Unemployment in the Weimar Republic from 1919 to 1933 and the following years until 1938.

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Petzina, Dietmar
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    The essay focuses on the economic context of unemployment, analyzed in the framework of three questions: 1) How does unemployment develop over time? 2) Who was particularly affected by unemployment? Were there any notable differences between social groups, sectors, gender, and region? 3) What causes can be named for the high unemployment rate at this time? A reliable unemployment statistics, structured by sector, region, and gender, does only exist till 1928. Since 1928, the newly established Imperial Institute for Employment and Unemployment Insurance (=Reichanstalt für Arbeitsvermittlung und Arbeitslosenversicherung) carried out uniform surveys in regular intervals using comparable criteria. In the time before, there were mainly two detection methods in use: On the one hand the reports of done work of communities and the private sector were used as sources. On the other hand, since 1903, the labour unions’ unemployment statistics, gathered the unemployed union members. Datatables in HISTAT (Topic: Employment (= Erwerbstätigkeit)): 01. Arbeitslose in Prozent der erfassten Gewerkschaftsmitglieder (1907-1931) (= Unemployed in percent of the gathered union members) 02. Arbeitslosigkeit in ausgewählten Ländern (1919-1938) (= Unemployed in selected countries) 03. Arbeitslose in Prozent der Erwerbspersonen (1931-1936) (= Untemployed in percent of the labour force) 04. Arbeitslose je 1.000 Einwohner in deutschen Großstädten (1928-1936) (= Unemployed per 1.000 inhabitants of German cities) 05. Vollerwerbslose insgesamt und arbeitslose Angestellte (1921-1932) (= Unemployed in total and unemployed clerical worker)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1919 / 1938
Geographic Coverage
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
    Weimar Republic
Collection Mode
  • Sources: Statistical supplements of the German Empire‘s Ministery of Labour: Statistische Beilagen zum Reichsarbeitsblatt, hrsg. Vom Reichsarbeitsministerium Jg. 1932-1937. Statistical Handbook of Germany, edited by the states council of the American occupied territories: Statistisches Handbuch von Deutschland 1928-1944, hrsg. vom Länderrat des amerikanischen Besatzungsgebietes, München 1949, S. 485. Data of the research literature.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 9
    Number of Variables: 79
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8441 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Petzina, Dietmar, 1987: Arbeitslosigkeit in der Weimarer Republik, in: Abelshauser, W. (Hrsg.), 1987: Die Weimarer Republik als Wohlfahrtsstaat. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, S. 239 -259.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2011-03-15