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The economic development of the mining industry on the Lebertal’s German side. Mining expenses and minig revenues, 1546 to 1630.

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • Westermann, Angelika
Publication Date
2011-02-21
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
Description
  • Abstract

    Political and economic borders within an economic region are challenges to the social and economic competences of the persons concerned, because in the case of conflicts great flexibility in order to develop and enforce strategies of solution is required. The mining area of the ‘Lebertal’ in the middle of the Vosges, located in the former Austrian territories in Southwestern Germany (Vorderoesterreich) is an example of previously used sovereign rights of political, economical, and social nature, which became inevitable limitations. In the ‘Lebertaler’ district with it’s natural resources silver, copper, and plump, the mining areas of the Habsburgs, the Duke of Lorraine and the House Rappoltstein bordered each other. The diversity of the territories was a great hindrance to the emergence of a single, large-scale economic territory. The guarantee of continuous interaction to ensure the smoothly interplay of the employees of the mining area, of the production, of sales and of the supply of necessary raw materials and relief goods as well as with food constitutes in such a conglomeration of rights in a confined space a challenge. By several measures the basic conditions had first to be created, which allowed an economy of this region centered on efficiency and economic success in this region. The development from a region characterized by a confusing diversity of the territories to an efficient economic territory is analyzed and described in this study. For this purpose, the data of a primary source about the incomes and expenditures of all the mines in the mining area Lebertal has been collected by the investigator. The primary sources are the notes of the revenues and expenditures, made by the mountain guide (or pit guide) Mathias Stoffl for a period of 80 years from 1546 to 1580. This information is completed by the primary investigator by collecting further data. Topics: - Income and expenditures per mine of the Lebertal, containing the following information: - Name of the mine - mining of raw ore - total output - total expenditures per year - classification into efficient and costly mines Furthermore, available as downloadable time series via the online search- and downloadsystem HISTAT (Topic: Produktion: Bergbau, verarbeitendes Gewerbe, Industrie): - Synoptical table: Annual total sum of mining production and mining costs (1546-1580). - Fostery costs (consumption of wood: firewood, lumber, mine timber, sum of stem wood) 1610-1630 - Production of black copper from Rappoltsein’s mines in the Lebertal (in centner and in gulden per centner) 1534 – 1636 - Production of black copper from lorrain mines in the Lebertal (in centner and in gulden per centner) 1534 – 1636 - Production of black copper from the Rosenfelsertal - Cost of production and row ore output of German mines in the Lebertal (1547-1574) - Mining expenditures, amount of production and market value of production 1547 - 1574 - Market value (yearly) of the german Lebertal’s mines, 1547-1574 - Production of fine silver in the swiss part of the territory 1537 - 1550 - Fine silver from the lorrain territory of the Lebertal 1563 - 1571 - Fine silver in Mark Cologne Wight (Mark Kölner Gewicht) per coin of Basel from the mines of the mining area of the former austrian territories in southwestern Germany (Vorderösterreich) 1533 – 1584 - Fine silver in Mark Mark Cologne Wight (Makr Kölner Gewicht) per coin of Colmar, Fribourg and Thann from the mining area of the former austrian territories in southwestern Germany (Vorderösterreich) 1530 - 1542 (according to Alfred Bisegger) - Fine silver in Mark Mark Cologne Wight (Makr Kölner Gewicht) per coin of Colmar, Fribourg and Thann from the mining area of the former austrian territories in southwestern Germany (Vorderösterreich) 1543 bis 1562 - Delivery from Rappoltstein (Mine St. Wilhelm) to the coin Münze in Nancy, 1553 - 1575 - Fine silver in coins of the centime coin confederation (Rappenmünzbund) and in the Lorraine’s and Nancie’s Duke’s coins 1564 - 1584 from the Lebertal and from the Sundgau - Total sum of fine silver in coins of Esisheim 1584 – 1604
Temporal Coverage
  • 1546 / 1630
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
    Mines of the German’s and Swiss part of the Lebertal as well as the Lebertal of Lorraine. Mining area of the former Austrian territories in southwestern Germany (Vorderösterreich).
Collection Mode
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 85
    Number of Variables: 96
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8332 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Angelika Westermann, 2009: Die vorderösterreichischen Montanregionen in der Frühen Neuzeit. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.
  • Angelika Westermann, 2003: Das Lebertal in der frühen Neuzeit. Herrschaftsgrenzen in einer Wirtschaftsregion.“ In: Jürgen Schneider (Hrsg.): Natürliche und politische Grenzen als soziale und wirtschaftliche Haruasforderung. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, S. 43-66.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2011-02-21

Westermann, Angelika (2011): Die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung des Bergbaus im Lebertal auf deutscher Seite. Grubenkosten und Grubenerträge, 1546 bis 1630.. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.10249