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Famines in Prussia in the first half of the 19th century

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Bass, Hans-Heinrich
Publication Date
2008
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
Description
  • Abstract

    The Study deals with the interdependencies between economic causes, demographic konsequences and political efforts to cope with famines in the 19th century. Area and period of investigation is prussia in the space of the time 1815 to 1849. Object of investigation is the intersection of observable demographic crises in the single regions of the research area (Prussia) with economic crises of these regions. The approach of the study is devided in the following steps: - Analysis of the interrelation between local agricultural production and population - Description of governance-activities to balance local shotages (constitution of food-markets with its institutions and their regional integration) - Analysis of the consequences of price-increases on the population’s survival-chances - Effects of intervening factors and political measures respectively: poor relief of communities, state aid, protests for more state aid. - Analysis of famine’s concrete combination in several case studies: Famine in 1817 in the Rhineland Famine in 1831 in Eastern Westphalia Famine in 1847, across the regions (with focus on Westphalia, Rhineland, Posen and Eastern Prussia) Topics: Listing of Data-Tables in the Online-Database HISTAT: A. Agricultural produce and food markets A.1 Harvest yield indices for three administrative districts resp. Provinces (average = 100), 1816-1850 B. Intervening factors: Public expenditures and poor welfare service B.1 Official net public expenditures in Prussia, 1821-1847 B.2 Portion of the almspeople of the population in class-declarable localities, 1840-1860 C. The provinces Aachen, Düsseldorf, Minden, Posen, Eastern Prussia C.1.01 Birth surpluses of different regions of the administrative district of Aachen (in parts per thousand of the population of previous year), 1816-1824 C.1.02 Supported poors in the governmental district of Aachen, 1814-1818 C.1.03 Wheat exports from the Aachener customs district abroad: Monthly values and quantities of crop years (in Scheffeln), 1832-1853 C.1.04 Rye exports from the Aachener customs district abroad: Monthly values and quantities of crop years (in Scheffeln), 1832-1853 C.1.05a Wheat exports from the Aachener customs district abroad: quantities of crop years, 1832-1853 C.1.05b Wheat exports from the Aachener customs district abroad: Trend-corrected monthly values, 1832-1853 C.1.06a Rye exports from the Aachener customs district abroad: Multiple of the average values of several years, by crop years and months, 1832-1853 C.1.06b Rye exports from the Aachener customs district abroad: Multiple of the average values of several years, by crop years and months, 1832-1853 C.2.01 (Average) yearly birth surplus in the regions of the administrative district Minden (in parts per thousand of the population of previous year), 1823-1837 C.2.02 Economic situation data for Minden-Ravensberg, 1816-1838. C.2.03 Population of the admininstrative district Minden (by regions), 1822-1831 C.3 Population of the administrative district Posen (by regions), 1821-1849 C.4.01 Terms of trade of agricultural and forestry day-labourers in the East-Prussian administrative districts: Calories equivalent on rye basis for one-day work, 1840-1847. C.4.02 Terms of trade of agricultural day-labourers on the manor ‘Steinort’ ( Scheffel potatoes per harvest season), 1839-1850 C.5 Birth surplus of the administrative dristrict Düsseldorf’s regions (in per cent of population as of October, 1st, 1816), D. Prussian provinces: additional data-tables D.1.01 Birth surplus of several prussian provinces (Geburtenüberschüsse verschiedener preußischer Provinzen (in parts per thousand of the population of previous year, 1841-1850 D.1.02 cholera-mortality’s Proportion of total mortality per year, prussian administrative districts, 1831-1850 D.2.01 Number of persons older than 16 years releaved from class-tax because of their poorness, by administrative districts, 1830-1860 D.2.02.a Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Aachen (Market place: Aachen city), 1821-1850 D.2.02.b Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Cologne (Market place: Cologne city) 1821-1850 D.2.02.c Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Düsseldorf (Market place: Kleve & Elberfeld ) 1821-1850 D.2.02.d Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Arnsberg (Market place: Dortmund city) 1821-1850 D.2.02.e Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Münster (Market place: Dortmund city) 1821-1850 D.2.02.f Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Minden (Market place: Minden city & Paderborn) 1821-1850 D.2.02.g Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Liegnitz (Market place: Glogau & Liegnitz) 1821-1850 D.2.02.h Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Breslau (Market place: Breslau city) 1821-1850 D.2.02.i Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Oppeln (Market place: Neiße & Loebschütz) 1821-1850 D.2.02.j Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Posen (Market place: Posen & Fraustadt) 1821-1850 D.2.02.k Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Bromberg (Market place: Bromberg city) 1821-1850 D.2.02.l Relative population growth, agrarian wages and rye prices in the administrative district Marienwerder (Market place: Thorn) 1821-1850 D.2.03 Relationship of grain export from Danzig and Königsberg to home country and abroad to the total Prussian grain export (only foreign countries), in percent, 1822-1850 D.2.04 Prussian’s wheat export and prices of import regions, prices of the province East Prussia, 1815-1850 D.2.05 Wheat exports from Prussia (trend-corrected values), 1815-1850 Further Data-Tables of this Study, containing cross-sectional data, are not in HISTAT, but can be ordered.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1815 / 1849
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
    Prussia
Collection Mode
  • Sources: Archival sources, secondary literature, bibliographies and reference books, Periodicals.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 34
    Number of Variables: 300
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8294 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Bass, Hans-Heinrich: Hungerkrisen in Preussen während der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts. St. Katharinen: Scripta Mercaturae Verlag, 1991. (Studien zur Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Band 8)

Update Metadata: 2017-12-29 | Issue Number: 73 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23

Bass, Hans-Heinrich (2008): Hungerkrisen in Preussen während der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.8294