Technological change and international trade in the 18th and 19th Century. The iron industries in Britain, Belgium, France and Germany.

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Fremdling, Rainer
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    Timeseries of ironproduction, of irontrade and of price- and cost levels in different countries and regions (Great Britain, Belgium, France and the German Empire, without Alsace-Lorraine). The study’s aim is to contribute to the clarification of open questions concerning the process of technology transfer. Focus of consideration is the iron industry. The spatial and the temporal development of the profound transformation of iron-production from wood charcoal technology to mineral coal technology in Belgium, France and Germany are described and explained. Furthermore, the author demonstrates the involvement of these countries in the foreign trade. For this purpose, the external trade statistics are used. The author analyzes long data rows of iron production, iron exports, iron imports and the price- and cost levels of different countries and regions. Foreign trade flows are an important channel for the dissemination of new iron-techniques at the international level. In addition, the analysis of the political decisions of the individual countries shows, how government action set the conditions (e.g. by Tariff policy or Railway policy) affecting the development of the iron industries. The study is structured by the different countries, and here again with a complete division in the period before and after the railway construction around 1835. The railway construction is a very important event for the initiation and implementation of modern techniques of iron. Thematical subdivision of the study; Data tables in the search and download system HISTAT (Topic: Innovation): A. The British Iron Industry A.1 Change of the British iron industry in the 18th Century A.2 British iron exports in the first third of the 19th Century A.3 British iron exports in the second third of the 19th Century A.4 Tables annexed to the British iron industry B. The Belgian iron industry B.1 Iron production in the first half of the 19th Century B.2 Iron production in the second half of the 19th Century B.3 Tables annexed to the Belgian iron industry C. The French Iron Industry C.1 Iron production in the first half of the 19th Century C.2 Iron production in the second half of the 19th Century C.3 Tables annexed to the French iron industry D. The German iron industry D.1 Iron production in the first half of the 19th Century D.2 Iron production in the second half of the 19th Century D.3 Tables annexed to the German iron industry
Temporal Coverage
  • 1750 / 1870
Geographic Coverage
  • Great Britain
  • Belgium
  • France
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
    German Reich without Alsace-Lorraine
Collection Mode
  • Sources: Foreign trade statistics of Belgium, France and Great Britain. Foreign trade statistics of the German tariff union, production statistics. Business letters, Managing Board minutes, internal expertises and government reports, enquiries, scientific literature
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 120
    Number of Variables: 841
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8289 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Fremdling, Rainer: Technologischer Wandel und internationaler Handel im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert. Die Eisenindustrien in Großbritannien, Belgien, Frankreich und Deutschland. Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, 1986. (Schriften zur Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Bd. 35).

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23