My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Pittsburgh Youth Study Demographic Constructs, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1987-2001

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Loeber, Rolf
  • Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda
  • Farrington, David P.
  • Pardini, Dustin
Other Title
  • PYS Demographic Constructs, 1987-2001 (Alternative Title)
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency Series
Publication Date
2019-09-30
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
  • Pew Charitable Trusts
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
crime control; crime patterns; crime prediction; delinquent behavior; demographic characteristics; juvenile crime; juvenile justice; juvenile offenders; juvenile recidivists; parent child relationship; parental influence; school age children
Description
  • Abstract

    The Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS) is part of the larger "Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency" initiated by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in 1986. PYS aims to document the development of antisocial and delinquent behavior from childhood to early adulthood, the risk factors that impinge on that development, and help seeking and service provision of boys' behavior problems. The study also focuses on boys' development of alcohol and drug use, and internalizing problems. PYS consists of three cohorts of boys who were in the first, fourth, and seventh grades in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania public schools during the 1987-1988 academic year (called the youngest, middle, and oldest cohorts, respectively). Using a screening risk score that measured each boy's antisocial behavior, boys identified at the top 30 percent within each grade cohort on the screening risk measure (n=~250), as well as an equal number of boys randomly selected from the remainder (n=~250), were selected for follow-up. Consequently, the final sample for the study consisted of 1,517 total students selected for follow-up. 506 of these students were in the oldest sample, 508 were in the middle sample, and 503 were in the youngest sample. Assessments were conducted semiannually and then annually using multiple informants (i.e., boys, parents, and teachers) between 1987 and 2010. The youngest cohort was assessed from ages 6-19 and again at ages 25 and 28. The middle cohort was assessed from ages 9-13 and again at age 23. The oldest cohort was assessed from ages 13-25, with an additional assessment at age 35. Information has been collected on a broad range of risk and protective factors across multiple domains (e.g., individual, family, peer, school, and neighborhood). Measures of conduct problems, substance use/abuse, criminal behavior, mental health problems have been collected. This collection contains data and syntax files for demographic constructs. The datasets include constructs on repeated grade status, demographic information of participants, participants' biological mother, biological father, female caretaker, and male caretaker, change of caretaker since last phase, number of family members and other adults or children in the home, family structure, followup participation by youth, caretaker, and teacher, and housing characteristics. The demographic constructs were created by using the PYS raw data. The raw data are available at ICPSR in the following studies: Pittsburgh Youth Study Youngest Sample (1987 - 2001) [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania], Pittsburgh Youth Study Middle Sample (1987 - 1991) [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania], and Pittsburgh Youth Study Oldest Sample (1987 - 2000) [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania].
  • Abstract

    The Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS) is a part of the Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency (Causes and Correlates), initiated in 1986 by the United States Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Causes and Correlates is designed to improve the understanding of serious delinquency, violence, and drug use by examining how youth develop within the context of family, school, peers, and community. Specifically, PYS aims to document the development of antisocial and delinquent behavior from childhood to early adulthood, the risk factors that impinge on that development, and help seeking and service provision of boys' behavior problems. It also focuses on boys' development of alcohol and drug use, and internalizing problems. Additionally, the study provides an excellent real-life laboratory for advancing and testing hypothesized developmental pathways.
