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Pittsburgh Youth Study Family Constructs, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1987-2001

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Loeber, Rolf
  • Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda
  • Farrington, David P.
  • Pardini, Dustin
Other Title
  • PYS Family Constructs, 1987-2001 (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency Series
Publication Date
2019-09-30
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
  • Pew Charitable Trusts
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
child development; crime control; family conflict; family relationships; parent child relationship; parenting skills; punishment; school age children; siblings
Description
  • Abstract

    The Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS) is part of the larger "Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency" initiated by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in 1986. PYS aims to document the development of antisocial and delinquent behavior from childhood to early adulthood, the risk factors that impinge on that development, and help seeking and service provision of boys' behavior problems. The study also focuses on boys' development of alcohol and drug use, and internalizing problems. PYS consists of three samples of boys who were in the first, fourth, and seventh grades in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania public schools during the 1987-1988 academic year (called the youngest, middle, and oldest sample, respectively). Using a screening risk score that measured each boy's antisocial behavior, boys identified at the top 30 percent within each grade sample on the screening risk measure (n=~250), as well as an equal number of boys randomly selected from the remainder (n=~250), were selected for follow-up. Consequently, the final sample for the study consisted of 1,517 total students selected for follow-up. 506 of these students were in the oldest sample, 508 were in the middle sample, and 503 were in the youngest sample. Assessments were conducted semiannually and then annually using multiple informants (i.e., boys, parents, teachers) between 1987 and 2010. The youngest sample was assessed from ages 6-19 and again at ages 25 and 28. The middle sample was assessed from ages 9-13 and again at age 23. The oldest sample was assessed from ages 13-25, with an additional assessment at age 35. Information has been collected on a broad range of risk and protective factors across multiple domains (e.g., individual, family, peer, school, neighborhood). Measures of conduct problems, substance use/abuse, criminal behavior, mental health problems have been collected. This collection contains data and syntax files for family interaction constructs. The datasets include constructs on: relationships and communication with parents/caretakers; parental monitoring and caretaker supervision; counter-control by the child; family involvement, including getting along with siblings; persistence of discipline; physical punishment; caretaker anti-social attitudes; positive parenting; and quality time. The family constructs were created by using the PYS raw data. The raw data are available at ICPSR in the following studies: Pittsburgh Youth Study Youngest Sample (1987 - 2001) [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania], Pittsburgh Youth Study Middle Sample (1987 - 1991) [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania] , and Pittsburgh Youth Study Oldest Sample (1987 - 2000) [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania].
  • Abstract

    The Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS) is a part of the Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency (Causes and Correlates), initiated in 1986 by the United States Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Causes and Correlates is designed to improve the understanding of serious delinquency, violence, and drug use by examining how youth develop within the context of family, school, peers, and community. Specifically, PYS aims to document the development of antisocial and delinquent behavior from childhood to early adulthood, the risk factors that impinge on that development, and help seeking and service provision of boys' behavior problems. It also focuses on boys' development of alcohol and drug use, and internalizing problems. Additionally, the study serves as a real-life laboratory for advancing and testing hypothesized developmental pathways.
