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Voters’ generations in prussia between the German Royal Empire and the Republic. Reichstag elections between 1871 and 1933.

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Neugebauer-Wölk, Monika
Publication Date
2011-05-11
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
Description
  • Abstract

    Already in an early study about the connection between school education and voting behavior in Prussia during the German Empire (see the study of Monika Wölk: “Der preußische Volksschulabsolvent als Reichstagswähler 1871 – 1912“, GESIS Archiv-Nr.: ZA8482) the author of the present study used school generation specific voting behavior as a methodological construct to determine the impact of school education on the voter´s decisions at the Reich elections. The investigation, sponsored by the German research community (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)), about the voter’s generations in Prussia between the German Empire and the Republic is based on this previous work. School generations, defined as graduates of the elementary school in a specific area shaped by specific school-political principles in Prussia, build voting groups within the Prussian voting population. The author inspects their voting motivation concerning continuity or discontinuity in the transition from the authoritarian German Empire to the democratic Republic of Germany and investigates it with her special research question and methodological approach. In the first part of the study the author combines the social-historical quantitative preparation of the material of the age statistics of the population in the chosen research areas with the systematic qualitative analysis of historical educational prerequisites of those parts of population. The school generations (after years of birth) are classified after collective school periods of the elementary school graduates (Volksschulabsolventen (SchVA)): SchVA 1816-1840: “Time of reform“, SchVA 1840 – 1847: “before march“ SchVA 1847 – 1854: „Revolution 1848“, SchVA 1854 – 1872: „Regulative“, SchVA 1872 - 1879: „Falk“, SchVA 1879 – 1892: „Puttkammer“, SchVA 1892 – 1899: „Bosse“, SchVA 1899 – 1918: „1900“, SchVA 1918 – 1927: „Weimar“. In the second part of the study the author continues with considerations and models for the interpretation of the structural changes in the system of political parties from the authoritarian society of the German Empire to the pluralistic, parliamentary presidential governed democracy of the Weimar Republic. In the presentation of the competing models of historical and political-sociological research the author constructs a basis for rating the question on which grid of political directions the voting behavior at the Reich elections before and after the First World War could be based. The comparative trend analysis of school time-stamped generation groups and their voting decisions presented in the third part of the study verifies the work of the second part about the developed models of party systems and its consistency for the generation specific development of the voting population. The voting behavior is broken down into two major alternative parties: The “Reich faithful’s” and the “enemies of the Reich” in the German Empire and the left-right dichotomy as a reverse equivalent of opposition and governmentalism in the Weimar Republic. Data Tables in HISTAT A. Tables from the text part (Average values of chosen administrative districts, for each administrative district see the tables of the appendix under part B) A.01a Proportion of school generations of the population over 25 or 20 years (1871-1933) A.01b Proportion of generation groups in the voting population over 25 or 20 years (1871-1933) A.02a Voting behavior after discontinuity models of the German party system – model A (1871-1933) A.02b Voting behavior after discontinuity models of the German party system – model B (1871-1933) A.03 Voting behavior in the left-right continuum of the Protestant party system (1871-1933) A.04 Voting behavior in the polarity of governmentalism and opposition (1871-1933) A.05 Youth generations and voting behavior (1919-1933) A.06 Left parties of the Weimar Republic and the generation group “reaction” (1919 – 1933) A.07a Administrative district of Gumbinen: Votes by left-right polarity and generation groups (1871-1933) A.07b Administrative district of Allenstein: Votes by left-right polarity and generation groups (1919-1933) A.07c Berlin: Votes by left-right polarity and generation groups (1871-1933) A.08 School generations and left-liberal voting potential, Berlin and administrative district Liegnitz (1871-1933) B. Tables from the data appendix B.I. Proportion of school generations of the population over 25 years or 20 years in selected Prussian administrative districts B.II. Election results of the German Reich election in selected Prussian administrative districts B.III Votes by left-right polarity and generation groups in selected Prussian administrative districts Register of the tables in HISTAT: A. Tables from the text part (Average values of chosen administrative districts, for each administrative district see the tables of the appendix under part B). A.01a Proportion of school generations of the population over 25 or 20 years (1871-1933) A.01b Proportion of generation groups in the voting population over 25 or 20 years (1871-1933) A.02a Voting behavior after discontinuity models of the German party system – model A (1871-1933) A.02b Voting behavior after discontinuity models of the German party system – model B (1871-1933) A.03 Voting behavior in the left-right continuum of the Protestant party system (1871-1933) A.04 Voting behavior in the polarity of governmentalism and opposition (1871-1933) A.05 Youth generations and voting behavior (1919-1933) A.06 Left parties of the Weimar Republic and the generation group “reaction” (1919 – 1933) A.07a Administrative district of Gumbinen: Votes by left-right polarity and generation groups (1871-1933) A.07b Administrative district of Allenstein: Votes by left-right polarity and generation groups (1919-1933) A.07c Berlin: Votes by left-right polarity and generation groups (1871-1933) A.08 School generations and left-liberal voting potential, Berlin and administrative district Liegnitz (1871-1933) B. Tables from the appendix B.I. Proportion of school generations of the population over 25 years or 20 years in selected Prussian administrative districts B.0I.01 Administrative district Königsberg: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.02 Administrative district Gumbinnen: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.03 Administrative district Potsdam: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.04 Administrative district Frankfurt: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.05 Berlin: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.06 Administrative district Stettin: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.07 Administrative district Köslin: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.08 Administrative district Stralsund: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.09 Administrative district Breslau: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.10 Administrative district Liegnitz: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.11 Administrative district Magdeburg: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.12 Administrative district Merseburg: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.0I.13 Administrative district Erfurt: School generations – years of birth (1871-1933) B.II. Results of the Reichstags-elections in selected Prussian administrative districts B.II.01 Administrative district Königsberg: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.02 Administrative district Gumbinnen: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.03 Administrative district Stadt Berlin: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.04 Administrative district Potsdam: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.05 Administrative district Frankfurt: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.06 Administrative district Stettin: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.07 Administrative district Köslin: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.08 Administrative district Stralsund: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.09 Administrative district Breslau: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.10 Administrative district Liegnitz: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.11 Administrative district Magdeburg: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.12 Administrative district Merseburg: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.II.13 Administrative district Erfurt: Election results to the German Reichstag (1871-1933) B.III Votes by left-right popularity and generation groups in selected Prussian administrative districts B.III.01 Administrative district Königsberg: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933) B.III.02 Administrative district Potsdam: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933) B.III.03 Administrative district Frankfurt: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933) B.III.04 Administrative district Stettin: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933) B.III.05 Administrative district Köslin: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933) B.III.06 Administrative district Stralsund: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933) B.III.07 Administrative district Breslau: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933) B.III.08 Administrative district Liegnitz: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933) B.III.09 Administrative district Magdeburg: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933) B.III.10 Administrative district Merseburg: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933) B.III.11 Administrative district Erfurt: Votes and generation groups in percent (1871-1933)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1871 / 1933
Geographic Coverage
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
    Prussia and the German Royal Empire (Deutsches Kaisserreich)
Collection Mode
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 62
    Number of Variables: 455
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8473 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Neugebauer-Wölk, Monika, 1987: Wählergenerationen in Preußen zwischen Kaiserreich und Republik. Einzelveröffentlichungen der Historischen Kommission zu Berlin, Bd. 55. Berlin: Colloquium Verlag.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-29 | Issue Number: 75 | Registration Date: 2011-05-11

Neugebauer-Wölk, Monika (2011): Wählergenerationen in Preußen zwischen Kaiserreich und Republik, Reichstagswahlen von 1871 bis 1933.. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.10411