  • Methods

    Variables for demographic constructs include constructs on repeated grade status, demographic information of participants, participants' biological mother, biological father, female caretaker, and male caretaker, change of caretaker since last phase, number of family members and other adults or children in the home, family structure, followup participation by youth, caretaker, and teacher, and housing characteristics.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Participant retention for the Pittsburgh Youth Study has historically been high (mean=91 percent), with 82 percent of living participants completing the most recent interview conducted in 2010.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Phase A All Samples Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - A3XBIOFM
    • DS2: Phase A All Samples SES, Unemployment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers Constructs - A3XDEMO
    • DS3: Phase A All Samples Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - A3XFAMST
    • DS4: Phase A All Samples Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - A3XHOUSQ
    • DS5: Phase AA Youngest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status Constructs - AAYBIOFM
    • DS6: Phase AA Youngest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - AAYDEMO
    • DS7: Phase AA Youngest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - AAYFAMST
    • DS8: Phase AA Youngest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - AAYFOLLO
    • DS9: Phase AA Youngest Sample Housing Quality Construct - AAYHOUSQ
    • DS10: Phase B All Samples Repeated Grade Construct - B3XAGERP
    • DS11: Phase B All Samples Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - B3XBIOFM
    • DS12: Phase B All Samples SES, Employment, Education, and Marital Status of Caretakers Constructs - B3XDEMO
    • DS13: Phase B All Samples Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - B3XFAMST
    • DS14: Phase B All Samples Followup Participation Constructs - B3XFOLLO
    • DS15: Phase B All Samples Housing Quality Construct - B3XHOUSQ
    • DS16: Phase C All Samples Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - C3XBIOFM
    • DS17: Phase C All Samples SES, Employment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers Constructs - C3XDEMO
    • DS18: Phase C All Samples Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - C3XFAMST
    • DS19: Phase C All Samples Followup Participation Constructs - C3XFOLLO
    • DS20: Phase C All Samples Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - C3XHOUSQ
    • DS21: Phase D All Samples Repeated Grade Construct - D3XAGERP
    • DS22: Phase D All Samples Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - D3XBIOFM
    • DS23: Phase D All Samples SES, Employment, Education, and Marital Status of Caretakers Constructs - D3XDEMO
    • DS24: Phase D All Samples Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - D3XFAMST
    • DS25: Phase D All Samples Followup Participation Constructs - D3XFOLLO
    • DS26: Phase D All Samples Housing Quality Construct - D3XHOUSQ
    • DS27: Phase E Oldest Sample Repeated Grade Construct - E3OAGERP
    • DS28: Phase E All Samples Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - E3XBIOFM
    • DS29: Phase E All Samples SES, Employment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers Constructs - E3XDEMO
    • DS30: Phase E All Samples Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - E3XFAMST
    • DS31: Phase E All Samples Followup Participation Constructs - E3XFOLLO
    • DS32: Phase E All Samples Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - E3XHOUSQ
    • DS33: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Repeated Grade Construct - F3NAGERP
    • DS34: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - F3NBIOFM
    • DS35: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples SES, Employment, Education, and Marital Status of Caretakers Constructs - F3NDEMO
    • DS36: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - F3NFAMST
    • DS37: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Followup Participation Constructs - F3NFOLLO
    • DS38: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Housing Quality Construct - F3NHOUSQ
    • DS39: Phase G Oldest Sample Repeated Grade Construct - G3OAGERP
    • DS40: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - G3WBIOFM
    • DS41: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples SES, Employment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers Constructs - G3WDEMO
    • DS42: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker - G3WFAMST
    • DS43: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Followup Participation Constructs - G3WFOLLO
    • DS44: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - G3WHOUSQ
    • DS45: Phase H Youngest Sample Repeated Grade Construct - H3YAGERP
    • DS46: Phase H Youngest Sample Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - H3YBIOFM
    • DS47: Phase H Youngest Sample SES, Employment, Education, and Marital Status of Caretakers Constructs - H3YDEMO
    • DS48: Phase H Youngest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - H3YFAMST
    • DS49: Phase H Youngest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - H3YFOLLO
    • DS50: Phase H Youngest Sample Housing Quality Construct - H3YHOUSQ
    • DS51: Phase I Oldest Sample Repeated Grade Construct - I3OAGERP
    • DS52: Phase I Oldest Sample Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - I3OBIOFM
    • DS53: Phase I Oldest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers, and the Income of Participants - I3ODEMO
    • DS54: Phase I Oldest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - I3OFAMST
    • DS55: Phase I Oldest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - I3OFOLLO
    • DS56: Phase I Oldest Sample Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - I3OHOUSQ
    • DS57: Phase J Youngest Sample Repeated Grade Construct - J3YAGERP
    • DS58: Phase J Youngest Sample Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - J3YBIOFM
