My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: German English

Economic crisises and the revoltutions in Europe in 1848

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Berger, Helge (Freie Universität Berlin)
  • Spoerer, Mark (Universität Stuttgart-Hohenheim)
Publication Date
2002
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
Description
  • Abstract

    Central research question of the study: Recent historical studies tend to see the revolutions of 1848 caused by the emergence of radical ideas and a long-lasting phase of socio-economic problems. Many contemporary observers interpreted the events, however, as a consequence of direct economic reasons, in particular the dramatic food shortages that had to suffer the continent from 1845 to 1847, and the subsequent slump in industrial production. In applying quantitative standard methods to a data set of 27 European countries, Spoerer and Berger show that primarily immediately preceding grievances and fear of these grievances were basis, who had caused the European revolutions of 1848. Contents of the study are the grain prices in Europe for the years from 1815 to 1860. The price series are available for several European countries. Data can be downloaded via the online-database histat. Territory of investigation: Germany and it’s single territories: incl. Prussian provinces), Denmark, England, Finland, France (Seine-et-Oise), Lombardy (Milan), the Netherlands (Utrecht), Norway, Austria (Lower Austria, including Vienna), Portugal (Lisbon), Russia (Moscow), Spain (Barzelona), Sweden (Stockholm ), Switzerland, Hungary (Pest), Vatican (Rome). Survey method, sources: Publications of the official Statistics and of scientific literature. - Baden (BAD, Mannheim and Heidelberg): Grain prices in Germany since the end of the 18th Jahrunderts. In: Vierteljahreshefte zur Statistik des Deutschen Reichs 44 (1935), I.273-321. - Bavaria (BAV, Munich): Seuffert, George K.: Statistics of grain and victuals-commerce in the Kingdom of Bavaria, with consideration of other countries. Munich: Weiß, (1857), 124 - Belgium (Bel): Seuffert, George K.: Statistics of grain and victuals-commerce in the Kingdom of Bavaria, with consideration of other countries. Munich: Weiß, (1857), 401 - Bohemia (BOH, Prague): Schebek, Edmund: Collektiv exhibition of contributions to the history of the prize for the world exhibition in 1873 organized by the Vienna Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Prague. Prague: Mercy (1873), 99-101. - Brunswick (Bru): Soetbeer, Adolph: Contributions to the statistics of prices, Hamburg: Kuempel, (1858). - Bremen (Bremen): Gerhard, Hans-Jürgen and Kaufhold, Charles Henry: Prices in the pre-and early industrial Germany. Grundnahrumgsmittel. Göttingen: Schwartz (1990), 204 f - Denmark (Den, Copenhagen, 1819-1850): Weisz, B.: Grain prices in the XIX. Century, with particular reference to price fluctuations. In: Statistical monthly 3 (1877): 345-370, 393-401. Wheat prices 1819-32 extrapolated using rye prices listed in Földers (1905): Grain prices in the 19 Century, S. 489th The correlation between wheat and rye-series 1833-50 is 0.72. - England (eng; London): Rostow, Walt W.: British Economy of the Nineteenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1948. Likewise: Weisz, B.: Grain prices in the XIX. Century, with particular reference to price fluctuations. In: Statistische Monatsschrift 3 (1877): 345-370, 393-401. Crafts, N.F.R. and C. Knick Harley: Output Growth and the British Industrial Revolution. In: Economic History Review 45, no. 4 (1992), 703-730. - Finland (fin): Földers, Béla: Grain prices in 19th Century. In: Journal of Economics and Statistics. 3rd series 29 (1905), 467-518. - France (FRAN, district of Seine-et-Oise, surrounding Paris): Labrousse, Ernest, Ruggiero Romano and F.-G. Dreyfus: Le prix du froment en France au temps de la monnaie stable (1726-1913). Paris: SEVPEN, 1970. - Hamburg (HAM). Grain prices in Germany since the end of the 18th Jahrunderts. In: Vierteljahreshefte zur Statistik des Deutschen Reichs 44 (1935), I.273-321. - Hesse (HES, 1822-1850): Releases the Hessian Corporation for National Statistics 5 (1871). - Lombardy (LOM; Milan): Maddalena, Aldo de, e Prezzi Mercedi a Milano dal 1701 al 1860th. Milan: Banca Commerciale, 1974. - Mecklenburg (MEC; Rostock): Grain prices in the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin during the period from 1771 to 1870. Beiträge zur Statistik Mecklenburgs (Contributions to Statistics Mecklenburg) 7, no. 3/4 (1873). - Holland (Net; Utrecht): Posthumus, Nicolaas W. and F. Ketner: Inquiry into the History of Prices in Holland. Vol 2nd Leiden: Brill, 1964. - Norway (NOR; 1820-1850): Földers, Béla: Grain prices in the 19 Century. In: Journal of Economics and Statistics. 