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Pittsburgh Youth Study Mental Health Constructs, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1987-2001

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Loeber, Rolf
  • Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda
  • Farrington, David P.
  • Pardini, Dustin
Other Title
  • PYS Mental Health Constructs, 1987-2001 (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency Series
Publication Date
2019-09-30
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
  • Pew Charitable Trusts
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
child development; crime control; crime patterns; crime prediction; delinquent behavior; juvenile crime; juvenile gangs; juvenile justice; juvenile offenders; juvenile recidivists; juvenile victims; parent child relationship; parental attitudes; parental influence; peer influence
Description
  • Abstract

    The Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS) is part of the larger "Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency" initiated by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in 1986. PYS aims to document the development of antisocial and delinquent behavior from childhood to early adulthood, the risk factors that impinge on that development, and help seeking and service provision of boys' behavior problems. The study also focuses on boys' development of alcohol and drug use, and internalizing problems. PYS consists of three cohorts of boys who were in the first, fourth, and seventh grades in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania public schools during the 1987-1988 academic year (called the youngest, middle, and oldest cohorts, respectively). Using a screening risk score that measured each boy's antisocial behavior, boys identified at the top 30% within each grade cohort on the screening risk measure (n=~250), as well as an equal number of boys randomly selected from the remainder (n=~250), were selected for follow-up. Consequently, the final sample for the study consisted of 1,517 total students selected for follow-up. 503 of these students were in the oldest sample, 508 were in the middle sample, and 506 were in the youngest sample. Assessments were conducted semiannually and then annually using multiple informants (i.e., boys, parents, and teachers) between 1987 and 2010. The youngest cohort was assessed from ages 6-19 and again at ages 25 and 28. The middle cohort was assessed from ages 9-13 and again at age 23. The oldest cohort was assessed from ages 13-25, with an additional assessment at age 35. Information has been collected on a broad range of risk and protective factors across multiple domains (e.g., individual, family, peer, school, and neighborhood). Measures of conduct problems, substance use/abuse, criminal behavior, mental health problems have been collected. This collection contains data and syntax files for mental health constructs. The datasets include constructs on symptoms and contributing factors from both the DSM-IIIR and DSM-IV for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Anxiety, Conduct Disorder, depressed mood, substance abuse, Major Depressive Episode and Dysthymia, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Psychopathy with and without delinquency, Schizophrenia, help-seeking behavior, institutionalization, and other diagnoses and constructs. Additionally, the collection includes data on scores from the following scales: Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, Child Behavior Checklist (CBPRB), and Young Adult Problem Scales. The mental health constructs were created by using the PYS raw data. The raw data are available at ICPSR in the following studies: Pittsburgh Youth Study Youngest Sample (1987 - 2001) [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania], Pittsburgh Youth Study Middle Sample (1987 - 1991) [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania], and Pittsburgh Youth Study Oldest Sample (1987 - 2000) [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania].
  • Abstract

    The Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS) is a part of the Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency (Causes and Correlates), initiated in 1986 by the United States Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Causes and Correlates is designed to improve the understanding of serious delinquency, violence, and drug use by examining how youth develop within the context of family, school, peers, and community. Specifically, PYS aims to document the development of antisocial and delinquent behavior from childhood to early adulthood, the risk factors that impinge on that development, and help seeking and service provision of boys' behavior problems. It also focuses on boys' development of alcohol and drug use, and internalizing problems. Additionally, the study provides an excellent real-life laboratory for advancing and testing hypothesized developmental pathways.