    • DS59: Phase J Youngest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers Constructs - J3YDEMO
    • DS60: Phase J Youngest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - J3YFAMST
    • DS61: Phase J Youngest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - J3YFOLLO
    • DS62: Phase J Youngest Sample Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - J3YHOUSQ
    • DS63: Phase K Oldest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status Constructs - K3OBIOFM
    • DS64: Phase K Oldest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - K3ODEMO
    • DS65: Phase K Oldest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - K3OFAMST
    • DS66: Phase K Oldest Sample Followup Participation Construct - K3OFOLLO
    • DS67: Phase L Youngest Sample Repeated Grade Construct - L3YAGERP
    • DS68: Phase L Youngest Sample Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - L3YBIOFM
    • DS69: Phase L Youngest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers - L3YDEMO
    • DS70: Phase L Youngest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - L3YFAMST
    • DS71: Phase L Youngest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - L3YFOLLO
    • DS72: Phase L Youngest Sample Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - L3YHOUSQ
    • DS73: Phase M Oldest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status Constructs - M3OBIOFM
    • DS74: Phase M Oldest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - M3ODEMO
    • DS75: Phase M Oldest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - M3OFAMST
    • DS76: Phase M Oldest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - M3OFOLLO
    • DS77: Phase N Youngest Sample Repeated Grade Construct - N3YAGERP
    • DS78: Phase N Youngest Sample Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - N3YBIOFM
    • DS79: Phase N Youngest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers Constructs - N3YDEMO
    • DS80: Phase N Youngest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - N3YFAMST
    • DS81: Phase N Youngest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - N3YFOLLO
    • DS82: Phase N Youngest Sample Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - N3YHOUSQ
    • DS83: Phase O Oldest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status Constructs - O3OBIOFM
    • DS84: Phase O Oldest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - O3ODEMO
    • DS85: Phase O Oldest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - O3OFAMST
    • DS86: Phase O Oldest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - O3OFOLLO
    • DS87: Phase P Youngest Sample Repeated Grade Construct - P3YAGERP
    • DS88: Phase P Youngest Sample Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - P3YBIOFM
    • DS89: Phase P Youngest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers and Employment and Income of the Participant Constructs - P3YDEMO
    • DS90: Phase P Youngest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - P3YFAMST
    • DS91: Phase P Youngest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - P3YFOLLO
    • DS92: Phase P Youngest Sample Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - P3YHOUSQ
    • DS93: Phase Q Oldest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status constructs - Q3OBIOFM
    • DS94: Phase Q Oldest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - Q3ODEMO
    • DS95: Phase Q Oldest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - Q3OFAMST
    • DS96: Phase Q Oldest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - Q3OFOLLO
    • DS97: Phase R Youngest Sample Repeated Grade Construct - R3YAGERP
    • DS98: Phase R Youngest Sample Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - R3YBIOFM
    • DS99: Phase R Youngest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers and Employment and Income of the Participant Constructs - R3YDEMO
    • DS100: Phase R Youngest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - R3YFAMST
    • DS101: Phase R Youngest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - R3YFOLLO
    • DS102: Phase R Youngest Sample Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - R3YHOUSQ
    • DS103: Phase S All Samples On-Off Age For Grade Construct - S3XAGERP
    • DS104: Phase S All Samples Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - S3XBIOFM
    • DS105: Phase S All Samples SES, Education, Race/Ethnicity, and Marital Status of Caretakers, and Race/Ethnicity of Participant Constructs - S3XDEMO
    • DS106: Phase S All Samples Family Structure and People Living in the Home and Siblings Constructs - S3XFAMST
    • DS107: Phase SS Oldest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status Constructs - SSOBIOFM
    • DS108: Phase SS Oldest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - SSODEMO
    • DS109: Phase SS Oldest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - SSOFAMST
    • DS110: Phase SS Oldest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - SSOFOLLO
    • DS111: Phase T Youngest Sample Participant's Biological Parents Constructs - T3YBIOFM
    • DS112: Phase T Youngest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, Public Assistance, and Marital Status of Caretakers and Employment and Income of the Participant Constructs - T3YDEMO
    • DS113: Phase T Youngest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home, Siblings, and Changes of Caretaker Constructs - T3YFAMST
    • DS114: Phase T Youngest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - T3YFOLLO
    • DS115: Phase T Youngest Sample Housing Quality, Size of House, and Crowded Home Constructs - T3YHOUSQ
    • DS116: Phase U Oldest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status Constructs - U3OBIOFM
    • DS117: Phase U Oldest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - U3ODEMO
    • DS118: Phase U Oldest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - U3OFAMST
    • DS119: Phase U Oldest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - U3OFOLLO
    • DS120: Phase V Youngest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status Constructs - V3YBIOFM
