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metadata language: German

Data from the paper: All’s Bad That Ends Bad: There Is a Peak-End Memory Bias in Anxiety

Version
1
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Müller, Ulrich W. D.
  • Witteman, Cilia L. M.
  • Spijker, Jan
  • Alpers, Georg W.
Publication Date
2019-06-12
Free Keywords
anxiety, memory bias, recall bias, peak-end bias, exposure
Description
  • Abstract

    The peak-end memory bias has been well documented for the retrospective evaluation of pain. It describes that the retrospective evaluation of pain is largely based on the discomfort experienced at the most intense point (peak) and at the end of the episode. This is notable because it means that longer episodes with a better ending can be remembered as less aversive than shorter ones; this is even if the former had the same peak in painfulness and an overall longer duration of pain. Until now, this bias has not been studied in the domain of anxiety despite the high relevance of variable levels of anxiety in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Therefore, we set out to replicate the original studies but with an induction of variable levels of anxiety. Of 64 women, half watched a clip from a horror movie which ended at the most frightening moment. The other half watched an extended version of this clip with a moderately frightening ending. Afterward, all participants were asked to rate the global anxiety which was elicited by the video. When the film ended at the most frightening moment, participants retrospectively reported more anxiety than participants who watched the extended version. This is the first study to document that the peak-end bias can be found in the domain of anxiety. These findings require replication and extension to a treatment context to evaluate its implications for exposure therapy.

Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Other
    Number of Units: 1
    • File Name: Readme.txt
      File Format: text/plain
      File Size: 924
      Data Fingerprint: 3b9d4684c59cf7efeac59f5cd18fb84d
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
  • Unit Type: Other
    Number of Units: 1
    • File Name: Methods.7z
      File Format: application/x-7z-compressed
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      Data Fingerprint: 45d6beafa3346a93f1cc8aab5d5d9dfb
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
  • Unit Type: Other
    Number of Units: 1
    • File Name: Data.7z
      File Format: application/x-7z-compressed
      File Size: 108726
      Data Fingerprint: 3f7abac14ad24827c7878717dfa903d2
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
  • Unit Type: Other
    Number of Units: 1
    • File Name: Müller, Witteman, Spijker, & Alpers (2019) All’s Bad That Ends Bad There Is a Peak-End Memory Bias in Anxiety.pdf
      File Format: application/pdf
      File Size: 612384
      Data Fingerprint: 18fff9c5368316ba27bc57df20fdb923
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
Availability
Delivery
send a request to u.mueller@blueroad.de or alpers@uni-mannheim.de
Relations
  • References
    DOI: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01272

Update Metadata: 2019-09-23 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2019-09-23

Müller, Ulrich W. D.; Witteman, Cilia L. M.; Spijker, Jan; Alpers, Georg W. (2019): Data from the paper: All’s Bad That Ends Bad: There Is a Peak-End Memory Bias in Anxiety. Version: 1. Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.7801/311