  • Methods

    Variables for mental health constructs include symptoms and contributing factors from both the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM)-IIIR and DSM-IV for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Anxiety, Conduct Disorder, depressed mood, substance abuse, Major Depressive Episode and Dysthymia, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Psychopathy with and without delinquency, Schizophrenia, help-seeking behavior, institutionalization, and other diagnoses and constructs. Additionally, the collection includes variables related to scores from the following scales: Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, Child Behavior Checklist (CBPRB), and Young Adult Problem Scales.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Participant retention for the Pittsburgh Youth Study has historically been high (mean=91 percent), with 82 percent of living participants completing the most recent interview conducted in 2010.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Phase A All Samples Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder DSM-IIIR Symptom Constructs - A3XADHD
    • DS2: Phase A All Samples Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - A3XANXIE
    • DS3: Phase A All Samples Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - A3XCBPRB
    • DS4: Phase A All Samples Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs (Ever, Past Year, Past 6 Months) - A3XCDDIS
    • DS5: Phase A All Samples DSM-IV Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - A3XCDSM4
    • DS6: Phase A All Samples DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - A3XCDSRO
    • DS7: Phase A All Samples Depressed Mood Construct - A3XDEPR
    • DS8: Phase A All Samples DSM-IIIR Diagnosis Constructs - A3XDIAGN
    • DS9: Phase A All Samples Substance Abuse Symptom Constructs - A3XDISSU
    • DS10: Phase A All Samples Major Depressive Episode and Dysthymia Symptom Constructs and Symptom Scores - A3XDPRSN
    • DS11: Phase A All Samples Helpseeking Constructs - A3XHELPC
    • DS12: Phase A All Samples Institutionalization Constructs - A3XINSTI
    • DS13: Phase A All Samples Oppositional Defiant Disorder DSM-IIIR Symptom Constructs - A3XOPDEF
    • DS14: Phase A All Samples Oppositional Defiant Disorder DSM-IV Symptom Constructs - A3XOPYE4
    • DS15: Phase A All Samples Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - A3XPSPAT
    • DS16: Phase A All Samples Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - A3XSCHLK
    • DS17: Phase A All Samples Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - A3XWDSHY
    • DS18: Phase AA Youngest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - AAYANXIE
    • DS19: Phase AA Youngest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - AAYCBPRB
    • DS20: Phase AA Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - AAYCDSRO
    • DS21: Phase AA Youngest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - AAYDEPR
    • DS22: Phase AA Youngest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - AAYHELPC
    • DS23: Phase AA Youngest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - AAYINSTI
    • DS24: Phase AA Youngest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - AAYSCHLK
    • DS25: Phase AA Youngest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - AAYWDSHY
    • DS26: Phase AA Youngest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - AAYYACBC
    • DS27: Phase B All Samples Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - B3XANXIE
    • DS28: Phase B All Samples Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - B3XCBPRB
    • DS29: Phase B All Samples DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - B3XCDSRO
    • DS30: Phase B All Samples Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - B3XPSPAT
    • DS31: Phase B All Samples Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - B3XSCHLK
    • DS32: Phase B All Samples Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - B3XWDSHY
    • DS33: Phase C All Samples Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - C3XANXIE
    • DS34: Phase C All Samples Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - C3XCBPRB
    • DS35: Phase C All Samples DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - C3XCDSRO
    • DS36: Phase C All Samples Depressed Mood Construct - C3XDEPR
    • DS37: Phase C All Samples Helpseeking Constructs - C3XHELPC
    • DS38: Phase C All Samples Institutionalization Constructs - C3XINSTI
    • DS39: Phase C All Samples Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - C3XPSPAT
    • DS40: Phase C All Samples Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - C3XSCHLK
    • DS41: Phase C All Samples Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - C3XWDSHY
    • DS42: Phase D All Samples Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - D3XANXIE
    • DS43: Phase D All Samples Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - D3XCBPRB
    • DS44: Phase D All Samples DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - D3XCDSRO
    • DS45: Phase D All Samples Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - D3XPSPAT
    • DS46: Phase D All Samples Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - D3XSCHLK
    • DS47: Phase D All Samples Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - D3XWDSHY
