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metadata language: German English

History of women’s work in Germany 1914 to 1945.

Resource Type
  • Bajohr, Stefan
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    Development of female labour during the period from 1914 to 1945. The basis for the collection of data about female labour were the results of the population-, occupationcensus, and census of enterprises in the period of 1907 and 1939. The Study deals with the following subjects: - the shifting process of female labour in the first half of the 20th century, mainly the move from the ‘home services’ and the agricultural work; - the strong growth of female labour in white-collor-professions, reaching the peak in the years of 1920 and in the 2nd World war; - the calculation of the male and female wage-ratio for equivalent work; - the calculation of wage range – i.e. the percental difference between male- and female wages and the change of the difference; - the rate of unionisation of female workers (as measured by female membership in labour unions). Topics Data-Tables in HISTAT: A. Development of female labour (male and female labour force). B. Male and female unionists, male and female unemployment. C. Impaired payment of female labour in selected industrial sectors; Development of hourly earnings, wage range of male and female workers.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1914 / 1945
Geographic Coverage
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
Collection Mode
  • Sources: Official Statistics: Reichsarbeitsblatt (RABl), Berlin 1914 – 1945. Statistics of the German Empire (Statistik des Deutsches Reichs (StDR)), Statisches Reichsamt Berlin: Bd. 293 (1821), Bd. 401 III (1930), Bd. 402 III (1929), Bd. 408 (1931), Bd. 418 (1930), Bd. 453 II (1936), Bd. 458 (1937), Bd. 466 (1937) Bd. 470, 2 (1937), Bd. 553 (1944), Bd. 555 (1941). Statistical Yearbook of the German Empire, Jg. 1941/42 Statistical Handbook of Germany (Stat. HB), ed.: Länderrat des Amerikanischen Besatzungsgebiets, Munich 1949. Scientific Publications: Baldauf, E., 1932: Die Frauenarbeit in der Landwirtschaft. Diss. Kiel, Borna-Leipzig. Bry, G., 1960: Wages in Germany 1871 - 1945. Princeton. Fürth, H., 1917: Die deutschen Frauen im Kriege. Tübingen. Jacobsen, H.-A., 1961: 1939-1945. Der Zweite Weltkrieg in Chronik und Dokumenten. 5.A. Darmstadt. Karbe, A., 1928: die Frauenlohnfrage und ihre Entwicklung in der Kriegs- und Nachkriegszeit mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Industriearbeiterschaft. Rostock. Lorenz, Ch., 1928: Die gewerbliche Frauenarbeit während des Krieges, in: Der Krieg und die Arbeitsverhältnisse. Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte des Weltkrieges, Deutsche Serie 6. Stuttgart u.a. Preller, L., 1949: Sozialpolitik in der Weimarer Republik. Stuttgart. Winkler, D., 1977: Frauenarbeit im Dritten Reich. Hamburg.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 31
    Number of Variables: 399
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8287 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Bajohr, Stefan, 1979: Die Hälfte der Fabrik. Geschichte der Frauenarbeit in Deutschland 1914 bis 1945. Marburg: Verlag Arbeiterbewegung u. Gesellschaftswissenschaften.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-29 | Issue Number: 74 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23

Bajohr, Stefan (2008): Geschichte der Frauenarbeit in Deutschland 1914 bis 1945.. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.