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Officially controlled housing supply in the Federal Republic of Germany, 1950 to 1975.

Resource Type
  • Dorhöfer, Kerstin
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    The present study deals with a special part of sectorial planning: provision of housing. The provision of housing in the Federal Republic of Germany (BRD) is divided in three different areas. Those areas are: Construction and housing industry, the social structure of the inhabitants and the physical structure of housing and housing estates. Governmental intervention measures mainly address those three areas: they try to regulate the housing provision and the rental prices through financial subsidies, the social distribution of housing through definition of target groups and the housing standards through urban planning and technical guidelines. Therefor the scientific investigation of housing provision needs to be about economic, sociological and urban and architectural aspects and needs to relate those aspects. The study of Kerstin Dornhöfer uses an integrated approach of the investigation of housing provision looking at those three aspects. The objective of the study is to develop criteria for the evaluation, planning and implementation of measures for housing provision. “The state controlled housing provision has its origin in the historical development before the Second World War. Besides the material basis of housing provision in the BRD also knowledge about and experiences with comprehensive steering instruments and its effectiveness resulted from the historical development of housing supply and its state controlled steering. This raises the question to what extent this knowledge and experiences had an impact on governmental policies concerning housing provision in the BRD. The description and analysis of the investigation is based on the following guiding questions: - Which steering instruments the BRD uses to achieve higher effectiveness concerning the socio-political postulate of improving the housing circumstances for the broad masses of people? - Could the dependence of housing provision and is governmental steering on the development of the total capital and on landed property , construction and housing construction capital be eliminated or at least gradually controlled? - What was the impact of governmental steering in the BRD? - How did it come to the current discrepancies in spite of all reform efforts and directing interventions? - What conditions were problematic for the improvement of housing circumstances for the broad masses of people? What are the relevant determinants for housing provision? The first part of this study deals with the description of housing provision for broad masses of people since the foundation of the BRD. This time is divided into four periods; each period begins with an important change in laws that indicated a change in in the governmental steering and transformations of economic and social circumstances. The description of the different periods helps to see the governmental steering instruments and its effectiveness regarding the historical circumstances. In the second part of the study the governmental objectives and steering instruments will be questioned and the circumstances of implementation will be identified based in three criteria. Those criteria are: (1) Housing standards and housing quality; (2) rental price (income-rent ratio); (3) Social distribution (broad masses of people as the target group of governmental steering). The question behind this is; if the thesis, which resulted from the historical development of housing provision before the Second World War, that governmental steering only takes place when the economic circumstances require and allow the public intervention and when public pressure forces governmental intervention, is also valid for the BRD.” (Dorhöfer, K., a. a. O., S. 11-13). Data tables in HISTAT: A. Federal Republic of Germany A.01 Development of population, housing stock and occupation density, BRD and West-Berlin (1950-1975) A.02 Ratio of housing stock and private households by size (1950-1974) A.03 Housing completions in the Federal Republic of Germany (1950-1975) A.04 Financing of housing construction in the Federal Republic of Germany, in percent (1950-1975) A.05 Building owners of housing in the Federal Republic of Germany, in percent (1950-1975) A.06 Price indices for residential buildings, cost of living, land without buildings and rents (1950-1975) A.07 Average monthly expenditures per four person worker-household with average income (1950-1975) A.08 Total cost of an apartment in social housing and average land prices in DM (1950-1975) A.09 Average living area, number of rooms per apartment, equipped with central heating system and bathroom in the BRD (1952-1975) A.10 Proportion of apartments per number of rooms per apartment in the Federal Republic of Germany (1952-1973) A.11 Construction activity of non-profit housing companies (1951-1975) A.12 Number of non-profit housing companies and number of members of housing cooperatives (1950-1975) A.13 Housing stock of the nonprofit housing companies and monthly rent (1951-1975) B. West- Berlin B.01 Housing completions in West-Berlin (1950-1975) B.02 Financing of public subsidized social housing construction in West-Berlin, in percent (1955-1975) B.03 Building owners of housing in West-Berlin, in percent (1953-1975) B.04 Average living area, equipped with central heating system and bathroom in West-Berlin (1953-1975) B.05 Proportion of apartments per number of rooms by apartments in West Berlin (1953-1975)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1950 / 1975
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    Federal Republic of Germany in the borders of 1945 (before reunification, without Saarland).
Collection Mode
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 25
    Number of Variables: 111
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8476 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Dorhöfer, Kerstin, 1978: Erscheinungen und Determinanten staatlich gelenkter Wohnungsversorgung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zur Planung und Durchführung des Wohnungsbaus für die „breiten Schichten des Volkes“ (Sozialer Wohnungsbau). Berlin: Institut für Stadt- und Regionalplanung der Technischen Universität Berlin.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-29 | Issue Number: 75 | Registration Date: 2011-05-11

Dorhöfer, Kerstin (2011): Staatlich gelenkte Wohnungsversorgung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1950 bis 1975. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.