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The Structure of regional labor force in the ´Deutschen Reich´ and in the Federal Republic of Germany between 1895 and 1970

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • Hohls, Rüdiger
  • Kaelble, Hartmut
Publication Date
2001
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
Description
  • Abstract

    The study emerged in the context of the research project ‘Changes in the Occupation Structure in Western Europe, 1882-1970’, FU Berlin), which was financed by the Volkswagenwerk foundation in behalf of Henk van Dijk and Hartmut Kealble. The study deals with an aspect of the history of the structure of labor force: long term changes of differences between regions in the 20th century, long term increase or attenuation of regional disparities in the structure of labor force in Germany between 1895 and 1970. The data bases of the study are occupation censuses in Germany between 1895 and 1970 and results from the micro census of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) as represented by the Institute for labor market and occupation research of the Federal labor office. The occupation censuses from the times before and between the wars do not take the entire labor force into account. Especially workers in agriculture and in public services are missing. The occupation census also shows regional differences of labor markets and of employment opportunities. For the construction of long term time series it was necessary to look for solution in the areas of geographic differentiation of regions and the standardization of classification of occupations. The project addresses the question how the regional structure of labor force changed between 1882 and 1970 in the German Reich and the FRG. Content: North-south divide, Problems with monostructural accouterment (mining, shipyards, steel …) Economic disparities, Regional per capita product, regional unemployment, regional contrasts Overview over tables in HISTAT: The following tables are a selection of the study by R.Hohl and H.Kaelble. Data on the aggregated level of government districts as regional unities are not taken into account. A. Overview on the labor force in Germany (1882-1982) A.1 Development of labor force (in 1000) by branches in Germany, (1882-1982) A.2 Share of male and female labor force by branches in Germany in percent (1882-1982) A.3 Relative allocation of labor force by branches in Germany in percent (1882-1982) A.4 Relative allocation of labor force by branches and by sex in Germany in percent (1882-1982) B. Development of labor force from 1895 to 1970 in constant borders from 1965/70 B.01 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Federal Republic of Germany in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.02 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Schleswig-Holstein, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.05 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Hamburg, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.06 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Bremen, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.07 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Berlin (1895-1970) B.08 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Lower Saxony, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.17 Development of labor force by branches and sex in North-Rhine Westphalia, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.24 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Land Hessen, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.29 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Rhineland-Palatinate, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.34 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Saarland, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.35 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Land Baden-Württemberg, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.40 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Bavaria, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.R1 Hierarchy of regional labor force altogether, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.R2 Hierarchy of regional labor force by sex, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.R3 Hierarchy of regional employment rates altogether, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) B.R4 Hierarchy of regional employment rates by sex, in constant borders from 1965/70 (1895-1970) C. Development of labor force in the German Reich, 1895 to 1939 in constant borders from 1937or 1913 C.1 Development of labor force by branches and sex the German Reich, in constant borders from 1937 (1895-1939) C.R1 Hierarchy of regional labor force altogether, in constant borders from 1937 or 1913 (1895-1925) C.R2 Hierarchy of regional labor force by sex, in constant borders from 1937 or 1913 (1895-1925) C.R3 Hierarchy of regional employment rates altogether, in constant borders from 1937 or 1913 (1895-1925) C.R4 Hierarchy of regional employment rates by sex, in constant borders from 1937 or 1913 (1895-1925) D. Development of labor force in the German Reich from 1895 to 1939 in respective borders D.01 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the German Reich, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.02 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Prussia, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.01. Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province East Prussia, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.02a Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province West Prussia, in respective borders (1895-1907) D2.02b Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia, in respective borders (1925-1933) D2.03 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Posen, in respective borders (1895-1907) D2.04 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Pomerania, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.05 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Brandenburg, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.06 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian city Berlin, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.07a Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Silesia, in respective borders (1895-1907, 1939) D2.07b Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Lower Silesia, in respective borders (1925-1933) D2.07c Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Upper Silesia, in respective borders (1925-1933) D2.08 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Saxony, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.09 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Schleswig-Holstein, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.10 Development of labor force by branches and sex in der the Prussian province Hanover, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.11 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Westphalia, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.12 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian province Hesse-Nassau, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.13 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the Prussian Rhine-province, in respective borders (1895-1939) D2.14 Development of labor force by branches and sex the Prussian government district Sigmaringen, in respective borders (1895-1933) D.03 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Bavaria, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.04 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Saxony, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.05 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Württemberg, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.06 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Baden, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.07 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Hesse, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.08a Development of labor force by branches and sex in Mecklenburg-Schwerin, in respective borders (1895-1925) D.08b Development of labor force by branches and sex in Mecklenburg-Strelitz, in respective borders (1895-1925) D.08c Development of labor force by branches and sex in Mecklenburg, in respective borders (1933-1939) D.09 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Oldenburg, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.10 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Brunswick, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.11a Development of labor force by branches and sex in Saxony-Weimar, in respective borders (1895-1907) D.11b Development of labor force by branches and sex in Sachsen-Meiningen, in respective borders (1895-1907) D.11c Development of labor force by branches and sex in Sachsen-Koburg, in respective borders (1895-1907) D.11d Development of labor force by branches and sex in Sachsen-Altenburg, in respective borders (1895-1907) D.11e Development of labor force by branches and sex in the principalities of Schwarzburg, in respective borders (1895-1907) D.11f Development of labor force by branches and sex in the principalities of Reuß, in respective borders (1895-1907) D.11g Development of labor force by branches and sex in Thuringia, in respective borders (1925-1939) D.12 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Anhalt, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.13 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Waldeck, in respective borders (1895-1925) D.14 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Lippe, in respective borders (1895-1933) D.15 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Schaumburg-Lippe, in respective borders (1895-1933) D.16 Development of labor force by branches and sex in the city Hamburg, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.17 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Bremen, in respective borders (1895-1939) D.18 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Lübeck, in respective borders (1895-1933) D.19 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Alsace-Loraine, in respective borders (1895-1907) D.20 Development of labor force by branches and sex in Saarland, in respective borders (1925-1939) D.21a Development of labor force by branches and sex in Vienna, in respective borders (1939) D.21b Development of labor force by branches and sex in Alpen- und Donau-Reichsgau, in respective borders (1939) D.21c Development of labor force by branches and sex in Reichsgau Sudetenland, in respective borders (1939)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1895 / 1970
Geographic Coverage
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
  • Germany (DE)
    FRG
Sampled Universe
- Development of labor force in Germany 1882 – 1982, in respective borders; - Development of labor force in the regions of the Federal Republic of Germany with constant regional borders – 1970 (in constant borders from 1965/70); - Development of labor force in the regions of the German Reich with constant regional borders 1895 – 1925 (in constant borders from 1937); - Development of labor force in the regions of the German Reich with respective regional borders 1895 – 1939.
Collection Mode
  • Sources: The data base is exclusively based on publications and tables from official German statistics on occupation and general census. Occupation census from 1895-1980: Statistics of the German Reich, new episode: ed. by the royal statistical office (StDR N.F.); Statistics of the German Reich, new episode: ed. by the royal statistical office (StDR); Statistics of the Federal Republic of Germany, vol. 36, ed. by the Federal statistical office.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 10
    Number of Variables: 5134
Availability
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Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8212 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Hohls, Rüdiger; Kaelble, Hartmut: Die regionale Erwerbsstruktur im Deutschen Reich und in der Bundesrepublik 1895 - 1970. In: Quellen und Forschungen zur Statistik von Deutschland, Band 9. Wolfram Fischer, Franz Irsigler, Karl Heinrich Kaufhold und Hugo Ott (Hrsg). St. Katharinen: Scripta Mercaturae 1989.
  • Bergmann, Jürgen; Brockstedt, Jürgen; Fremdling Rainer; Hohls, Rüdiger; Kaelble, Hartmut; Kiesewetter, Hubert; Megerle, Klaus: Regionen im historischen Vergleich. Studien zu Deutschland im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1989.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 85 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23

Hohls, Rüdiger; Kaelble, Hartmut (2001): Die regionale Erwerbsstruktur im Deutschen Reich und in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1895 – 1970. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.8212