poeschel 1990, S. 107-126.
  • Spree, Reinhard: Krankenhausentwicklung und Sozialpolitik in Deutschland während des 19. Jahrhunderts, in: Historische Zeitschrift, Band 260 (1995), S. 75-105.
  • Spree, Reinhard: Quantitative Aspekte der Entwicklung des Krankenhauswesens im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Ein Bild innerer und äußerer Verhältnisse. In: Labisch, A.; Spree, R. (Hrsg.): Einem jeden Kranken in einem Hospital sein eigenes Bett. Zur Sozialgeschichte des Allgemeinen Krankenhauses in Deutschland im 19. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. u. New York, 1996, S. 51-88.
  • Spree, Reinhard (Hrsg.); Kohler, Walter F. (Bearb.): unter Mitarbeit von: Kling, Gudrun; Otto, Roland; Hägle, Harald, 1990: Historische Statistik des Gesundheitswesens vom frühen 19. Jahrhundert bis 1938. Lange Reihen zum Heilpersonal und zum Krankenhauswesen. Universität Konstanz, 1990.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-29 | Issue Number: 75 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23

Spree, Reinhard (1999): Historische Statistik des Gesundheitswesens vom frühen 19. Jahrhundert bis 1938. Lange Reihen zum Heilpersonal und zum Krankenhauswesen. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.8133