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The Growth of the German Economy since the Middle of the 19th Century. Chapter: Production of agriculture, forestry and fishery

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Hoffmann, Walther G.
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    This data selection represents a thematic extract from the comprehensive study “The Growth of the German Economy since the mid-19th Century“ (“Das Wachstum der deutschen Wirtschaft seit der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts”) from 1965 by Walter G. Hoffmann. The main objective of Hoffmann’s study is to work out statistical figures concerning the long-term development of the German national economy, as well as the individual fields of this subject area. In doing so, the time series shall enable the verification of various hypotheses concerning economic growth. This aim, however, can only be reached if such time series are based on comparable statistical, methodical, and content-related concepts, and if they are collected for a period with maximum length. Consequently, this data selection comprises more than 800 pages with 250 tables, featuring almost every time series between 1850 and 1960 that can be considered relevant for the economic development. Whenever necessary, these materials were completed by estimates. Moreover, the above-named analyses of long-term tendencies aim at creating a reference system for the numerous short-term changes occuring within most national economies in the course of a century. Here the special focus of Hoffman’s work lies on the visualisation of the gained materials as regards the raise, distribution, and use of the national income. The respective calculation is based on the two production factors of labour and capital and culminates in an overview of production. The calculation of the distribution, on the other hand, deals with the functional and individual, i.e. personal distribution of (earned and capital) income. In its turn, the calculation of use is divided into the sectors of private and public consumption, investment, and the national trade balance. Topics Timeseries date available via the downloadsystem HISTAT Data excerpt: Production in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (from the calculation of the raised income, the following factors have been taken into consideration: - the quantitative production of agriculture, – the production of agriculture in value terms, – the net production value and value creation of agriculture as calculated on the bases of price levels in the examined years, and of the prices of 1913. Timeseries are downloadable via the online system HISTAT (
Temporal Coverage
  • 1850 / 1959
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Germany in the territorial boundaries of: a) until 1870: the later German Reich without Alsace-Lorraine, b) between 1871 –1917: the national territory of the German Reich with Alsace-Lorraine, c) between 1918 –1944: the territory of the German Reich at the point of time examined, excluding Austria and the Sudetenland, but from 1934 including the Saarland, and d) from 1945 the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany without Saarland and West Berlin
Collection Mode
  • Sources: For the most part, this study is based on the official statistics of the German Zollverein (tariff union), the German Reich, the Federal Republic of Germany, the local authorities, etc.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 110
    Number of Variables: 151
The comprehensive study, ´The growth of the German economy since the mid-19th Century ´ is broken down into main topics, covered in individual studies, which are found in the following studynumbers ZA8242: The production of agriculture, forestry and fisheries. ZA8243: The production of industry and handycraft. ZA8244: The production of transport. ZA8245: The production of trade, banks, insurance companies and restaurants. ZA8250: The public and private consumption. ZA8253: The production of mines and salt pans. ZA8254: To the final expenditures compilation: The prices. ZA8255: Granted patents. ZA8256: population and employment. ZA8257: Income from labor and capital. ZA8258: To the final expenditures compilation: The foreign trade. ZA8259: To the final expenditures compilation: The financing of investment. ZA8260: National accounts: production and net pruduct by industral sectors, net national product at current market prices and net national product at factor cost.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8242 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Hoffmann, Walther G.: Das Wachstum der deutschen Wirtschaft seit der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Berlin/Heidelberg/New York: Springer 1965, S. 265-334.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-20 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23

Hoffmann, Walther G. (2007): Das Wachstum der deutschen Wirtschaft seit der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Kapitel: Die Produktion von Landwirtschaft, Forstwirtschaft und Fischerei. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.