  • Methods

    The datasets include constructs on: relationships and communication with parents/caretakers, parental monitoring and caretaker supervision, counter-control by the child, family involvement (including getting along with siblings), persistence of discipline, physical punishment, caretaker anti-social attitudes, positive parenting, and quality time.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Participant retention for the Pittsburgh Youth Study has historically been high (mean=91 percent), with 82 percent of living participants completing the most recent interview conducted in 2010.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Phase A All Samples Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - A3XBDREL
    • DS2: Phase A All Samples Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - A3XCCSUP
    • DS3: Phase A All Samples Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - A3XCOUCO
    • DS4: Phase A All Samples Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - A3XFAMCO
    • DS5: Phase A All Samples Get Along With Siblings (P) (C) and (PC) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - A3XGETAL
    • DS6: Phase A All Samples Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Male Caretaker/Child Communication (C), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - A3XPCOMM
    • DS7: Phase A All Samples Persistence of Discipline Constructs - A3XPDISP
    • DS8: Phase A All Samples Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - A3XPHYPN
    • DS9: Phase A All Samples Positive Parenting Constructs about Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker (C) and (PC), and Male Caretaker (C) - A3XPOSPC
    • DS10: Phase A All Samples Caretaker Antisocial Attitude Constructs - A3XPPERC
    • DS11: Phase A All Samples Male, Female, Primary, and Secondary Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - A3XTIMET
    • DS12: Phase AA Youngest Sample Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (C) Constructs - AAYBDREL
    • DS13: Phase AA Youngest Sample Get Along With Female Siblings, Get Along With Male Siblings, Get Along With All Siblings, Get Along With Household Members Constructs - AAYGETAL
    • DS14: Phase B All Samples Relationship with Female Caretaker (C) and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - B3XBDREL
    • DS15: Phase B All Samples Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - B3XCCSUP
    • DS16: Phase B All Samples Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - B3XCOUCO
    • DS17: Phase B All Samples Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - B3XFAMCO
    • DS18: Phase B All Samples Get Along With Other Children in Home (C) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - B3XGETAL
    • DS19: Phase B All Samples Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - B3XPCOMM
    • DS20: Phase B All Samples Persistence of Discipline Constructs - B3XPDISP
    • DS21: Phase B All Samples Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - B3XPHYPN
    • DS22: Phase B All Samples Positive Parenting Constructs about Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) and Female Caretaker (C) and (PC) - B3XPOSPC
    • DS23: Phase B All Samples Primary and Female Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - B3XTIMET
    • DS24: Phase C All Samples Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - C3XBDREL
    • DS25: Phase C All Samples Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - C3XCCSUP
    • DS26: Phase C All Samples Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - C3XCOUCO
    • DS27: Phase C All Samples Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - C3XFAMCO
    • DS28: Phase C All Samples Get Along With Siblings (P) (C) and (PC) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - C3XGETAL
    • DS29: Phase C All Samples Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Male Caretaker/Child Communication (C), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - C3XPCOMM
    • DS30: Phase C All Samples Persistence of Discipline Constructs - C3XPDISP
    • DS31: Phase C All Samples Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - C3XPHYPN
    • DS32: Phase C All Samples Positive Parenting Constructs about Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker (C) and (PC), and Male Caretaker (C) - C3XPOSPC
    • DS33: Phase C All Samples Male, Female, Primary, and Secondary Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - C3XTIMET
    • DS34: Phase D All Samples Relationship with Female Caretaker (C) and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - D3XBDREL
    • DS35: Phase D All Samples Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - D3XCCSUP
    • DS36: Phase D All Samples Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - D3XCOUCO
    • DS37: Phase D All Samples Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - D3XFAMCO
    • DS38: Phase D All Samples Get Along With Other Children in Home (C) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - D3XGETAL
    • DS39: Phase D All Samples Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - D3XPCOMM
    • DS40: Phase D All Samples Persistence of Discipline Constructs - D3XPDISP
    • DS41: Phase D All Samples Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - D3XPHYPN
    • DS42: Phase D All Samples Positive Parenting Constructs about Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) and Female Caretaker (C) and (PC) - D3XPOSPC
