Socialist cantral planned economy in the Sovjet Occupation Zone/German Democratic Republic, 1945 to 1989.

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Schwarzer, Oskar
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    The central theme of this publication is the localization of the East German economy into the inner German economy by means of the comparison of the two German economies. The investigator begins with a description of the socialist transformation in the Soviet Zone / GDR after 1945 and their implications. The conditions in the Soviet Union were the example for the system change in the Soviet zone, because the Soviet Union as a pioneering state in the Eastern bloc, pionted the way of future economic development, served as a model and as a shield, and had a significant influence on future economic developments. After the presentation of the socialist transformation, which began in 1945 and its effects, a brief comparative sketch of the competitiveness of the two German states in international comparison and an analysis of the human capital stock of the GDR follows. In another chapter Oskar Schwarzer carried out an efficiency analysis of the East German economy. He looks at the growth of the economy, investment, foreign trade, subsidies and debt of the GDR. One problem is the comparability of the GDR´s currency and prices to non-socialist countries. Schwarzer compiled extensive source material for his investigation. It includes detailed statistics of the overall social product and the national income of the GDR in the period of 1949 to 1989 in GDR mark. Moreover it contains the statistics on conversion ratio of the GDR-Mark to convertible currencies and on the leading currency as well as on the currency structure of the foreign trade. The researcher focuses on an important methodological problem in this context: the conversion of the GDR mark in DM. He looks at possible options and data sources for the computation of a standardized exchange rate surrogate for the conversion of the GDR mark in DM. These surrogates for a standardized conversion coefficient should supersede a non-existing exchange rate. They were used to convert the calculated GDP in GDR-Marks into DM and in this way to replace the missing exchange rate. Topics Timeseries in the search- and downloadsystem HISTAT (Topic: Volkswirtschaftliche Gesamtrechnung ( national income accounts) ) HISTAT is offered only in German language ! The data tables are divided into the following subjects: A. Supplement 1: Statistik des Gesellschaftlichen Gesamtprodukts und des Nationaleinkommens der DDR 1949 bis 1989 in vergleichbaren Preisen (Angaben jeweils in Mio. Mark der DDR); B. Supplement 1: Statistik des Gesellschaftlichen Gesamtprodukts und des Nationaleinkommens der DDR 1949 bis 1989 in jeweiligen Preisen (Angaben jeweils in Mio. Mark der DDR); C. Supplement 2: Zum Umrechnungsverhältnis der Mark der DDR zu konvertiblen Währungen; D. Supplement 3: Leitwährung, Statistischer Koeffizient, Währungsstruktur im Außenhandel; E. - G. Ausgewählte Tabellen aus dem Textteil: Produktivitätsvergleich, Bevölkerung, Arbeitskräftepotential, Subventionen und Verschuldung, Intervalutarischer Produktivitätsvergleich.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1945 / 1989
Geographic Coverage
  • German Democratic Republic (1949-1990) (DDDE)
Collection Mode
  • Sources: Official Statistics of the German Democratic Republic; the states´ central office for statistics; Sources of the Federal Archive, Department Potsdam and branch offices (= Quellen aus dem Bundesarchiv, Abteilung Potsdam mit Außenstellen / Abt. Berlin (BAP [vor 1997]/BARCH).) Foundation of parties and mass organizations of the former GDR, Federal Archive - Central Party Archive of the SED, Berlin (= Stiftung der Parteien und Massenorganisationen der ehemaligen DDR im Bundesarchiv – Zentrales Parteiarchiv der SED, Berlin (ZPA). )
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 44
    Number of Variables: 377
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8391 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Schwarzer, O., 1999: Sozialistische Zentralplanwirtschaft in der SBZ/DDR. Ergebnisse eines ordnungspolitischen Experiments (1945-1989). Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Beiheft 143. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2011-02-22