Statistical overview on Germany’s social policy since 1945; “Sovijet zone of occupation / German Democratic Republic (GDR)”

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Steiner, André
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    The Federal Ministry for Labour and Social Affairs and the Federal Archive jointly published the volume „Geschichte der Sozialpolitik in Deutschland seit 1945“ (= History of Social Policy in Germany since 1945). In the framework of this volume the primary researcher Andre Steiner compiled in collaboration with Matthias Judt and Thomas Reichel a statistical collection – obtained from primary sources – on the social policy of the German Sovjet occupation zone and the former German Democratic Republic. It provides for many statistical benchmarks of social policy usable information in the form of timeseries. Although the newly acquired data has no official status, in many branches of social policy development Steiner’s compilation offers more accurate and more sophisticated data, or at least plausible estimates, whereas the official statistic provides no clear information. With this statistical work a new basis for statistical analysis on social developments and social policy developments of the former German Democratic Republic is offered. Steiner pointed out, that the basis assumption of the statistical compilation at hand on the GDR’s history is, that the GDR’s official statistics can be used for historical research and that this statistics should also be used. However, the problems and the limits of such a pragmatic approach must be known and should be aware of. The need for historians to use this data follows for the one thing from the fact, that conversions and return accounts according to western concepts are very labour intensive, and partly with regard of the content these conversions are not appropriate or solvable. For the other thing historical processes can only be evaluated adequate, if the data, which were available at that situation of decision making, are considered (see: Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales (=Federal Ministry for Labour and Social Affairs), ed, 2006: Statistische Übersichten zur Sozialpolitik in Deutschland seit 1945 (Band SBZ/DDR); athor: Steiner, André in collaboration with Matthias Judt and Thomas Reichel. Bonn, Einleitung (=introduction) S. XIII). In summary there are the following methodological problems when using the GDR-official statistics: - the used gross presentation principle - inconsistent prices as assessement criterion - only restricted assimilable indicators of qualitative developments as well as changing definitions for the data gathering and changing frameworks. Data tables in the search- and downloadsystem HISTAT (Topic: Sozialleistungen, Sozialversicherung, Sozialbudget (= social benefits, social insurances, social budget) ): Information: HISTAT is offered only in German language. There are numerous data tables among the topics. Teil A: A.1 Bevölkerung und Privathaushalte (=population and private households); A.2. Staatshaushalt und Sozialsystem (=national budget and social system); A.3. Volkswirtschaftliche Gesamtdaten (=national income account); A.4. Bilanz der Geldeinnahmen und –ausgaben der Bevölkerung und der Arbeiter- und Angestelltenhaushalte (= Balance of receipts and expenditures of the population and of the workers‘ and white-collar workers‘ households). Teil B: B.1. Zur Arbeitsverfassung (= about labour relations); B.2 Arbeitsschutz (= safety at work); B.3 Arbeitskräftegewinnung und Arbeitskräftelenkung (= recruitment and controling of labour); B.4 Sicherung bei Krankheit, Unfall sowie Alter, Invalidität und für Hinterbliebene (= social insurance: illness, accidents, old age, disability, and for the bereaved) B.5. Gesundheitswesen (=health care system); B.6 Rehabilitation und Hilfe für Behinderte (= rehabilitation and help for disabled); B.7 Fürsorge (= care); B.8. Familien- und Altenpolitik (=family policy and policy in relation to the elderly); B.9. Bildungspolitik (= educational policy); B.10 Nichtstaatliche soziale Infrastruktur (= non-public social infrastructure); B.11 Wohnungspolitik (= housing policy).
Temporal Coverage
  • 1939 / 1996
Geographic Coverage
  • German Democratic Republic (1949-1990) (DDDE)
    Soviet occupation zone and later German Democratic Republic, GDR (1945 - 1989). Territorial definition: GDR including East-Berlin. In exceptional cases East-Berlin is not included. This cases are identified in annotations.
Collection Mode
  • Sources : Published official Statistics of the GDR: - Das Gesundheitswesen der DDR, laufende Jahrgänge 1965 bis 1988. - Statistischen Bundesamtes Wiesbaden (Hrsg.): Sonderreihe mit Beiträgen für das Gebiet der ehemaligen DDR: Heft 2, 3, 13, 14, 15, 22. - Ausgewählte Amtliche Veröffentlichungen der Staatlichen Zentralverwaltung für Statistik der DDR (Hrsg.). - Statistisches Amt der DDR (Hrsg.), 1990: Jahrbuch Arbeitskräfte und Löhne 1989; Kennziffernsammlung Sozialstatistik 1990. - Staatliche Versicherung der DDR (Hrsg.): Jahresbericht der Sozialversicherung bei der Staatlichen Versicherung der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik/Staatliche Versicherung der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik (SV StV), laufende Jahrgänge (1980 bis 1988. - Verwaltung der Sozialversicherung beim Bundesvorstand des FDGB: Statistischer und Finanzieller Jahresbericht der Sozialversicherung der Arbeiter und Angestellten (SV AuA) der DDR, Jahrgänge 1965 – 1989.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 47
    Number of Variables: 2185
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8416 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales, Statistische Übersichten zur Sozialpolitik in Deutschland seit 1945 (Band SBZ/DDR), Verfasser André Steiner unter Mitarbeit von Matthias Judt und Thomas Reichel. Bonn 2006.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 84 | Registration Date: 2011-03-14