    • DS43: Phase D All Samples Primary and Female Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - D3XTIMET
    • DS44: Phase E All Samples Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - E3XBDREL
    • DS45: Phase E All Samples Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - E3XCCSUP
    • DS46: Phase E All Samples Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - E3XCOUCO
    • DS47: Phase E All Samples Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - E3XFAMCO
    • DS48: Phase E All Samples Get Along With Siblings (P) (C) and (PC) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - E3XGETAL
    • DS49: Phase E All Samples Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Male Caretaker/Child Communication (C), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - E3XPCOMM
    • DS50: Phase E All Samples Persistence of Discipline Constructs - E3XPDISP
    • DS51: Phase E All Samples Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - E3XPHYPN
    • DS52: Phase E All Samples Positive Parenting Constructs about Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker (C) and (PC), and Male Caretaker (C) - E3XPOSPC
    • DS53: Phase E All Samples Male, Female, Primary, and Secondary Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - E3XTIMET
    • DS54: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Together Relationship with Female Caretaker (C) and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - F3NBDREL
    • DS55: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Together Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - F3NCCSUP
    • DS56: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Together Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - F3NCOUCO
    • DS57: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Together Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - F3NFAMCO
    • DS58: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Together Get Along With Other Children in Home (C) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - F3NGETAL
    • DS59: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Together Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - F3NPCOMM
    • DS60: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Together Persistence of Discipline Constructs - F3NPDISP
    • DS61: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Together Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - F3NPHYPN
    • DS62: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Together Positive Parenting Constructs about Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) and Female Caretaker (C) and (PC) - F3NPOSPC
    • DS63: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Primary and Female Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities(P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - F3NTIMET
    • DS64: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - G3WBDREL
    • DS65: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - G3WCCSUP
    • DS66: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - G3WCOUCO
    • DS67: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - G3WFAMCO
    • DS68: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Get Along With Siblings (P) (C) and (PC) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - G3WGETAL
    • DS69: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Male Caretaker/Child Communication (C), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - G3WPCOMM
    • DS70: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Persistence of Discipline Constructs - G3WPDISP
    • DS71: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - G3WPHYPN
    • DS72: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Positive Parenting Constructs about Primary Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker (C) and (PC), and Male Caretaker (C) - G3WPOSPC
    • DS73: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Caretaker Antisocial Attitude Constructs for youngest and oldest samples - G3WPPERC
    • DS74: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Male, Female, Primary, and Secondary Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - G3WTIMET
    • DS75: Phase H Youngest Sample Relationship with Female Caretaker (C) and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - H3YBDREL
    • DS76: Phase H Youngest Sample Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - H3YCCSUP
    • DS77: Phase H Youngest Sample Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - H3YCOUCO
    • DS78: Phase H Youngest Sample Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - H3YFAMCO
    • DS79: Phase H Youngest Sample Get Along With Other Children in Home (C) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - H3YGETAL
    • DS80: Phase H Youngest Sample Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - H3YPCOMM
    • DS81: Phase H Youngest Sample Persistence of Discipline Constructs - H3YPDISP
    • DS82: Phase H Youngest Sample Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - H3YPHYPN
    • DS83: Phase H Youngest Sample Positive Parenting Constructs about Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) and Female Caretaker (C) and (PC) - H3YPOSPC
    • DS84: Phase H Youngest Sample Primary and Female Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - H3YTIMET
    • DS85: Phase I Oldest Sample Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Primary Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - I3OBDREL
