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Statitics of the inland navigation in Germany, 1835-1989

Resource Type
  • Kunz, Andreas (Institut für Europäische Geschichte Universität Mainz)
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    The study´s content: The study is the second one in a series of manuals on historical statistical data of traffic in Germany since 1835. It is based on work that had been taken in the context of a project on ´historical traffic statistics from Germany 1835 - to in 1989”, funded by the German Research Foundation from 1986 to 1991 and performed at the Department of Economic and Social History at the Free University of Berlin and the Institute for European History in Mainz (according to the objectives and aims of the project in detail see Fremdling, R / Kunz, A., 1990. Historische Verkehrsstatistik von Deutschland, in: Diederich, N./Hölder, E./Kunz, A.: Historische Statistik in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Stuttgart, S. 90-106)). The project itself was located within the priority program ´Sources and Research on Historical Statistics of Germany´ and is therefore committed to the fundamental goals and objectives of this priority program with the aim to serve the historical basic research. (see: Fischer, W/Kunz, A., 1992: Quellen und Forschungen zur Historischen Statistik von Deutschland, Wiesbaden; Schriftenreihe Ausgewählte Arbeitsunterlagen zur Bundesstatistik, hrsg. vom Statistischen Bundesamt, Heft 26). All volumes of traffic statistics is based on a unified survey concept, even though they deal with different modes of transport, which is based on the production function of the sector ´traffic´. Information and quantitative data on the use of factors (capital stock, supplies, labor) and the output of products (transportation services) are collected. The capital stock was distinguished between the actual infrastructure (the roads and stations) and the resources (ships, locomotives, cars, etc.). Information on physical sizes were, as far as was reasonably possible and in source terms acceptable, supplemented by value calculations from the source. The tables of the manual are divided into two main sections. In Part A long time series are presented, that is Tables, which usually involve more than one of the three major periods of the period (1835-1871, 1872-1945, 1946/49-1989). In this part all weights and other measurements have been converted into metric values. Part B contains tables, which also having time series character, but will usually cover only one of the three time periods. On the basis ot the source material’s main periods the following division in time periods of the data is made: first the statistics of the German states (German Confederation or German Customs Union from 1835 to 1871) and second the statistics of the German Empire (German Reich 1872-1945). The data-tables of part A and part B contain the following information: Part A A.1 length and expansion of waterways: Due to the information provided by the sources the extension of the canals is reported either on the maximum draft of vessels they be traveled (in meters) or by those maximum capacity (tonnes). A.2 ship inventory (barges): Documents the number, capacity and engine power of the domestic fleet. A.3 cargo handling in inland ports: Reported data are for total envelope and envelope type of freight to the more important inland ports. As this envelope type apply invitation (or costs) or throat (or reception) of goods. A.3 cargo handling in inland ports: Reported data are for total transshipment and transshipment type of freight of the more important inland ports. The dispatch and reception of goods is considered as transshipment type. A.4 traffic volume at transit points: In this table the transit of goods at major counting points (locks and border points) and additionally the main direction of the transport (driving uphill or downhill / up- or downstream) is reported. A5 traffic capacity on inland waterways: This standardized basic table on hand contains official calculations for production result of inland navigation, the so-called tonnage/kilometer performance (tkm). They are based on the transported freight volumes on inland waterways and the related distance traveled. It should be noted that the tonnage/kilometer performance typically is specified in million tonne-kilometers (million tkm). Part B B.1 German Confederation or German Customs Union. Traffic and cargo handling of ports and transit points (1835 - 1872): Of particular importance is the inclusion of transported goods, which are represented in the greatest possible variety. The development of steam navigation, as a new technology system of this era, was observed specifically. B.2 German Empire. Traffic volume of selected ports and transit points (1773-1945): Information about the amount of traffic on ports and inland transit points on inland waterways. The type, number and size (capacity>) of the ship vessels, the amount of transported goods on them, comments on the entire waterway and to the raft, and the total freight traffic are reported. Information on the traffic volume by the nationality of vessels (flags) will be provided at relevant counting points (eg border posts). B.3 German Empire: Freight of selected ports and transit points, 1873 - 1913: In each case separately for the lower and upper drive (up- and downstream) (at passage points) or after arrival and departure of goods (at ports) will indicate the overall traffic and then communicated mainly by selected individual goods, the conversion was in metric tons. (Quote from: Kunz, Andreas (eds.), pp. 25-29). Territory of investigation: Germany: German Empire in the borders of 1871 or its precursor (before 1871 the German territory without Alsace-Lorraine, the German Confederation without Austria, German Customs Union) and successor states (the Federal Republic of Germany before 3rd Okt. 1990 and former East Germany). Waterway areas: Following the empire statistics further regional breakdown is based on a total of nine waterway areas: East and West Prussia waterways, or area, Märkische waterways, same area, Weser area, Ems-Jade Canal area and north-western German territory, the Rhine basin, the Danube area, the Midland Canal. Sources: Source types to the survey period from 1835 to 1872: archives, printed official statistics, Chamber of Commerce reports, parliamentary material, operational reports, contemporary statistical literature. Source types to the period of the Empire Statistics (1873-1945): The central official statistics. The period 1946/49 to 1989: From 1950 to the Federal Republic, the results of surveys on the inland waterways of the Federal Statistical Office statistics available (Federal Statistical Office, subject-matter series and Statistical Yearbook). Also recalculations on the years 1938 to 1949 were published in the Federal Statistics. The GDR has published during the period of its existence at best partial results of its inland waterways statistics in the statistical yearbook of the GDR. The re-calculation of data that can be seen as reliable and published in connection with the merger of the statistical offices, has been considered in some tables.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1835 / 1989
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • German Democratic Republic (1949-1990) (DDDE)
Collection Mode
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 154
    Number of Variables: 8461
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8157 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Kunz, Andreas (Hrsg.): Statistik der Binnenschifffahrt in Deutschland 1835-1989. Quellen und Forschungen zur Historischen Statistik von Deutschland, Band 18/1 und Band 18/2, St. Katharinen, Scripta Mercaturae, 1999.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-29 | Issue Number: 51 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23

Kunz, Andreas (2003): Statistik der Binnenschifffahrt in Deutschland 1835-1989. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.