    • DS48: Phase E All Samples Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - E3XANXIE
    • DS49: Phase E All Samples Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - E3XCBPRB
    • DS50: Phase E All Samples DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - E3XCDSRO
    • DS51: Phase E All Samples Depressed Mood Construct - E3XDEPR
    • DS52: Phase E All Samples Helpseeking Constructs - E3XHELPC
    • DS53: Phase E All Samples Institutionalization Constructs - E3XINSTI
    • DS54: Phase E All Samples Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - E3XPSPAT
    • DS55: Phase E All Samples Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - E3XSCHLK
    • DS56: Phase E All Samples Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - E3XWDSHY
    • DS57: Phase F Middle Sample Institutionalization Constructs - F2MINSTI
    • DS58: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - F3NANXIE
    • DS59: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - F3NCBPRB
    • DS60: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - F3NCDSRO
    • DS61: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - F3NPSPAT
    • DS62: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - F3NSCHLK
    • DS63: Phase F Youngest and Middle Samples Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - F3NWDSHY
    • DS64: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - G3WANXIE
    • DS65: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - G3WCBPRB
    • DS66: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - G3WCDSRO
    • DS67: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Depressed Mood Construct - G3WDEPR
    • DS68: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Helpseeking Constructs - G3WHELPC
    • DS69: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Institutionalization Constructs - G3WINSTI
    • DS70: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - G3WPSPAT
    • DS71: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - G3WSCHLK
    • DS72: Phase G Youngest and Oldest Samples Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - G3WWDSHY
    • DS73: Phase H Youngest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - H3YANXIE
    • DS74: Phase H Youngest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - H3YCBPRB
    • DS75: Phase H Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - H3YCDSRO
    • DS76: Phase H Youngest Sample Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - H3YPSPAT
    • DS77: Phase H Youngest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - H3YSCHLK
    • DS78: Phase H Youngest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - H3YWDSHY
    • DS79: Phase I Oldest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - I3OANXIE
    • DS80: Phase I Oldest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - I30CBPRB
    • DS81: Phase I Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - I3OCDSRO
    • DS82: Phase I Oldest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - I3ODEPR
    • DS83: Phase I Oldest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - I3OHELPC
    • DS84: Phase I Oldest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - I3OINSTI
    • DS85: Phase I Oldest Sample Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - I3OPSPAT
    • DS86: Phase I Oldest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - I3OSCHLK
    • DS87: Phase I Oldest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - I3OWDSHY
    • DS88: Phase J Youngest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - J3YANXIE
    • DS89: Phase J Youngest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - J3YCBPRB
    • DS90: Phase J Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - J3YCDSRO
    • DS91: Phase J Youngest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - J3YDEPR
    • DS92: Phase J Youngest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - J3YHELPC
    • DS93: Phase J Youngest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - J3YINSTI
    • DS94: Phase J Youngest Sample Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - J3YPSPAT
    • DS95: Phase J Youngest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - J3YSCHLK
    • DS96: Phase J Youngest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - J3YWDSHY
    • DS97: Phase K Oldest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - K3OANXIE
    • DS98: Phase K Oldest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - K3OCBPRB
    • DS99: Phase K Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - K3OCDSRO
    • DS100: Phase K Oldest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - K3ODEPR
    • DS101: Phase K Oldest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - K3OHELPC
    • DS102: Phase K Oldest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - K3OINSTI
    • DS103: Phase K Oldest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - K3OSCHLK
    • DS104: Phase K Oldest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - K3OWDSHY
    • DS105: Phase K Oldest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - K3OYACBC
    • DS106: Phase L Youngest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - L3YANXIE
    • DS107: Phase L Youngest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - L3YCBPRB