    • DS86: Phase I Oldest Sample Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - I3OCCSUP
    • DS87: Phase I Oldest Sample Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - I3OCOUCO
    • DS88: Phase I Oldest Sample Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - I3OFAMCO
    • DS89: Phase I Oldest Sample Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Male Caretaker/Child Communication (C), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - I3OPCOMM
    • DS90: Phase I Oldest Sample Persistence of Discipline Constructs - I3OPDISP
    • DS91: Phase I Oldest Sample Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - I3OPHYPN
    • DS92: Phase I Oldest Sample Positive Parenting Constructs about Primary Caretaker, Female Caretaker, and Male Caretaker - I3OPOSPC
    • DS93: Phase J Oldest Sample Male, Female, Primary, and Secondary Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - I3OTIMET
    • DS94: Phase J Youngest Sample Relationship with Female Caretaker (C) and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - J3YBDREL
    • DS95: Phase J Youngest Sample Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - J3YCCSUP
    • DS96: Phase J Youngest Sample Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - J3YCOUCO
    • DS97: Phase J Youngest Sample Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - J3YFAMCO
    • DS98: Phase J Youngest Sample Get Along With Siblings (P) (C) and (PC) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - J3YGETAL
    • DS99: Phase J Youngest Sample Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - J3YPCOMM
    • DS100: Phase J Youngest Sample Persistence of Discipline Constructs - J3YPDISP
    • DS101: Phase J Youngest Sample Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - J3YPHYPN
    • DS102: Phase J Youngest Sample Positive Parenting Constructs about Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) and Female Caretaker (C) and (PC) - J3YPOSPC
    • DS103: Phase K Youngest Sample Primary and Female Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities for youngest sample at Phase J (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - J3YTIMET
    • DS104: Phase K Oldest Sample Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Primary Caretaker (C) Constructs - K3OBDREL
    • DS105: Phase L Oldest Sample Get Along With All Siblings and Get Along With Household Members Constructs - K3OGETAL
    • DS106: Phase L Youngest Sample Relationship with Female Caretaker (C) and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - L3YBDREL
    • DS107: Phase L Youngest Sample Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - L3YCCSUP
    • DS108: Phase L Youngest Sample Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - L3YCOUCO
    • DS109: Phase L Youngest Sample Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - L3YFAMCO
    • DS110: Phase L Youngest Sample Get Along With Siblings (P) (C) and (PC) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - L3YGETAL
    • DS111: Phase L Youngest Sample Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - L3YPCOMM
    • DS112: Phase L Youngest Sample Persistence of Discipline Constructs - L3YPDISP
    • DS113: Phase L Youngest Sample Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - L3YPHYPN
    • DS114: Phase L Youngest Sample Positive Parenting Constructs about Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) and Female Caretaker (C) and (PC) - L3YPOSPC
    • DS115: Phase M Youngest Sample Primary and Female Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities for youngest sample at Phase L (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - L3YTIMET
    • DS116: Phase M Oldest Sample Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (C) Constructs - M3OBDREL
    • DS117: Phase N Youngest Sample Get Along With Female Siblings, Get Along With Male Siblings, Get Along With All Siblings, Get Along With Household Members Constructs - M3OGETAL
    • DS118: Phase N Youngest Sample Relationship with Female Caretaker (C) and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - N3YBDREL
    • DS119: Phase N Youngest Sample Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - N3YCCSUP
    • DS120: Phase N Youngest Sample Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - N3YCOUCO
    • DS121: Phase N Youngest Sample Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - N3YFAMCO
    • DS122: Phase N Youngest Sample Get Along With Siblings (P) (C) and (PC) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - N3YGETAL
    • DS123: Phase N Youngest Sample Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - N3YPCOMM
    • DS124: Phase N Youngest Sample Persistence of Discipline Constructs - N3YPDISP
    • DS125: Phase N Youngest Sample Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - N3YPHYPN
    • DS126: Phase N Youngest Sample Positive Parenting Constructs about Primary Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) and Female Caretaker (C) and (PC) - N3YPOSPC
    • DS127: Phase O Youngest Sample Primary and Female Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities for youngest sample at Phase N (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - N3YTIMET
    • DS128: Phase O Oldest Sample Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (C) Constructs - O3OBDREL
    • DS129: Phase P Oldest Sample Get Along With Female Siblings, Get Along With Male Siblings, Get Along With All Siblings, Get Along With Household Members Constructs - O3OGETAL