3rd series 29 (1905), 467-518. - Austria (AUS, Lower Austria, Vienna contains): Földers, Béla: Grain prices in the 19 Century. In: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik. (Journal of Economics and Statistics.) 3rd series 29 (1905), 467-518. - Oldenburg (Old; rye prices from 1817 to 1850): the average price of grain and some other food in the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg from 1817 to 1858. Statistische Nachrichten über das Grossherzogthum Oldenburg (Statistical news of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg), 4 (1860), 1-43. - Prussia (PRU; Berlin): 1815: Seuffert, George K.: Statistics of grain and victuals-commerce in the Kingdom of Bavaria, with consideration of other countries. Munich: Weiß, (1857), 386 1816-1860: Angel, Ernst, The grain prices, crop yields, and the grain trade in the Prussian state. In: Zeitschrift des Königlichen Preussischen Statistischen Bureaus (Journal of the Royal Prussian Statistical Bureau) 1 (1861): 249-89. Blumenberg, Horst: The German textile industry in the Industrial Revolution. Berlin: Akademie, 1965. - Russia (RUS, Moscow, rye prices): Mironov, Boris N.: Chlebnye ceny v Rossii za dva stoletija (XVIII-XIX vv.). Leningrad: Nauka, 1985. - Saxony (SAX, Dresden 1820-1850). Mittheilungen des statistischen Vereins für das Königreich Sachsen (Narrative of statistical association for the Kingdom of Saxony) 2 (1832), 66f, (1820-31; obvious misprint for 1821 corrected). Seuffert, George K.: Statistics of grain and victuals-commerce in the Kingdom of Bavaria, with consideration of other countries. Munich: Weiß, (1857), 375 (1832-1850). - Sweden (swe, Stockholm): Jörberg lennart,: A History of Prices in Sweden 1732-1914. First volume Lund: CWK Gleerup, 1972, 124-127. Schön, Lennart: Historiska nationalräkenskaper för Sverige: Industri och Hantverk 1800-1980. Lund: Ekonomisk-Historika föreningen, 1988. - Switzerland: (swi): Historical Statistics of Switzerland. Zurich. Chronos in 1996, 480 - Spain (spa; Barzelona) Price Index (1913 = 100) of Sardà, Juan La Politica y las Monetaria fluctaciones Economia de la española en el siglo XIX. Madrid, Diana, 1948, 303-305. Rebased in prices by Consejo Superior Bancario. Dictamen de la Comisión nombrada por Real orden de 9 de enero de 1929, para el estudio de la implantación del patrón de oro Madrid: Samaran, 1929. - Hungary (Pest, 1819-1850): Földers, Béla: Grain prices in the 19 Century. In: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik. (Journal of Economics and Statistics.) 3rd series 29 (1905), 467-518. - Vatican (Rome): Földers, Béla: Grain prices in the 19 Century. In: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik. (Journal of Economics and Statistics.) 3rd series 29 (1905), 467-518. - Württemberg (WUR): Mährlen, Hermann and O. Trüdinger: The average price of corn in Württemberg, 1766-1895. Württembergische Jahrbücher für Statistik und Landeskunde (Württembergische Yearbooks of Statistics and Geography) (1896), II.117-122.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1815 / 1860
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
  • Denmark (Copenhagen)
  • England (London)
  • Finland
  • France (Seine-et-Oise)
  • Lombardia (Milano)
  • Netherlands (Utrecht)
  • Norway
  • Austria (1806-1918) (AAAT)
    Lower Austria, incl. Vienna
  • Portugal (Lisboa)
  • Russia (Moscow)
  • Spain (Barcelona)
  • Sweden (Stockholm)
  • Switzerland
  • Hungary (Pest)
  • Vatican City State (Roma)
Collection Mode
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 46
    Number of Variables: 35
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8153 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Berger, Helge; Spoerer, Mark: Economic Crisis and the European Revolutions of 1848. In: The Journal of Economic History, 2001, Vol. 61, No. 2, 293-326.
  • Berger, Helge; Spoerer, Mark: Nicht Ideen, sondern Hunger? Wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in Vormärz und Revolution 1848 in Deutschland und Europa. In: Lagewiesche, Dieter (Hrsg.): Demokratiebewegung und Revolution 1847 bis 1849. Internationale Aspekte und europäische Verbindungen, Karlsruhe 1998, S. 140-326.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-29 | Issue Number: 51 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23

Berger, Helge; Spoerer, Mark (2002): Wirtschaftskrisen und die europäische Revolutionen von 1848. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.8153