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Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank (MEMDB) on Economic Development in Europe

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Bell, Rudolph M.
  • Howell, Martha C.
  • Metz, Rainer
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    MEMDB (Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank) is an information data bank that contains data on medieval and early modern economic development in Europe from approx. 1200-1800. The collection and provision of data was realized in cooperation with three research offices at different European universities; University of Leiden (Prof. W.P. Blockmans), University of Leuven (Prof. E. van Cauwenberghe) and the central archive for empirical social research in Cologne (ZA-ZHSF, Prof. R. Metz). MEMDB consists of four big data sets which are independent from each other but can be combined to a whole “Master Data Set”. Content: - Currency Exchange Quotations by Peter Spufford: „Handbook of Medieval Exchange“, 1986. - Different price series by N.W. Posthumus: „Inquiry into History of Prices in Holland, Vol.1”, 1946. - Prices for grain and bread in Cologne by Dietrich Ebeling; Franz Irsigler: „Getreideumsatz, Getreide- und Brotpreise in Köln 1368-1797“, 1976/77 (2 volumes). - Fiat money values and gold and silver standards in Europe by Rainer Metz: „Geld, Währung und Preisentwicklung: Der Niederrheinraum im europäischen Vergleich 1350-1800“, Frankfurt/M. 1990. - Time series on prices, currencies and money rates for different European regions - Coin weights, coin rates and fiat money values in different cities form the Rhineland and Germany; - Fiat money systems of German and European cities. If there was data on gold and silver coins it is included in the currency system; - Weekly grain prices (average market price within a week) and weekly quantities on the Cologne grain market for different types of grain; calculated numbers for monthly and yearly values for grain and bread. This data bank implements a content based concept which gives the possibility to combine categorically comparable data in order to answer specific research questions.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1200 / 1800
Geographic Coverage
  • Europe
Collection Mode
  • Ebeling, Dietrich; Irsigler, Franz: Getreideumsatz, Getreide- und Brotpreise in Köln 1368-1797. Metz, Rainer: Geld, Währung und Preisentwicklung. Der Niederrheinraum im europäischen Vergleich: 1350-1800. Münzkurse, Rechengeldwerte und Gold/Silberverhältnisse in Europa. Posthumus, Nicolas W.: Inquiry into the History of Prices in Holland. Spufford, Peter: Handbook of Medieval Exchange. Royal Historical Society Guides & Handbooks, No. 13.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8150 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Bell, Rudolph M.: The Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank. In: Metz, Rainer; Van Cauwenberghe, Eddy; van der Voort, Roel (eds.): Historical Information Systems, Leuven: Leuven University Press 1990. S. 67-76.
  • Bell, Rudolph M.; Cauwenberghe, Eddi van: The Medieval and Early Modern Databank in Europe and North America. In: Best, Heinrich et al. (eds.): Computers in the Humanities and the Social Sciences, München: K.G. Saur 1991, S. 92-96.
  • Nahr, Heinrich: MEMDB – Eine moderne Datenbank zur Verwaltung historischer Zeitreihen? Köln: ZA-ZHSF 1995.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 90 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23

Bell, Rudolph M.; Howell, Martha C.; Metz, Rainer (2006): Informationsdatenbank zur mittelalterlichen und früh-neuzeitlichen Wirtschaftsentwicklung in Europa. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.