    • DS108: Phase L Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - L3YCDSRO
    • DS109: Phase L Youngest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - L3YDEPR
    • DS110: Phase L Youngest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - L3YHELPC
    • DS111: Phase L Youngest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - L3YINSTI
    • DS112: Phase L Youngest Sample Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - L3YPSPAT
    • DS113: Phase L Youngest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - L3YSCHLK
    • DS114: Phase L Youngest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - L3YWDSHY
    • DS115: Phase M Oldest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - M30ANXIE
    • DS116: Phase M Oldest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - M3OCBPRB
    • DS117: Phase M Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - M3OCDSRO
    • DS118: Phase M Oldest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - M3ODEPR
    • DS119: Phase M Oldest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - M3OHELPC
    • DS120: Phase M Oldest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - M3OINSTI
    • DS121: Phase M Oldest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - M3OSCHLK
    • DS122: Phase M Oldest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - M3OWDSHY
    • DS123: Phase M Oldest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - M3OYACBC
    • DS124: Phase N Youngest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - N3YANXIE
    • DS125: Phase N Youngest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - N3YCBPRB
    • DS126: Phase N Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - N3YCDSRO
    • DS127: Phase N Youngest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - N3YDEPR
    • DS128: Phase N Youngest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - N3YHELPC
    • DS129: Phase N Youngest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - N3YINSTI
    • DS130: Phase N Youngest Sample Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - N3YPSPAT
    • DS131: Phase N Youngest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - N3YSCHLK
    • DS132: Phase N Youngest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - N3YWDSHY
    • DS133: Phase O Oldest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - O3OANXIE
    • DS134: Phase O Oldest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - O3OCBPRB
    • DS135: Phase O Oldest Sample Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs (Ever, Past Year, Past 6 Months) - O3OCDDIS
    • DS136: Phase O Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - O3OCDSRO
    • DS137: Phase O Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Diagnosis Constructs - O3ODIAGN
    • DS138: Phase O Oldest Sample Substance Abuse Symptom Constructs - O3ODISSU
    • DS139: Phase O Oldest Sample Major Depressive Episode and Dysthymia Symptom Constructs and Symptom Scores - O3ODPRSN
    • DS140: Phase O Oldest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - O3OHELPC
    • DS141: Phase O Oldest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - O3OINSTI
    • DS142: Phase O Oldest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - O3OSCHLK
    • DS143: Phase O Oldest Sample DSM-IV Symptom Constructs for Most Disorders - O3OSYMPT
    • DS144: Phase O Oldest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - O3OWDSHY
    • DS145: Phase O Oldest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - O3OYACBC
    • DS146: Phase P Youngest Sample Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder DSM-IIIR Symptom Constructs - P3YADHD
    • DS147: Phase P Youngest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - P3YANXIE
    • DS148: Phase P Youngest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - P3YCBPRB
    • DS149: Phase P Youngest Sample Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs (Ever, Past Year, Past 6 Months) - P3YCDDIS
    • DS150: Phase P Youngest Sample DSM-IV Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - P3YCDSM4
    • DS151: Phase P Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - P3YCDSRO
    • DS152: Phase P Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Self-Report + DIS Constructs - P3YCDSRP
    • DS153: Phase P Youngest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - P3YDEPR
    • DS154: Phase P Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Diagnosis Constructs - P3YDIAGN
    • DS155: Phase P Youngest Sample Major Depressive Episode and Dysthymia Symptom Constructs and Symptom Scores - P3YDPRSN
    • DS156: Phase P Youngest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - P3YHELPC
    • DS157: Phase P Youngest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - P3YINSTI
    • DS158: Phase P Youngest Sample Oppositional Defiant Disorder DSM-IIIR Symptom Constructs - P3YOPDEF
    • DS159: Phase P Youngest Sample Oppositional Defiant Disorder DSM-IV Symptom Constructs - P3YOPYE4
    • DS160: Phase P Youngest Sample Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - P3YPSPAT
    • DS161: Phase P Youngest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - P3YSCHLK
    • DS162: Phase P Youngest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - P3YWDSHY
    • DS163: Phase Q Oldest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - Q30ANXIE
