Population history in Northern Germany between enlightenment (Aufklärung) and the eve of the 1848 German revolution (Vormärz)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Gehrmann, Rolf
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    The lack of a recent summarizing description of population density in Germany that contains detailed information of pre-industrial times motivated the author of this study to undertake an analysis of population history of Northern Germany between 1740 and 1840. The goal of the study is to analyze the development of population regarding different aspects of population history and historical demographics. The author tries to connect geographic data with family data and then he relates it with economic, political and cultural development. The main part of the study ‘population dynamics’ gives an overview over demographic developments in a century characterized by demographic changes. Insights in the general changes in population size, the phases of Northern German population development and in relevant components for increases in population (e.g. decrease in mortality) are given. Finally the population determinants are developed, first in a concrete regional historic context of some areas (Marsch, nordwestliches Binnenland, Münsterland, Ostwestfalen, Ostelbien) and then more general external factors are included in the analysis. The generative structure of pre-industrial population, the industrial development, seasonal work and colonization are covered. There is an extra chapter on the development of urban population which includes the factors: urbanization, decrease in mortality, first signs of birth controls and migration. These regional considerations are opposed to an investigation of the general framework of demographical changes. In this context also grain prices and prevention from smallpox are taken into account. Systematic of the data: Sub-regions: 1. Holstein 2. The Hanseatic cities 3. Mecklenburg and Wester Pomerania 4. Prussia’s middle provinces 5. Core area of Lower Saxony 6. Weser-Ems-Area 7. Westphalia Topics: 1. Births (excl. still births) 2. Deaths (incl. still births) 3. Still births 4. Marriages 5. Illegitimate births 6. Infant and child mortality 7. Population status Mortality tables: A. Holstein (Propsteien) 1775/98, 1801/05 B. East Friesland 1775/98, 1835/39 C. County of Mark und märkische Kreise 1775/98, 1820/34 D. Kurmark 1775/98, 1835/39 Register of data tables: - Probability of death decennially in the German Reich 1881/90 - Handed down census results from Braunschweig-Lüneburg - Advances is historical tables of Westphalia - Migration balances of Prussian government districts 1816-1840 - Population and households in Hamburg 1764-1824 - Population in Northern Germany and Germany - Approximated values for net migration 1751-1840 - Age specific decline in mortality 1775/98-1835/39 - Decline in child mortality - Fertility and marriage behavior by family reconstruction - Proportion of singles by department s and arrodissements 1811 - Average age at birth ca. 1740-ca.1840 - Regression analysis on deaths (excl. children) – marriages - Regional differences in population increases - Population density and mortality 1780-1799 - Population balances of Marschgebiete und der Fehmarn Island - Population balances of North Western Germany (without Küstenmarsch) - Budget structures of the parish Vreden 1749 - Population balances of areas with high industry densities - Budget structures of County of Mark 1798 - Budget structures in Minden-Ravensburg and Tecklenburg 1798 - Natality, mortality and cottage industry in Ravensberg 1788-1798 - North Western German areas with low birth rates - Colonists resident in Prussia 1740-1786 - Social structure of rural population 1750 – 1790/98 - Social structure of rural population in Halberstädter - Urban population (legal definition of city) - Mortality due to tuberculosis in rural and urban areas - Average mortality rates in large cities - Infant mortality and decline in mortality in Berlin S - Rural and urban migration balances 1741/1778-1840 - Birth rates - Cumulative elasticity of population movement - Average marriage rates in Hannover in comparison - Mortality due to smallpox - Share of infant and child mortality due to smallpox -Magnitude of the decrease in child mortality - Reduction of infant mortality - Regional differences in the decline in infant mortality The data can be requested via order form or by personal request via email or telephone. PDF-form and contact data: http://www.gesis.org/dienstleistungen/daten/daten-historische-sozialf/querschnittsdaten/
Temporal Coverage
  • 1740 / 1840
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
Collection Mode
  • Data collection from official statistics and church registers
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 100
    Number of Variables: 1151
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8185 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Gehrmann, Rolf: Bevölkerungsgeschichte Norddeutschlands zwischen Aufklärung und Vormärz. Berlin: Verlag Arno Spitz GmbH.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23