    • DS130: Phase P Youngest Sample Relationship with Female Caretaker (C) and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - P3YBDREL
    • DS131: Phase P Youngest Sample Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - P3YCCSUP
    • DS132: Phase P Youngest Sample Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - P3YCOUCO
    • DS133: Phase P Youngest Sample Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - P3YFAMCO
    • DS134: Phase P Youngest Sample Get Along With Siblings (P) (C) and (PC) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - P3YGETAL
    • DS135: Phase P Youngest Sample Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - P3YPCOMM
    • DS136: Phase P Youngest Sample Persistence of Discipline Constructs - P3YPDISP
    • DS137: Phase P Youngest Sample Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - P3YPHYPN
    • DS138: Phase P Youngest Sample Positive Parenting Constructs about Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) and Female Caretaker (C) and (PC) - P3YPOSPC
    • DS139: Phase P Youngest Sample Caretaker Antisocial Attitude Constructs for youngest sample at Phase P - P3YPPERC
    • DS140: Phase Q Youngest Sample Primary and Female Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities for youngest sample at Phase P (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - P3YTIMET
    • DS141: Phase Q Oldest Sample Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (C) Constructs - Q3OBDREL
    • DS142: Phase R Oldest Sample Get Along With Female Siblings, Get Along With Male Siblings, Get Along With All Siblings, Get Along With Household Members Constructs - Q30GETAL
    • DS143: Phase R Youngest Sample Relationship with Female Caretaker (C) and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - R3YBDREL
    • DS144: Phase R Youngest Sample Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - R3YCCSUP
    • DS145: Phase R Youngest Sample Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - R3YCOUCO
    • DS146: Phase R Youngest Sample Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - R3YFAMCO
    • DS147: Phase R Youngest Sample Get Along With Siblings (P) (C) and (PC) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - R3YGETAL
    • DS148: Phase R Youngest Sample Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - R3YPCOMM
    • DS149: Phase R Youngest Sample Persistence of Discipline Constructs - R3YPDISP
    • DS150: Phase R Youngest Sample Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - R3YPHYPN
    • DS151: Phase R Youngest Sample Positive Parenting Constructs about Primary Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) and Female Caretaker (C) and (PC) - R3YPOSPC
    • DS152: Phase S Youngest Sample Primary and Female Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities for youngest sample at Phase R (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - R3YTIMET
    • DS153: Phase S Oldest Sample Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (C) Constructs - SSOBDREL
    • DS154: Phase T Oldest Sample Get Along With Female Siblings, Get Along With Male Siblings, Get Along With All Siblings, Get Along With Household Members Constructs - SSOGETAL
    • DS155: Phase T Youngest Sample Relationship with Female Caretaker (C) and Relationship With Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - T3YBDREL
    • DS156: Phase T Youngest Sample Caretaker Supervision (P) (C) and (PC) and Parental Monitoring (P) Constructs - T3YCCSUP
    • DS157: Phase T Youngest Sample Counter Control By Child, Caretakers Avoid Disciplining Child, Family Members Avoid Upsetting Child, Timid Parenting, and Total Counter Control Constructs - T3YCOUCO
    • DS158: Phase T Youngest Sample Family Involvement (P) (C) and (PC) and Caretaker Involvement (P) Constructs - T3YFAMCO
    • DS159: Phase T Youngest Sample Get Along With Siblings (P) (C) and (PC) and Get Along With Caretaker (PC) Constructs - T3YGETAL
    • DS160: Phase T Youngest Sample Caretaker/Child Communication (P) (C) and (PC), Female Caretaker/Child Communication (C), and Caretaker Behaviors Only Caretaker/Child Communication (P) Constructs - T3YPCOMM
    • DS161: Phase T Youngest Sample Persistence of Discipline Constructs - T3YPDISP
    • DS162: Phase T Youngest Sample Physical Punishment (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - T3YPHYPN
    • DS163: Phase T Youngest Sample Positive Parenting Constructs about Primary Caretaker (P) (C) and (PC) and Female Caretaker (C) and (PC) - T3YPOSPC
    • DS164: Phase T Youngest Sample Caretaker Antisocial Attitude Constructs for youngest sample at Phase P - T3YPPERC
    • DS165: Phase U Youngest Sample Primary and Female Caretaker's Time With Boy, Talk About Activities, and Joint Activities for youngest sample at Phase T (P) (C) and (PC) Constructs - T3YTIMET
    • DS166: Phase U Oldest Sample Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (C) Constructs - U3OBDREL
    • DS167: Phase V Oldest Sample Get Along With Female Siblings, Get Along With Male Siblings, Get Along With All Siblings, Get Along With Household Members Constructs - U3OGETAL
    • DS168: Phase V Youngest Sample Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (C) Constructs - V3YBDREL
    • DS169: Phase W Youngest Sample Get Along With Female Siblings, Get Along With Male Siblings, Get Along With All Siblings, Get Along With Household Members Constructs - V3YGETAL