    • DS164: Phase Q Oldest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - Q30CBPRB
    • DS165: Phase Q Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - Q3OCDSRO
    • DS166: Phase Q Oldest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - Q30DEPR
    • DS167: Phase Q Oldest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - Q30HELPC
    • DS168: Phase Q Oldest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - Q3OINSTI
    • DS169: Phase Q Oldest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - Q30SCHLK
    • DS170: Phase Q Oldest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - Q30WDSHY
    • DS171: Phase Q Oldest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - Q3OYACBC
    • DS172: Phase R Youngest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - R3YANXIE
    • DS173: Phase R Youngest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - R3YCBPRB
    • DS174: Phase R Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - R3YCDSRO
    • DS175: Phase R Youngest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - R3YDEPR
    • DS176: Phase R Youngest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - R3YHELPC
    • DS177: Phase R Youngest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - R3YINSTI
    • DS178: Phase R Youngest Sample Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - R3YPSPAT
    • DS179: Phase R Youngest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - R3YSCHLK
    • DS180: Phase R Youngest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - R3YWDSHY
    • DS181: Phase S All Samples Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - S3XANXIE
    • DS182: Phase S All Samples Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - S3XCBPRB
    • DS183: Phase S All Samples DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - S3XCDSRO
    • DS184: Phase S All Samples Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - S3XPSPAT
    • DS185: Phase S All Samples Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - S3XSCHLK
    • DS186: Phase S All Samples Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - S3XWDSHY
    • DS187: Phase SS Oldest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - SSOANXIE
    • DS188: Phase SS Oldest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - SSOCBPRB
    • DS189: Phase SS Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - SSOCDSRO
    • DS190: Phase SS Oldest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - SSODEPR
    • DS191: Phase SS Oldest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - SSOHELPC
    • DS192: Phase SS Oldest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - SSOINSTI
    • DS193: Phase SS Oldest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - SSOSCHLK
    • DS194: Phase SS Oldest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - SSOWDSHY
    • DS195: Phase SS Oldest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - SSOYACBC
    • DS196: Phase T Youngest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - T3YANXIE
    • DS197: Phase T Youngest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - T3YCBPRB
    • DS198: Phase T Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - T3YCDSRO
    • DS199: Phase T Youngest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - T3YDEPR
    • DS200: Phase T Youngest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - T3YHELPC
    • DS201: Phase T Youngest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - T3YINSTI
    • DS202: Phase T Youngest Sample Psychopathy with Delinquency and Psychopathy without Delinquency Constructs - T3YPSPAT
    • DS203: Phase T Youngest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - T3YSCHLK
    • DS204: Phase T Youngest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - T3YWDSHY
    • DS205: Phase U Oldest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - U30ANXIE
    • DS206: Phase U Oldest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - U3OCBPRB
    • DS207: Phase U Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - U3OCDSRO
    • DS208: Phase U Oldest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - U3ODEPR
    • DS209: Phase U Oldest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - U3OHELPC
    • DS210: Phase U Oldest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - U3OINSTI
    • DS211: Phase U Oldest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - U3OSCHLK
    • DS212: Phase U Oldest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - U3OWDSHY
    • DS213: Phase U Oldest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - U3OYACBC
    • DS214: Phase V Youngest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - V3YANXIE
    • DS215: Phase V Youngest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - V3YCBPRB
    • DS216: Phase V Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - V3YCDSRO
    • DS217: Phase V Youngest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - V3YDEPR
    • DS218: Phase V Youngest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - V3YHELPC
    • DS219: Phase V Youngest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - V3YINSTI
    • DS220: Phase V Youngest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - V3YSCHLK
    • DS221: Phase V Youngest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - V3YWDSHY
