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Long Waves of the International Industrial Production, Consumption of Energy, Innovations, Inventions, and Patents, 1738–1979.

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Haustein, Heinz-Dieter
  • Neuwirth, Erich
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    Numerous studies have shown that the demand within the product system is an important stimulus for innovations and inventions. This connection, however, does not imply that innovations and inventions follow the growth pattern of the industrial production directly. In the scope of a secondary analysis, the authors analyse selected series including cycles of different length by means of a time series-related analytic method, the spectral analysis. In doing so, the (global) industrial production, the global energy consumption (primary energy), and the British and American patent statistics are taken into account. On the basis of a data pooling of 182 inventions and innovations, two indices are created additionally: the index of innovations and the index of inventions. Any such innovation and invention is represented by three indicators: the “number”, the “importance coefficient”, and the “power coefficient” relating to the potential of innovations. Datatables in the research- and downloadsystem HISTAT (Historical Statistics; - International Industrial Production, Consumption of Energy, Innovations, Inventions, and Patents (1738-1979) Variables: - Industrial production - Industrial index without building bndustry - Industrial index including building industry - Engergy consumption - Innovation index - Innovation power - Number of innovations - Patents: England - Patents: USA Timeseries are downloadable via the online system HISTAT (
Temporal Coverage
  • 1738 / 1979
    The world frorm 1738 to 1979; USA (1890-1979) Great Britain (1700-1890).
Geographic Coverage
  • United States (US)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • World
Sampled Universe
Industrial production, consumption of primary energy, Innovation and inventions, patenta
Collection Mode
  • Sources: Industrial production in the world: - Hoffman, W.G.: British Industry 1700-1950. Oxford: Basis Blackwell. - Kuczynski, J., 1967: A World Survey of the Situation of Workers (in German). Berlin (East): Akademie Verlag. - Kuczynski, J., 1978: Spectral Analysis and Cluster Analysis as Mathematical Methods for the Periodization of Historical Processes. Paper for the 7th International Congress on Economic History. Edinburgh. - United Nations: Monthly Bulletin of Statistics 1975-1981. Vol. 30-35. New York: UN Statistical Office. Consumption of primary energy: - Schilling, H.-D./Hildebrandt, 1977: Primary Energy - Electrical Energy (in German). Raw Materials Economy International. Vol. 6. Verlag Glueckanf GmbH, Essen. Patents in the USA and Great Britain: - Mitchell, B.R., 1988: British Historical Statistics. Cambridge University Press. - Technology Assessment & Forecast, 1977: Seventh Report March 1977. US Department of Commerce. Washington, D.C.: Patent and Trademark Office. - Dummer, G.W.A., 1977: Electronic Inventions 1747-1976. Oxford u.a.: Pergamon Press.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 243
    Number of Variables: 12
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8238 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Haustein, Hans-Dieter; Neuwirth, Erich: Long Waves in World Industrial Production, Energy Consumption, Innovations, Inventions and Patents and their Identification by Spectral Analysis. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Laxenburg, Austria: Working Paper WP-82-9, 1982.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23

Haustein, Heinz-Dieter; Neuwirth, Erich (2006): Lange Wellen der internationalen Industrieproduktion, Energieverbrauch, Innovationen, Inventionen und Patente, 1738 bis 1979. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.