    • DS121: Phase V Youngest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - V3YDEMO
    • DS122: Phase V Youngest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - V3YFAMST
    • DS123: Phase V Youngest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - V3YFOLLO
    • DS124: Phase V Youngest Sample Housing Quality Construct - V3YHOUSQ
    • DS125: Phase W Oldest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status Constructs - W3OBIOFM
    • DS126: Phase W Oldest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - W3ODEMO
    • DS127: Phase W Oldest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - W3OFAMST
    • DS128: Phase W Oldest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - W3OFOLLO
    • DS129: Phase W Oldest Sample Housing Quality Construct - W3OHOUSQ
    • DS130: Phase Y Youngest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status Constructs - Y3YBIOFM
    • DS131: Phase Y Youngest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - Y3YDEMO
    • DS132: Phase Y Youngest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - Y3YFAMST
    • DS133: Phase Y Youngest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - Y3YFOLLO
    • DS134: Phase Y Youngest Sample Housing Quality Construct - Y3YHOUSQ
    • DS135: Phase Z Oldest Sample Biological Father Living Status and Biological Mother Living Status Constructs - ZZOBIOFM
    • DS136: Phase Z Oldest Sample SES, Employment, Education, Income, and Public Assistance of Participants Constructs - ZZODEMO
    • DS137: Phase Z Oldest Sample Family Structure and People Living in the Home Constructs - ZZOFAMST
    • DS138: Phase Z Oldest Sample Followup Participation Constructs - ZZOFOLLO
    • DS139: Phase Z Oldest Sample Housing Quality Construct - ZZOHOUSQ
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1987--1991
  • 1987 / 1991
  • Time period: 1991--2001
  • 1991 / 2001
  • Time period: 2006--2007
  • 2006 / 2007
  • Time period: 2009--2010
  • 2009 / 2010
  • Collection date: 1987
  • Collection date: 1987
  • Collection date: 1988
  • Collection date: 1988
  • Collection date: 1989
  • Collection date: 1989
  • Collection date: 1990
  • Collection date: 1990
  • Collection date: 1991
  • Collection date: 1991
  • Collection date: 1992
  • Collection date: 1992
  • Collection date: 1993
  • Collection date: 1993
  • Collection date: 1994
  • Collection date: 1994
  • Collection date: 1995
  • Collection date: 1995
  • Collection date: 1996
  • Collection date: 1996
  • Collection date: 1997
  • Collection date: 1997
  • Collection date: 1998
  • Collection date: 1998
  • Collection date: 1999
  • Collection date: 1999
  • Collection date: 2000
  • Collection date: 2000
  • Collection date: 2001
  • Collection date: 2001
  • Collection date: 2006--2007
  • 2006 / 2007
  • Collection date: 2009--2010
  • 2009 / 2010
Geographic Coverage
  • Pennsylvania
  • Pittsburgh
  • United States
Sampled Universe
This study collection contains those students, and their parents, who were in first, fourth, or seventh grade during the 1987-1988 school year.
Sampling
The initial sample for the Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS) was selected with the assistance of the Pittsburgh Board of Education in 1987. PYS researchers started out with comprehensive public school lists of the enrollment of 1,631, 1,432, and 1,419 male students in grades 1, 4, and 7 during the 1987-1988 school year respectively. From these lists, researchers randomly selected about 1,100 boys in each of the three grades to be contacted (1,165, 1,146, and 1,125 in grades 1, 4, and 7, respectively). However, a number of the children had moved out of the school district, proved to be girls, or were of incorrect age and were therefore not eligible participants. Eventually, 1,006, 1,004, and 998 families with eligible boys in grades 1, 4, and 7, respectively, were contacted. Boys in grade 1 became the "youngest" sample, boys in grade 4 became the "middle" sample, and boys in grade 7 became the "oldest" sample. From this contact, 84.6 percent, 86.3 percent, and 83.9 percent of the eligible boys in the youngest, middle, and oldest samples respectively chose to participate in PYS. In order to increase the number of high-risk males in the sample, researchers used a screening assessment on a subset of the boys during the first phase of the study, Phase S. Risk scores from this screening assessment measured each boy's antisocial behavior using parent, teacher, and self-report instruments. Within each grade-based sample, boys identified at the top 30 percent on the screening risk measure (n=~250), as well as an equal number of boys randomly selected from the remaining 70 percent (n=~250), were selected for follow-up in subsequent phases (Phase A- Phase DD). This resulted in the final samples of 503, 508, and 506 boys in grades 1, 4, and 7, respectively, who together with their parent were to be followed up. The youngest sample (N=503) and the oldest sample (N=506) have been assessed continuously since 1987, while the middle sample (N=508) was only assessed seven times from ages 10-13. Assessments of each of the cohorts were carried out initially half-yearly, and later yearly. When the assessment periods switched from six months to one year, the youngest sample was interviewed every spring and the oldest sample every fall. Each phase letter still represents a six-month period. Thus, all the phases from H through AA have data for only one sample.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview
  • mail questionnaire
  • paper and pencil interview (PAPI)
  • self-enumerated questionnaire
  • on-site questionnaire
  • telephone interview
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37350 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2019-09-30 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-09-30

Loeber, Rolf; Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda; Farrington, David P.; Pardini, Dustin (2019): Pittsburgh Youth Study Demographic Constructs, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1987-2001. Version 1. Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37350.v1