    • DS222: Phase V Youngest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - V3YYACBC
    • DS223: Phase W Oldest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - W30ANXIE
    • DS224: Phase W Oldest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - W30CBPRB
    • DS225: Phase W Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - W3OCDSRO
    • DS226: Phase W Oldest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - W3ODEPR
    • DS227: Phase W Oldest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - W3OHELPC
    • DS228: Phase W Oldest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - W3OINSTI
    • DS229: Phase W Oldest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - W3OSCHLK
    • DS230: Phase W Oldest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - W3OWDSHY
    • DS231: Phase W Oldest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - W3OYACBC
    • DS232: Phase Y Youngest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - Y3YANXIE
    • DS233: Phase Y Youngest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - Y3YCBPRB
    • DS234: Phase Y Youngest Sample Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs (Ever, Past Year, Past 6 Months) - Y3YCDDIS
    • DS235: Phase Y Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - Y3YCDSRO
    • DS236: Phase Y Youngest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - Y3YDEPR
    • DS237: Phase Y Youngest Sample DSM-IIIR Diagnosis Constructs - Y3YDIAGN
    • DS238: Phase Y Youngest Sample Substance Abuse Symptom Constructs - Y3YDISSU
    • DS239: Phase Y Youngest Sample Major Depressive Episode and Dysthymia Symptom Constructs and Symptom Scores - Y3YDPRSN
    • DS240: Phase Y Youngest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - Y3YHELPC
    • DS241: Phase Y Youngest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - Y3YINSTI
    • DS242: Phase Y Youngest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - Y3YSCHLK
    • DS243: Phase Y Youngest Sample DSM-IV Symptom Constructs for Most Disorders - Y3YSYMPT
    • DS244: Phase Y Youngest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - Y3YWDSHY
    • DS245: Phase Y Youngest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - Y3YYACBC
    • DS246: Phase Z All Samples DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Self-Report + DIS Constructs - Z3XCDSRP
    • DS247: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Anxiety Score and Contributing Constructs - ZZOANXIE
    • DS248: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Problem Scale, DSM-Oriented Scale, and T-Score Constructs from Child Behavior Checklist - ZZOCBPRB
    • DS249: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs (Ever, Past Year, Past 6 Months) - ZZOCDDIS
    • DS250: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Conduct Disorder Symptom Constructs - ZZOCDSRO
    • DS251: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Depressed Mood Construct - ZZODEPR
    • DS252: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample DSM-IIIR Diagnosis Constructs - ZZODIAGN
    • DS253: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Substance Abuse Symptom Constructs - ZZODISSU
    • DS254: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Major Depressive Episode and Dysthymia Symptom Constructs and Symptom Scores - ZZODPRSN
    • DS255: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Helpseeking Constructs - ZZOHELPC
    • DS256: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Institutionalization Constructs - ZZOINSTI
    • DS257: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Schizophrenia-Like Symptom Constructs - ZZOSCHLK
    • DS258: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample DSM-IV Symptom Constructs for Most Disorders - ZZOSYMPT
    • DS259: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Withdrawn/Shy Score and Contributing Constructs - ZZOWDSHY
    • DS260: Phase ZZ Oldest Sample Young Adult Problem Scales and T-Scores Constructs - ZZOYACBC
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1987--1991
  • 1987 / 1991
  • Time period: 1991--2001
  • 1991 / 2001
  • Time period: 2006--2007
  • 2006 / 2007
  • Time period: 2009--2010
  • 2009 / 2010
  • Collection date: 1987
  • Collection date: 1987
  • Collection date: 1988
  • Collection date: 1988
  • Collection date: 1989
  • Collection date: 1989
  • Collection date: 1990
  • Collection date: 1990
  • Collection date: 1991
  • Collection date: 1991
  • Collection date: 1992
  • Collection date: 1992
  • Collection date: 1993
  • Collection date: 1993
  • Collection date: 1994
  • Collection date: 1994
  • Collection date: 1995
  • Collection date: 1995
  • Collection date: 1996
  • Collection date: 1996
  • Collection date: 1997
  • Collection date: 1997
  • Collection date: 1998
  • Collection date: 1998
  • Collection date: 1999
  • Collection date: 1999
  • Collection date: 2000
  • Collection date: 2000
  • Collection date: 2001
  • Collection date: 2001
  • Collection date: 2006--2007
  • 2006 / 2007
  • Collection date: 2009--2010
  • 2009 / 2010
Geographic Coverage
  • Pennsylvania
  • Pittsburgh
  • United States
Sampled Universe
This study collection contains those students, and their parents, who were in first, fourth, or seventh grade during the 1987-1988 school year.
