Germany’s mining production statistics from 1850 to 1914.

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Fischer, Wolfram
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    In the eighth volume of the ‘Historical Statistics of Germany’ statistical overviews on Germany’s mining production for the period from 1850 to 1914 are compiled, especially for the mining product categories bitumen, mineral ores, and mineral salts. (This volume is published within the scientific book series „Sources and investigations on Germany’s Historical Statistics”, ed. by Wolfram Fischer, Franz Irsigler, Karl Heinrich Kaufhold and Hugo Ott; supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) for several years) Statistical information for the following products were collected: hard coal, brown coal, asphalt (bitumen), mineral oil, graphite, iron ore, zinc ore, lead ore, copper ore, silver ore, quicksilver ore, cobalt ore, nickel ore, bismut ore, tungistic ore, tin ore, manganese ore, antimony ore, arsenic ore, alum ore, pyrite, rock salt or sodium chloride, potash crude salt, and boracite. The investigator tries to cover systematically the statistics of all subareas of the German mining production from official and unofficial data collections. The aim was to offer a versatile usable data manual. Therefore, the collected data were subdivided widely into products and regions. Production volumes, value of mining, the number of factories, and number of employees are recorded statistically. From the year 1912 in the official sources on mining only the total usable mining products are listed, both products destined for sale and products destined for the further processing in the factories. Concerning brown coal and hard coal there are additionally information on the coal-mines’ own consumption. Concerning the producing mines since 1861 there is a differentiation between mines working as ‘main enterprises’ and mines working as subsidiary company. Until 1911 the employees are recorded as average employed persons per day without mining officers (Grubenbeamte). From 1911 the employees are recorded as social insured employees by the end of the year including mining officers. Topics Datatables in the search- and downloadsystem HISTAT (Topic: Production: mining, manufacturing craft, industry (= Produktion: Bergbau, verarbeitendes Gewerbe, Industrie) ): Information: HISTAT is offered only in German language. T.01. Die Förderung von Steinkohle (extraction of hard coal by different German regions); T.02. Die Förderung von Braunkohle (extraction of brown coal by different German regions); T.03. Die Förderung von Asphalt (extraction of asphalt by different German regions); T.04. Die Förderung von Erdöl (extraction of mineral oil by different German regions); T.05. Die Förderung von Graphit (extraction of graphite by different German regions); T.06. Die Förderung von Eisenerzen (extraction of iron ore by different German regions); T.07. Die Förderung von Zinkerzen (extraction of zinc ore by different German regions); T.08. Die Förderung von Bleierzen (extraction of lead ore by different German regions); T.09. Die Förderung von Kupfererzen (extraction of copper ore by different German regions); T.10. Die Förderung von Silbererzen (extraction of silver ore by different German regions); T.11. Die Förderung von Quecksilbererzen (extraction of quicksilver ore by different German regions); T.12. Die Förderung von Kobalterzen (extraction of cobald ore by different German regions); T.13. Die Förderung von Nickelerzen (extraction of nickel ore by different German regions); T.14. Die Förderung von Wismuterzen (extraction of bismut ore, Kingdom of Saxony); T.15. Die Förderung von Wolframerzen (extraction of tungistic ore, Kingdom of Saxony); T.16. Die Förderung von Zinnerzen (extraction of tin ore, Kingdom of Saxony); T.17. Die Förderung von Manganerzen (extraction of manganese ore by different German regions); T.18. Die Förderung von Antimonerzen (extraction of antimony ore by different German regions); T.19. Die Förderung von Arsenerzen (extraction of arsenic ore by different German regions); T.20. Die Förderung von Alaunerzen (extraction of alum ore by different German regions); T.21. Die Förderung von Schwefelkies (extraction of pyrit ore by different German regions); T.22. Die Förderung von Steinsalz (extraction of rock salt /sodium chloride by different German regions); T.23. Die Förderung von Kalisalzen (extraction of potash salt by different German regions); T.24. Die Förderung von Kainit (extraction of kainite by different German regions); T.25. Die Förderung von Boracit (extraction of boracite by different German regions).
Temporal Coverage
  • 1850 / 1914
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
  • German custom area in the borders from the 15th November 1888; this area includes the territory of the German Empire (before 1871 this territory excludes Alsace-Lorraine) as well as the Grand Duchy Luxembourg. Concerning Prussia the smallest regional unit are the administrative districts on the one hand, and the mining authorities and since 1861 the upper mining authorities on the other hand. For territories beyond Prussia the statistics are collected only in the case of Bavaria below the state level, that is to say the statistics for Palatinate and Bavaria on the right on the Rhine have been collected separately. Concerning the Thuringian associate states different products has been summarized.
Collection Mode
  • Sources: - official and private statistics on the mining production - selected secondary sources and statistical relevant secondary literature
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 64
    Number of Variables: 6052
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8448 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Fischer, Wolfram (Hrsg.), 1989: Statistik der Bergbauproduktion Deutschlands 1850 – 1914. Bearbeitet von Philipp Fehrenbach. Quellen und Forschungen zur Historischen Statistik von Deutschland (hrsg. von Fischer, W./Irsigler, F./Kaufhold, K-. H./Ott, H.), Band 8. St. Katharinen: Scripta Mercaturae Verlag.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 88 | Registration Date: 2011-03-15