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National Crime Victimization Survey, [United States], 2016: Revised Version

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • NCVS 2016 (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Series
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
assault; auto theft; burglary; crime; crime costs; crime rates; crime reporting; crime statistics; offenders; offenses; property crimes; rape; reactions to crime; robbery; sex offenses; vandalism; victimization; victims
  • Abstract

    The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Series, previously called the National Crime Surveys (NCS), has been collecting data on personal and household victimization through an ongoing survey of a nationally-representative sample of residential addresses since 1973. The NCVS was designed with four primary objectives: (1) to develop detailed information about the victims and consequences of crime, (2) to estimate the number and types of crimes not reported to the police, (3) to provide uniform measures of selected types of crimes, and (4) to permit comparisons over time and types of areas. The survey categorizes crimes as "personal" or "property." Personal crimes include rape and sexual attack, robbery, aggravated and simple assault, and purse-snatching/pocket-picking, while property crimes include burglary, theft, motor vehicle theft, and vandalism. Each respondent is asked a series of screen questions designed to determine whether she or he was victimized during the six-month period preceding the first day of the month of the interview. A "household respondent" is also asked to report on crimes against the household as a whole (e.g., burglary, motor vehicle theft). The data include type of crime, month, time, and location of the crime, relationship between victim and offender, characteristics of the offender, self-protective actions taken by the victim during the incident and results of those actions, consequences of the victimization, type of property lost, whether the crime was reported to police and reasons for reporting or not reporting, and offender use of weapons, drugs, and alcohol. Basic demographic information such as age, race, gender, and income is also collected, to enable analysis of crime by various subpopulations. This version of the NCVS, referred to as the collection year, contains records from interviews conducted in the 12 months of the given year. This dataset represents the revised version of the NCVS on a collection year basis for 2016. A collection year contains records from interviews conducted in the 12 months of the given year. Under the collection year format, victimizations are counted in the year the interview is conducted, regardless of the year when the crime incident occurred. The 2016 National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) violent and property crime estimates were significantly higher than 2015, but it was not possible to determine the degree to which the change in rates resulted from the sample redesign rather than real changes in U.S. victimization levels. Therefore, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) examined the 2015 and 2016 victimization rates separately for new and continuing sample counties in the 2016 Criminal Victimization bulletin. The BJS requested that the Census Bureau create a 2016 revised file with outgoing county interviews from July-December 2015, continuing county interviews from January-June 2016, and all interviews (continuing and new counties) from July-December 2016. In other words, the outgoing 2015 cases replaced the new 2016 cases in the first half of 2016. The files in this study serve as a separate research file to allow data users to make comparisons between 2015, 2016, and 2017 NCVS estimates using a nationally representative sample. It provides a sample that still represents the entire country but does not have the inflated crime rates seen in the new counties in 2016.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Address Record-Type File
    • DS2: Household Record-Type File
    • DS3: Person Record-Type File
    • DS4: Incident Record-Type File
    • DS5: 2016 Collection Year Incident-Level Extract File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2016
  • Collection date: 2016
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All persons in the United States aged 12 and older. Smallest Geographic Unit: region
Stratified multistage cluster sample.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)
  • face-to-face interview
2020-08-24 Additional contextual information provided for variable V4532 in the codebook on when the variable should be used. Funding institution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37296 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37296.v1

Update Metadata: 2020-08-24 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-10-15

United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2019): National Crime Victimization Survey, [United States], 2016: Revised Version. Archival Version. National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.