Cologne´s Grain Market 1773-1797

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Irsigler, Franz
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    Cologne´s grain market had still a supralocal importance in the end of the 18th century. The development of prices and the supply quantity of this market are representative for production and price structure of the entire Lower Rhine Region. Furthermore the data series are very well documented. Cologne´s council ran a systematical market observation study in order to calculate prices and weights of bread. Already in 1407 the grain prices were published on a weekly base through ‘Kornmesser’ and became thereby binding. Since 1531 the actual sold quantities of different types of grains were documented. These data series reach until 1797. In 1773 the notation system was changed by a new council regulation. Before this regulation only the most important prices were listed and then an average week price was calculated. After the regulation change all information from grain brokers, which included every single grain purchase, had to be listed in a special register. This Register therefor contains information on more than 40000 individual transactions from 1773 to 1797. Besides the data on prices, quantities and types of grain, it was also recorded if the transaction was executed between a foreigner and a person from Cologne or between two persons from Cologne. There is no single case of a transaction between two foreigners. This fact shows that the city of Cologne controlled the intermediate trade in the grain and bread sector. Furthermore there was a list of buyers and sellers, but there was no continuous information on the occupation for each person. Variables: - Grain prices and sold quantities for different grain types on Cologne´s grain market, - Information about buyers and sellers (name, occupation), - Direction of transaction (between two persons from Cologne, between one person from Cologne and a foreigner)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1773 / 1797
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
    Cologne Grain Market
Collection Mode
  • Register of Cologne´s grain market, 1773-1797
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 36040
    Number of Variables: 25
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8151 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Ebeling, Dietrich; Irsigler, Franz; Metz, Rainer: Getreideumsatz, Getreide- und Brotpreise in Köln 1368-1797. Dritter Teil: Der Kölner Getreidemarkt im ausgehenden 18. Jh. Köln, Wien: Böhlau Verlag 1980/1981. (Mitteilungen aus dem Stadtarchiv von Köln, 67. Heft)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 91 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23