The German industry during the war from 1939 to 1945
- Wagenführ, Rolf
- Historical Studies Data
Abstract„The German institute for economic research published a study in 1954 which basically was already concluded nine years before. It is based on experiences the institute made during the war in a commissioned work first for the Reich´s ministry of economics and then for the planning department. A manuscript from that time has been preserved, that was mainly designed by the then chief of the industry department, Dr. Rolf Wafenführ… For a long time the study was considered as lost” (from the preface of Ferdinand Friedensburg, president of the German Institute for economic research, November 1954). During the invasion of the allied troops in Berlin the manuscript was taken by an American economic officer and later given to a small University in the United States. In this way it was possible to obtain again the draft of the original work and to prepare the publication. The original composition was brought in a systematic order and it was undergone by a critical scientific inspection. The investigation of Rolf Wagenführt pursues primarily a reporting task, “to show the up and down of the German industry production, especially of the defense production in the years from 1939 until 1945” (Wageführ, R., a. cit., S. 128). The work is divided in five sections. I. The German industry before the outbreak of the war; II. Peace like war economy 1939 until 1942; III. The Speer era; IV. The breakdown; V. Attempt of a preliminary valuation. The present work tries to show which industry forces were available for the belligerent German Empire, therefore the investigation considers always the relevant territory of the Empire. In addition, it was attempted whenever possible, to give an idea of the magnitude of important statistics for the narrower territory of the German Empire. The detailed statistics in the appendix are divides in six sections: (A) workforce; (B) investments; (C) raw and basic materials; (D) consumers goods; (E) defense production; (F) industry production all together. The particulars concerning the war production bear upon the production of “Großdeutschland” (Great Germany); which means that it also includes the production of the occupied territories. Chapters I. to IV. include data about the single periods of the Third Reich, that are shown in the tables G. –to– I. Data tables in HISTAT: A.00 Changes in the territory of the German Reich (1938-1940) A.01Mobilisation of workforce in Germany (1939-1944) A.02 Employees in the German economy (1939-1944) A.03.1 Employees in the German Industry altogether: Prewar scope, Ostmark, Sudeten, old empire (1939-1944) A.03.2 Employees in the German industry, men: Prewar scope, Ostmark, Sudeten, old empire (1939-1944) A.03.3 Employees in the German industry, women: Prewar scope, Ostmark, Sudeten, old empire (1939-1944) A.04.1 Employees in the German industry (old empire) altogether: men and women, men, women (1939 – 1944) A.04.2 – A.4. Employees in the German industry (old empire) German, foreigners, prisoners of war, persons in military service, UK-provided: men and women, men, women (1939-1944) B. Investment activity (1938 – 1944) C. Raw and basic materials (1938 – 1944) D. Production of consumer goods (1938 – 1944) E. Defense production (1938 – 1944) F. Industry production altogether (1938 – 1944) G. The German industry until the breakout of the war (1928 – 1939) H. Peace like war economy (until the end of 1941) I. The Speer era and the breakdown (1941 - 1944/45) Register of the tables in HISTAT: Statistics of the appendix (tables A.- F.) A. Workforce A.00 Changes in the territory of the German Empire (1938-1940) A.01 Mobilization of employers in Germany (1939-1944) A.02 Employees in the German economy (1939-1944) A.03.1a Employees in the German industry altogether: Prewar scope (1939-1944) A.03.1b Employees in the German industry altogether: Ostmark (1939-1944) A.03.1c Employees in the German industry altogether: Sudeten (1939-1944) A.03.1d Employees in the German industry altogether: Altreich (1939-1944) A.03. Employees in the German industry men: Prewar scope (1939-1944) A.03.2b Employees in the German industry men: Ostmark (1939-1944) A.03.2c Employees in the German industry men: Sudeten (1939-1944) A.03.2d Employees in the German industry men: Altreich (1939-1944) A.03.3a Employees in the German industry women: Prewar scope (1939-1944) A.03.3b Employees in the German industry women: Ostmark (1939-1944) A.03.3c Employees in the German industry women: Sudeten (1939-1944) A.03.3d Employees in the German industry women: Altreich (1939-1944) A.04. Employees in the German industry (Altreich) altogether: men and women (1939-1944) A.04. Employees in the German industry (Altreich) altogether: men (1939-1944) A.04.1c Employees in the German industry (Altreich) altogether: women (1939-1944) A.04.2a Employees in the German industry (Altreich) German: men and women (1939-1944) A.04.2b Employees in the German industry (Altreich) German: men (1939-1944) A.04.2c Employees in the German industry (Altreich) German: women (1939-1944) A.04.3a Employees in the German industry (Altreich) Foreigners: men and women (1939-1944) A.04.3b Employees in the German industry (Altreich) Foreigners: men (1939-1944) A.04.3c Employees in the German industry (Altreich) Foreigners: women (1939-1944) A.04.4a Employees in the German industry (Altreich) war prisoners (1940-1944) A.04.4b 4a Employees in the German industry (Altreich) persons in military service (1940-1944) A.04.4c 4a Employees in the German industry (Altreich) UK-Provided (1941-1944) B. Investment activity B.01 Capital investments in Germany, in prices from 1938, in billion Reichsmark (1938-1944) B.02 Employees in the construction industry1939-1944) B.03 Commercial and public building construction (1937-1941) B.04 New apartments, in 1000 (1928-1944) B.05 Cement deliveries (1938-1944) B.06 Production of important building material (1938-1944) B.07 Dales of the German machine tool industry (1938-1944) B.08 Production of important investment goods (1939-1944) C. Raw and basic material C.01 Production index of important basic material industries, 1942=100 (1938-1944) C.02 Impact of the territorial changes on the volume of production, 1936=100 (1936-1944) C.03 Target- performance comparison of important basic material production, 1942=100 (1942-1943) C.04 Holdings of coal (1938-1944) C.05 Use of coal (1938-1944) C.06 Funding shares in the coal industry of the area Ruhr (1937-1943) C.07 Production of rolled products and semi-finished products for sale (1939-1944) C.08 Breakdown of iron quotas on demand groups (1939-1943) C.09 Breakdown of iron quotas (1943-1944) C.10 Basic data for important non-ferrous metals (1939-1944) C.11 Holdings metal alloys (1939-1944) C.12 Production of important basic chemicals (1938-1944) C.13 Supply of textile raw material (1938-1944) C.14a Fuel Balance of “Großdeutschland“: occurrence (1940-1944) C.14b Fuel Balance of “Großdeutschland“: use (1940-1944) D. Consumer goods D.01 Index numbers of production of consumer goods D.02 Production of important consumer goods (1938-1944) D.03 Production of important consumer goods (1943-1944) D.04 Outline of the sales of some consumer goods, in percent (1943-1944) E. Defense production E.01a Defense production, annual data (1941-1944) E.01b Defense production, monthly data (1942-1945) E.02 Production of important military equipment (1940-1944) E.03 Production of important vendor parts („general equipment“) (1943-1944) E.04 Production of powder and explosives (1938-1944) F. Industry production altogether F.01 Industry production in groups, Index 1943=100 (1938-1944) Tables from the text part (G. – I.) G. The German industry until the breakout oft the war G.01 Public budget expenses for defense in the (1933-1939) G.02 Production of important basic materials in Germany (1928-1939) G.03 Investment activities in the German industry (1928-1939) G.04 Index of defense production in Germany, 1937=100, 1943=100 (1933-1940) H. Peace like war economy until the end of 1941 H.01 Employees in the industry (1939-1941) H.02 Industry production in Germany (1939-1941) H.03 Defense production in Germany (1939-1941) H.04 Work and force balance (1939-1941) H.05 Production of consumer goods in Germany (1939-1941) H.06 Tendencies of the development of consumption (1938-1942) H.07 Quantity of production of important capital goods K (1939-1941) I. The Speer era and the breakdown 1944/45 I.01Development of the numbers of members of the German army (Altreich, Ostmark, Sudeten, Memel) (1941-1944) I.02 Usage of foreigners and war prisoners (1941-1944) I.03 Shift in the employment in industry (1941-1944) I.04 Development of the quantity of consumer good production (1941-1944) I.05 Index number of basic material production (1940-1944) I.06 Consumption of food (1939-1944) I.07 Basic material areas with an increase in production (1941-1944) I.08 Consumption of fuels in Großdeutschland (1940-1943) I.09 Production of fuels from synthesis and hydration (1940-1944) I.10 Nominal capacity of public power stations (1940-1944) I.11 Annual production of capital goods (1941-1944) I.12 Production von locomotives und wagons (1940-1944) I.13 Development of production of fine mechanical and optical equipment (1942-1944) I.14 Index number of German production of defense, monthly data (1942-1944) I.15 Volume of defense production in important groups, index numbers (1942-1944) I.16 Value of defense production in important groups (1942-1944) I.17 Share of major groups in the defense end production, in percent of the total value (1942-1944) I.18 Airplane production in Germany (1931-1939) I.19 Airplane production in Germany, armor weight (1941-1944) I.20 defense end production and total consumption of important raw materials (1939-1944) I.21 Number of employees and production of defense end production (1941-1944)
1939 / 1945
German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)German Empire during the period of the National Socialism (Third Reich)from 1939 to 1945.
Number of Units: 16
Number of Variables: 1555
- ZA8471 (Type: ZA-No.)
Wagenführ, Rolf, 1954: Die deutsche Industrie im Kriege 1939 bis 1945. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.
Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 95 | Registration Date: 2011-03-30