Sampling
The initial sample for the Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS) was selected with the assistance of the Pittsburgh Board of Education in 1987. PYS researchers started out with comprehensive public school lists of the enrollment of 1,631, 1,432, and 1,419 male students in grades 1, 4, and 7 during the 1987-1988 school year respectively. From these lists, researchers randomly selected about 1,100 boys in each of the three grades to be contacted (1,165, 1,146, and 1,125 in grades 1, 4, and 7, respectively). However, a number of the children had moved out of the school district, proved to be girls, or were of incorrect age and were therefore not eligible participants. Eventually, 1,006, 1,004, and 998 families with eligible boys in grades 1, 4, and 7, respectively, were contacted. Boys in grade 1 became the "youngest" sample, boys in grade 4 became the "middle" sample, and boys in grade 7 became the "oldest" sample. From this contact, 84.6%, 86.3%, and 83.9% of the eligible boys in the youngest, middle, and oldest samples respectively chose to participate in PYS. In order to increase the number of high-risk males in the sample, researchers used a screening assessment on a subset of the boys during the first phase of the study, Phase S. Risk scores from this screening assessment measured each boy's antisocial behavior using parent, teacher, and self-report instruments. Within each grade-based sample, boys identified at the top 30% on the screening risk measure (n=~250), as well as an equal number of boys randomly selected from the remaining 70% (n=~250), were selected for follow-up in subsequent phases (Phase A- Phase DD). This resulted in the final samples of 503, 508, and 506 boys in grades 1, 4, and 7, respectively, who together with their parent were to be followed up. The youngest sample (N=503) and the oldest sample (N=506) have been assessed continuously since 1987, while the middle sample (N=508) was only assessed seven times from ages 10-13. Assessments of each of the cohorts were carried out initially half-yearly, and later yearly. When the assessment periods switched from six months to one year, the youngest sample was interviewed every spring and the oldest sample every fall. Each phase letter still represents a six-month period. Thus, all the phases from H through AA have data for only one sample.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview
  • mail questionnaire
  • paper and pencil interview (PAPI)
  • self-enumerated questionnaire
  • on-site questionnaire
  • telephone interview
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36034 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36034.v1
Publications
  • Browning, Katharine, Huizinga, David. Striking the balance between data access and confidentiality: A case study involving OJJDP’s Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency. Joint Statistical Meeting Proceedings.Alexandria, VA. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.amstat.org/sections/SRMS/Proceedings/y2001/Proceed/00556.pdf (URL)
  • Loeber, Rolf, Kalb, Larry, Huizinga, David. Juvenile Delinquency and Serious Injury Victimization. Bulletin.NCJ 188676, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 2001.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/188676.pdf (URL)
  • Huizinga, David, Loeber, Rolf, Thornberry, Terence P., Cothern, Lynn. Co-occurrence of Deliquency and Other Problem Behaviors. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/html/cd_rom/school_safety/pubs/GOV09.pdf (URL)
  • Loeber, Rolf, Drinkwater, Matthew, Yin, Yanming, Anderson, Stewart J., Schmidt, Laura C., Crawford, Anne. Stability of family interaction from ages 6 to 18. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.28, (4), 353-369.2000.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1005169026208 (DOI)
  • Loeber, Rolf, Farrington, David P.. Young children who commit crime: Epidemiology, developmental origins, risk factors, early interventions, and policy implications. Development and Psychopathology.12, (4), 737-762.2000.
  • Wikstrom, Per-olof H., Loeber, Rolf. Do disadvantaged neighborhoods cause well-adjusted children to become adolescent delinquents? A study of male juvenile serious offending, risk and protective factors, and neighborhood context. Criminology.38, (4), 1109-1142.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2000.tb01416.x (DOI)
  • Browning, Katharine, Loeber, Rolf. Highlights of Findings From the Pittsburgh Youth Study. Fact Sheet.NCJ 175085, . 1999.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/fs9995.pdf (URL)
  • Hartman, Catharina A., Hox, Joop, Auerbach, Judith, Erol, Nese, Fonseca, Antonio C., Mellenbergh, Gideon J., Novik, Torunn S., Oosterlaan, Jaap, Roussos, Alexandra C., Shalev, Ruth S., Zilber, Nelly, Sergeant, Joseph A.. Syndrome dimensions of the child behavior checklist and the teacher report form: A critical empirical evaluation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines.40, (7), 1095-1116.1999.
    • ID: 10.1111/1469-7610.00527 (DOI)
  • Lahey, Benjamin B., Gordon, Rachel A., Loeber, Rolf, Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda, Farrington, David. Boys who join gangs: A prospective study of predictors of first gang entry. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.27, (4), 261-276.1999.
    • ID: 10.1023/B:JACP.0000039775.83318.57 (DOI)
  • Loeber, Rolf, DeLamatre, Mary, Tita, George, Cohen, Jaqueline, Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda. Gun injury and mortality: The delinquent backgrounds of juvenile victims. Violence and Victims.14, (4), 339-352.1999.
  • Loeber, Rolf, Keenan, Kate, Zhang, Quanwui. Boys' experimentation and persistence in developmental pathways toward serious delinquency. Journal of Child and Family Studies.6, (3), 321-357.1999.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1025004303603 (DOI)
  • Loeber, Rolf, Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda, White, Helene R.. Developmental aspects of delinquency and internalizing problems and their association with persistent juvenile substance use between ages 7 and 18. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology.28, (3), 322-332.1999.
