The Transformation Process in Hungary, Poland, in the Czech and Slovak Republic 1993-1995 (Population Survey)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Haarland, Hans P. (Forschungsstelle für empirische Sozialökonomik e. V., Köln)
  • Niessen, Hans-Joachim (Forschungsstelle für empirische Sozialökonomik e. V., Köln)
  • Franzen, Wolfgang (Forschungsstelle für empirische Sozialökonomik e. V., Köln)
  • Uellner, Wolfgang (Forschungsstelle für empirische Sozialökonomik e. V., Köln)
Publication Date
  • Pentor, Warsaw (Data Collector)
  • Poland (Data Collector)
  • Factum, Prague: Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • Mareco Budapest (Data Collector)
  • Hungary (Data Collector)
  • Pentor, Warschau, Polen Factum, Prag, Tschechische Republik Mareco Budapest, Ungarn (Data Collector)
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Business/industrial management and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Analysis of the transformation of a planned economy to a market oriented economic system. Topics: Present and future economic situation; rise of prices in the next year; ranking of countries according to the development of the reforms; help provided by western Europe; foreign investments; attitudes towards private ownership, support for foreigners, differences of wages, market economy; estimated development of the unemployment; assessment of the financial situation of the household; financial situation compared to the previous year and a year in future; expected unemployment in the next two years; satisfaction with the reform process and speed of reforms; satisfaction with democracy; changes of social security, health care, solidarity within the population, unions, criminality, food supply and job security since the reforms; willingness to sacrifice; strong leadership vs. democracy; peace and order vs. freedom; democracy leads to chaos and anarchy; state control on economy; strong leader; scepticism about market economy; market economy and income disparities; winner and looser of the reforms; profit from the market economy; satisfaction with prices, privatisation, foreign goods and investments; effect of the privatisation of the big state owned factories on one's self and the national economy; role of government and unions; values such as self-actualisation, leisure orientation, enjoyment of life, harmony within family, security, respect law and order, fairness in dealing with others; hard work and ambition, achievement of a high income, self-assertion, political engagement, tolerance; place of resident; income of the household; influence of institutions; support for weak persons; personality typical of market economy; voting preference.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1993 / 1995-07
    Survey periods: Poland: 21 to 28 September 1993; Czech and Slovak Republic: 20 to 27 June 1994; Hungary: 10 to 24 July 1995.
Geographic Coverage
  • Poland (PL)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Hungary (HU)
Sampled Universe
The population 18 years old and older (Hungary), 14 years and older (Czech and Slovak Republic) and 15 years and older (Poland)
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 3507
    Number of Variables: 253
The single data sets of this cumulative data set are archived under the ZA Study Nos.: 3357 (Poland), 3359 (Czech and Slovak Republic) and 3369 (Hungary) and the business surveys are archived under the ZA Study Nos. 3358, 3360 and 3370. A further data set on the transition process in Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary and Russia is archived under the ZA Study No. 3299 (
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3399 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Haarland, H. Peter; Niessen, Hans-Joachim: Der Systemtransformationsprozess in Polen: Ergebnisse einer empirischen Untersuchung des Übergangs zur Sozialen Marktwirtschaft. Bonn: Europa Union Verlag 1994 (Arbeitspapiere zur Internationalen Politik, Bd. 85, Forschungsinstitut der Deutschen Gesellschaft für auswärtige Politik e.V.)
  • Haarland, Hans Peter; Niessen, Hans-Joachim: Der Transformationsprozess in der Tschechischen und Slowakischen Republik. Bonn: Europa Union Verlag 1995 (Schriftenreihe zur Ordnungspolitik, Bd. 1)
  • Haarland, Hans Peter; Niessen, Hans-Joachim: Der Transformationsprozess in Ungarn. Bonn: Europa Union Verlag 1996 (Schriftenreihe zur Ordnungspolitik, Bd. 2)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 34 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22