The development of Germany’s mechanical engineering industry in the period between 1850 and 1870.

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Becker, Walter
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    In the framework of this study the priority investigator Becker explores an important period of the German engineering industry’s economic development during the industrial revolution in the 19th century. During the period of investigation the industrial revolution made rapid progress in Germany. Extensive capital investments and the advancing division of labor resulted in the rapid expansion of the internal market on the basis of the means of production. Within the market of capital equipment the development of the demand for machines played a decisive role. The extension of the machine market was closely connected with as well as caused by the entire capitalist development of Germany. The detailed representation of the internal market for the machinery industry is the priority in Becker’s work, because it is the basis for the analysis of the development of mass-produced machinery. The investigation is into five parts: I. The industrial revolution in the 19th Century’s fifties and sixties and the development of Germany’s internal and external market of the engineering industry. II. Growth of the engineering industry. III. The advances in production technology associated with the emergence and development of the independent machine tool manufacture. IV. Structural changes in the mechanical engineering industry. V. The mechanical engineering industrial proletariat. Datatables in the serch- and downloadsystem HISTAT (Topic: Production: mining, manufacturing sector, industry): A. Tables in the appendix A.01 Einfuhr, Ausfuhr und Verbrauch von Eisen im Zollverein, in Tonnen (1851-1871) (= emport, export and consumption of iron in the tariff union, in tons) A.02 Anzahl der Maschinenfabriken im Zollverein (1846-1875) (= Number of machine factories in the tariff union) A.03 Einfuhr von groben Eisen- und Gusswaren in den Zollverein (1854-1871) (= import of raw iron and moldings made from cast iron) A.04 Ein- und Ausfuhr sowie Durchfuhr von Maschinen im Zollverein (1866-1871) (= import and export as well as transit of machinery in the tariff union) A.05 Die Ausfuhr von Lokomotiven, Tendern und Dampfkesseln im Zollverein, in Zentnern (1866-1871) (= Export of locomitives, coal trucks and steam boiler in the tariff union, in centner) A.06 Die durchschnittlichen Tagelöhne im deutschen Maschinenbau (1850-1870) (= The average daily wages in the German mechanical engeneering) A.07 Die Entwicklung der preußischen Maschinenfabriken in den einzelnen Regierungsbezirken und ihre Arbeiterzahl (1846-1861) (= The development of prussian machine factories in each administrative district an their number of manual workers ) A.08a Die Maschinenfabriken des Zollvereins: a) Betriebe (1846, 1861) (= Machine factories of the tariff union) A.08b Die Zahl der Beschäftigten in den Maschinenfabriken des Zollvereins (1846, 1861) (= Number of employees oft he machine factoris of the tariff union)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1850 / 1870
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
    Germany, 1850 to 1870
Collection Mode
  • Sources: German central archive, department Merseburg; Archive of the city “Karl-Marx-Stadt; the saxon state archive in Dresden. Honorary publications and anniversary publications; periodicals and reports (especially annual reports of selected chambers of trade). Data of scientific research literature.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 20
    Number of Variables: 124
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8439 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Becker, Walter, 1962: Die Entwicklung der deutschen Maschinenbauindustrie von 1850 bis 1870, in: Schröter, A./Becker, W., 1962: Die deutsche Maschinenbauindustrie in der industriellen Revolution. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, S. 137 - 285.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 85 | Registration Date: 2011-03-15