    • ID: 10.1207/S15374424jccp280304 (DOI)
  • Thornberry, Terence P., Burch, James H., II. Gang Members and Delinquent Behavior. Bulletin.NCJ 165154, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 1997.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/165154.pdf (URL)
  • Angold, Adrian, Erkanli, Alaattin, Loeber, Rolf, Costello, E. Jane, Van Kammen, Welmoet, Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda. Disappearing depression in a population sample of boys. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.4, (2), 96-104.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/106342669600400204 (DOI)
  • Fabrega, Horacio Jr., Ulrich, Richard, Loeber, Rolf. Adolescent psychopathology as a function of informant and risk status. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.184, (1), 27-34.1996.
  • Farrington, David P., Loeber, Rolf, Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda, Van Kammen, Welmoet B., Schmidt, Laura. Self-reported delinquency and a combined delinquency seriousness scale based on boys, mothers, and teachers: Concurrent and predictive validity for African-Americans and Caucasians. Criminology.34, (4), 493-517.1996.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1996.tb01217.x (DOI)
  • Loeber, Rolf, Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda. The development of offending. Criminal Justice and Behavior.23, (1), 12-24.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854896023001003 (DOI)
  • van Kammen, Welmoet B., Loeber, Rolf, Thornberry, Terence P., Menard, Scott, Krohn, Marvin D., Smith, Carolyn, Lizotte, Alan J., Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda, Weiher, Anne, Huizinga, David H., Esbensen, Finn-Aage, Espiritu, Rachele, Smalley, Mary, Tita, Georg. Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency: Annual Report 1995-1996. Annual Report.NCJ 170562, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 1996.
  • Huizinga, David, Loeber, Rolf, Thornberry, Terence P.. Recent Findings from the Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency. Report.NCJ 159042, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 1995.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/159042NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Keenan, Kate, Loeber, Rolf, Zhang, Quanwu, Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda, Van Kammen, Welmoet B.. The influence of deviant peers on the development of boys' disruptive and delinquent behavior: A temporal analysis. Development and Psychopathology.7, (4), 715-726.1995.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0954579400006805 (DOI)
  • Keltner, Dacher, Moffitt, Terrie E., Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda. Facial expressions of emotion and psychopathology in adolescent boys . Journal of Abnormal Psychology.104, (4), 644-652.1995.
    • ID: 10.1037/0021-843X.104.4.644 (DOI)
  • Caspi, Avshalom, Moffitt, Terrie E., Silva, Phil A., Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda, Krueger, Robert F., Schmutte, Pamela S.. Are some people crime-prone? Replications of the personality-crime relationship across countries, genders, races, and methods. Criminology.32, (2), 163-196.1994.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1994.tb01151.x (DOI)
  • Huizinga, David, Loeber, Rolf, Thornberry, Terence P.. Longitudinal study of delinquency, drug use, sexual activity, and pregnancy among children and youth in three cities. Public Health Reports.108, 90-96.1993.
  • Caspi, Avshalom, Block, Jack, Block, Jeanne H., Klopp, Brett, Donald, Lynam. A 'common-language' version of the California Child Q-Set for personality assessment. Psychological Assessment.4, (4), 512-523.1992.
    • ID: 10.1037/1040-3590.4.4.512 (DOI)
  • Lizotte, Alan J., Chard-Wierschem, Deborah J., Loeber, Rolf, Stern, Susan B.. A shortened child behavior checklist for delinquency studies. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.8, (2), 233-245.1992.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01066746 (DOI)
  • Loeber, Rolf, Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda, Van Kammen, Welmoet, Farrington, David P.. Initiation, escalation and desistance in juvenile offending and their correlates . Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.82, (1), 36-82.1991.

Update Metadata: 2019-09-30 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-09-30

Loeber, Rolf; Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda; Farrington, David P.; Pardini, Dustin (2019): Pittsburgh Youth Study Mental Health Constructs, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1987-2001. Archival Version. Program of Research on the Causes and Correlates of Delinquency Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36034