Growth and economic cycles of the Nuernberg Economy 1815 to 1914.

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Gömmel, Rainer
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    The author discusses “growth and economic trend” at the example of Nuremberg. Especially those results economic trend and growth research will be taken into accounts, which are relevant for economic history. A difficulty is that the explanation models for economic growth are not meaningful. There is no empirically valid theory. In the present investigation the author uses the method of the in the USA developed “New Economic History” (“econometric history” or “cliometrics”). Thereby this study is also an attempt to quantify the exactly defined terms of the economic analysis which is in accordance with the request of Simon Kuznets (Kuznets, p., 1954: Summary of Discussion and Postscript, in: Journal of Economic History (4), p. 553). Therefore in the first part of this study theoretical fundamentals will be presented, especially important explanations and hypothesis about economic processes in the 19th century. Subsequently a description and interpretation of variables that are characteristic for the development of Nuremberg will be given. The aim of this work is mainly the quantification of economic variables such as Employment, Production, Income, Prices and their comparison with the hypothesis of the scientific discussion. The concrete differentiation of the subject is a compromise between the collection and preparation of data from problematic statistical sources on the one hand and their presentation on the other hand. The development of employment is described in detail because we found many interesting sources about that subject but also because of content aspects: Looking at employment it is possible to demonstrate the industrialization process, for example through increasing urbanization or the development of unemployment. The second (statistical) part shows, how the tables and data that were used in the time series were found. The focus will be on necessary explanations for the calculation methods. Data tables in HISTAT A. Tables from the statistical appendix A.01 Labor force by economic sectors (1810-1925) A.02 Social structure of labor force (1810-1913) A.03 Employment and unemployment in annual average (1810-1913) A.04 Average of normal working hours per week (1811-1913) A.05 Working hours at the MAN (1858-1913) A.06 Net production values at MAN, current prices (1858-1896) A.07 Average annual income of different workers, in Mark (1811-1913) A.08 Comparison of real incomes (1811-1913) A.09 Most important expenditure for living (1810-1913) A.10 Weights for the costs of living index (1810-1913) A.11 Prices for food housing, heating, light (in Mark) and the costs of living index (1810-1913) B. Tables from the text part B.01 Working age population (1810-1913) B.02 Proportion of labor force in industry in the total population of Nuremberg and Berlin (1800-1895) B.03 Proportion of employment textile / clothing and metal processing in industrial workers (1800-1849) B.04 Employment in the tobacco industry and in the production of pencils (1840-1882) B.05 The export of Bier in different cities of Bavaria, in hectoliters (1856-1869) B.06 Beer consumption, export and import (1811-1913) B.07 Components of wages in the brewing industry, in Mark (1810-1895) B.08 Annual income of workers in fabrics in the first half of the 19th century, in Mark (1840-1851)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1815 / 1914
Geographic Coverage
  • The German city Nuremberg before and during the period of the German Royal Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich (1815 – 1914))
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 98
    Number of Variables: 163
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8475 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Gömmel, Rainer, 1978: Wachstum und Konjunktur der Nürnberger Wirtschaft 1815 – 1914. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 88 | Registration Date: 2011-03-29