Growth and structural change of municipal expenses in Germany from 1849 to 1913

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Bolenz, Jürgen (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität zu Freiburg (Br.))
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    This study aims at capturing the growth and structural changes of municipal expenses in Germany from the middle of the 19th century until World War I, and at interpreting them on the basis of theoretical findings. For this purpose, the entire statistical material on municipal finances before 1913 has been sifted for the first time and analysed methodically. Moreover, the literature on municipal finances in this epoch has also been taken into account accordingly. On the basis of these results, Adolph Wagner´s thesis on a growing public activity should be verified in detail. In this context, special attention was given to two of his statements, which have faced scepticism on the part of other researchers until today: 1. the growing share of public expenses in the national product which, according to him, was related to growing material wealth and 2. the secular reasons quoted by Wagner with regard to the ´Law of Growing Public Spending´. For that reason, the whole purpose of this paper is, on the one hand, to bridge the existing gap between the statistical information in a special section of the public budget and, on the other hand, to contribute to the municipal historiography. Factual classification of the tables in HISTAT: – the Prussian municipal expenses according to their main functions and community sizes – the expenses of the Prussian municipalities according to the most important administrative branches (1869-1911) – the expenses for elementary schools in Prussia (1861-1911) – municipal expenditure in the German Reich (1881-1913) – municipal expenses and social income in the German Reich (1849-1913) – municipal expenses in Prussia (1849-1913)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1849 / 1913
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
Collection Mode
  • Sources: - Individual publications - Statistical Handbooks (e.g.: statistical handbook for Prussia, statistical handbook for German cities, statistical year book for the German Reich, statistical year book for the Federal Republic of Germany,…) - Government documents and reports from the parliament - Official journals (among others from the royal government of Trier and Koblenz, official journal the ministry of internal affairs of Bavaria, appendices from the stenographic reports on discussions in the Prussian parliament …) - Memorandums and commemorative publications (memorandum on the laws in the area of teaching from 1817 to 1860, Berlin 1869. Volume of memorandums on the justification of a draft of a law on changes in the finance system edited by the Reich’s treasury. - Other publications (e.g. municipal administration documents
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 10
    Number of Variables: 251
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8211 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Bolenz, Jürgen: Wachstum und Strukturwandlungen der kommunalen Ausgaben in Deutschland 1849-1913. Versuch einer Interpretation. Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der staatswissenschaftlichen Doktorwürde der Rechts- und Staatswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität zu Freiburg i. Br., 1965.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 85 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23