    • DS170: Phase W Oldest Sample Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (C) Constructs - W3OBDREL
    • DS171: Phase Y Oldest Sample Get Along With Female Siblings, Get Along With Male Siblings, Get Along With All Siblings, Get Along With Household Members Constructs - W3OGETAL
    • DS172: Phase Y Youngest Sample Adult Version Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (C) Constructs - Y3YBDREL
    • DS173: Phase Y Youngest Sample Get Along With Female Siblings, Get Along With Male Siblings, Get Along With All Siblings, Get Along With Household Members Constructs - Y3YGETAL
    • DS174: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Relationship with Male Caretaker (C), Relationship with Female Caretaker (C), and Relationship With Caretaker (C) Constructs - ZZOBDREL
    • DS175: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Get Along With Female Siblings, Get Along With Male Siblings, Get Along With All Siblings, Get Along With Household Members Constructs - ZZOGETAL
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1987--1991
  • 1987 / 1991
  • Time period: 1991--2001
  • 1991 / 2001
  • Time period: 2006--2007
  • 2006 / 2007
  • Time period: 2009--2010
  • 2009 / 2010
  • Collection date: 1987
  • Collection date: 1987
  • Collection date: 1988
  • Collection date: 1988
  • Collection date: 1989
  • Collection date: 1989
  • Collection date: 1990
  • Collection date: 1990
  • Collection date: 1991
  • Collection date: 1991
  • Collection date: 1992
  • Collection date: 1992
  • Collection date: 1993
  • Collection date: 1993
  • Collection date: 1994
  • Collection date: 1994
  • Collection date: 1995
  • Collection date: 1995
  • Collection date: 1996
  • Collection date: 1996
  • Collection date: 1997
  • Collection date: 1997
  • Collection date: 1998
  • Collection date: 1998
  • Collection date: 1999
  • Collection date: 1999
  • Collection date: 2000
  • Collection date: 2000
  • Collection date: 2001
  • Collection date: 2001
  • Collection date: 2006--2007
  • 2006 / 2007
  • Collection date: 2009--2010
  • 2009 / 2010
Geographic Coverage
  • Pennsylvania
  • Pittsburgh
  • United States
Sampled Universe
This study collection contains those students, and their parents, who were in first, fourth, or seventh grade during the 1987-1988 school year.
Sampling
The initial sample for the Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS) was selected with the assistance of the Pittsburgh Board of Education in 1987. PYS researchers started out with comprehensive public school lists of the enrollment of 1,631, 1,432, and 1,419 male students in grades 1, 4, and 7 during the 1987-1988 school year respectively. From these lists, researchers randomly selected about 1,100 boys in each of the three grades to be contacted (1,165, 1,146, and 1,125 in grades 1, 4, and 7, respectively). However, a number of the children had moved out of the school district, proved to be girls, or were of incorrect age and were therefore not eligible participants. Eventually, 1,006, 1,004, and 998 families with eligible boys in grades 1, 4, and 7, respectively, were contacted. Boys in grade 1 became the "youngest" sample, boys in grade 4 became the "middle" sample, and boys in grade 7 became the "oldest" sample. From this contact, 84.6 percent, 86.3 percent, and 83.9 percent of the eligible boys in the youngest, middle, and oldest samples respectively chose to participate in PYS. In order to increase the number of high-risk males in the sample, researchers used a screening assessment on a subset of the boys during the first phase of the study, Phase S. Risk scores from this screening assessment measured each boy's antisocial behavior using parent, teacher, and self-report instruments. Within each grade-based sample, boys identified at the top 30 percent on the screening risk measure (n=~250), as well as an equal number of boys randomly selected from the remaining 70 percent (n=~250), were selected for follow-up in subsequent phases (Phase A- Phase DD). This resulted in the final samples of 503, 508, and 506 boys in grades 1, 4, and 7, respectively, who together with their parent were to be followed up. The youngest sample (N=503) and the oldest sample (N=506) have been assessed continuously since 1987, while the middle sample (N=508) was only assessed seven times from ages 10-13. Assessments of each of the cohorts were carried out initially half-yearly, and later yearly. When the assessment periods switched from six months to one year, the youngest sample was interviewed every spring and the oldest sample every fall. Each phase letter still represents a six-month period. Thus, all the phases from H through AA have data for only one sample.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview
  • mail questionnaire
  • paper and pencil interview (PAPI)
  • self-enumerated questionnaire
  • on-site questionnaire
  • telephone interview
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37355 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37355.v1

Update Metadata: 2019-09-30 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-09-30

Loeber, Rolf; Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda; Farrington, David P.; Pardini, Dustin (2019): Pittsburgh Youth Study Family Constructs, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1987-2001. Archival Version. Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37355