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The Changing of Money stock in Germany since 1835

Resource Type
  • Sprenger, Bernd
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    The determination of the money supply for a period of missing key statistics, registries, and a central bank-note-system which was still in development had been neglected for a long time. The author has used only sources difficult of access. His study represents a first attempt to give a comprehensive picture of monetary developments and their significance for the period of industrialization in Germany. In the center of this investigation are the following topics: 1. The systematic processing of statistical data on money supply changes from 1835 to 1913 in the form of time series. 2. A description of the development of the particular money-types or types of money-surrogates, including the causes of their changes. 3. Analysis and discussion of interdependencies between money supply and course of the economy. 4. Changes in the total money supply and its relations to economic development. Therefore the time-period under investigation was divided into four phases: - The early days of industrialization and 1850, - The period of economic recovery from 1850 to 1873, - The stagnation from 1873 to 1894, - The period of economic recovery from 1894 to 1913. Datatables with time-series in the search- and downloadsystem HISTAT (Historical Statistics, A. changes in money supply in Germany in the era of industrialization (1835 to 1913) (Tables 1 to 8 of Sprenger, 1982) A.1 The development of metal money supply in Germany (1835-1913) A.2 The development of banknote stocks (1835-1913) A.3 The development of the state paper money stock (1835-1913) A.4 The development of paper money supply (1835-1913) A.5 The composition of the paper money stock (1835-1913) A.6 The development of the book money supply (1835-1913) A.7 The development of the coin money supply (1835-1913) A.8 The composition of the coin money supply (1835-1913) A.9 development and composition of the money supply in Britain, France and Germany (1850-1913) B. The development of the money supply in the era of industrialization (1835 to 1913) (Tables 9 to 11 of Sprenger, 1982) B.1 The development of the money supply in various accruals (1835-1913) B.2 The composition of the money supply in term of a more comprehensive version (1835-1913) B.3 The development of the velocity of money (1850-1913) C. Development of the money supply from 1918 to 1945 C.1 The development of the of coin money in billions of marks (1913-1918) C.2 Development of prices and dollar exchange rate (1913-1918) C.3a The development of coin money supply and the floating of national debt (1918-1923) C.3b The development of coin money supply and the floating of national debt (1918-1923) C.4 price-development and dollar exchange rate (1918-1923) C.5 development and composition of money supply (1924-1933) C.6 The development of money supply, of price level, of national income and national debt under the period of National Socialism (1933-1945) C.7 The development of the coin money supply (1928-1945) C.8 composition of the monetary base in Germany (1914-1922) D. The development of the money supply in the Federal Republic of Germany D.1 money supply and interest rates in the Federal Republic of Germany (1948-1998) E. Additional time series E.1 Additional time series (1835-1959) E.2 The composition of the cash stock - The Reichsbank (1876-1921) E.3 Average composition of the metallic money supply - the Reichsbank (1876-1921) E.4 giro transactions - the Reichsbank (1876-1924) Timeseries are downloadable via the online system HISTAT (
Temporal Coverage
  • 1835 / 1998
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
  • Germany (DE)
Collection Mode
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 164
    Number of Variables: 146
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8231 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Sprenger, Bernd: Geldmengenänderungen in Deutschland im Zeitalter der Industrialisierung (1835 bis 1913). Kölner Vorträge und Abhandlungen zur Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Heft 36. Köln: Selbstverlag 1982.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-29 | Issue Number: 74 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23

Sprenger, Bernd (2006): Änderungen der Geldmenge in Deutschland seit 1835. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.