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Eurobarometer 70.1 (Oct-Nov 2008)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Europäische Kommission
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 70 (Alternative Title)
  • Globalization, European Parliament and Elections, Building Europe, Georgian Conflict, Mobility, European Union Budget, and Public Authorities in the EU (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • Papacostas, Antonis (European Commission, Brussels DG Communication, Public Opinion Analysis Sector) (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany Emor, Tallinn, Estonia TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain TNS Sofres, M (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Migration
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Economic policy
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Questions concerning the European Union. Effects of globalisation. European integration. Construction of Europe, European Parliament and Elections. International conflicts: Georgia. Mobility. EU budget. Representation of the levels of public authorities in the EU. Topics: 1. Frequency of political discussions with friends and own opinion leadership; life satisfaction; assessment of the current economic situation in the own country, in Europe, and in the world, assessment of the personal job situation, the financial situation of the own household, the employment situation, and the situation of the environment in the own country; assessment of the current situation in the own country regarding: residential area, health care, pensions, unemployment benefits, cost of living, relations between migrants, dealing with inequalities and poverty, affordability of energy and housing, as well as the way the public administration runs; future expectations concerning: the own life, the national economic and employment situation, the situation of the environment in the own country, the personal job situation, the economic situation in the EU, and in the world; comparison of economic and employment situation, cost of living, energy prices, quality of life, and environmental situation in the own country with the average of the European countries; most important problems in the own country; most important problems facing the respondent; existing or future membership of the own country in the EU as a good thing; benefits from the country’s membership in the EU; development of the own country and the European Union in the right direction; trust in institutions (justice, political parties, public authorities, national government, national parliament, EU, UN, NATO); assessment of the EU; importance of the EU for the respondent: more stable economy through the EU membership of the country; only in EU 27 countries in the euro area: more stable economy through the affiliation of the country to the euro area; EU 27, Macedonia, Croatia, Turkey, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: attitude towards the following statements: own political efficacy in the EU as well as in the own country, and political efficacy of the own country in the EU, understanding how the EU works, EU imposes its views on the own country, national government is sensitive to concerns of the own citizens, national government cares about the concerns of European citizens; knowledge of the selected bodies of the EU (European Parliament, European Commission, Council of the European Union, European Central Bank); assessment of the importance of these institutions as well as confidence in these institutions; assessment of the current speed of building Europe, and desired speed (card, figures); changes in the purchasing power of the own household in the past five years; financial difficulties at the end of the month; assessment of the prospects for the lives of today’s children compared with the own generation; expected improvement of the prospects for living in the own country; knowledge test about the EU (member states, presidency); only EU 27: preferred level of political decision-making: national government or jointly within the EU regarding selected issues (fighting crime, unemployment and terrorism, taxation, defence and foreign affairs, immigration, educational system, pensions, environment protection, health, social welfare, agriculture and fishery, consumer protection, research, support of structurally weak regions, energy, competition, transports, economy, and combating inflation); again all: attitude towards selected propositions: European monetary union with the euro as the common currency, common foreign and defence policy of the EU member states, EU enlargement, higher speed of building Europe in some countries; preferred issues to be emphasized to strengthen the EU; awareness of the current presidency of France and the future presidency of the Czech Republic in the EU Council. 2. Effects of globalisation: attitudes towards globalisation (good opportunities for national companies versus threat to employment and companies in the own country); attitude towards the statement: EU protects its citizens from the negative effects of globalisation (Split A), or enables European citizens to better benefit from the positive effects of globalisation (Split B); European Union or national government as the most appropriate institution to protect from negative effects of globalisation (Split A), or to better benefit from positive effects (Split B); knowledge of the ´European Globalisation adjustment Fund´ for victims of globalisation. 3. European integration: benefits from the fall of the Iron Curtain between Eastern and Western Europe for the EU, the own country, and the respondent personally; assessment of the EU enlargement from 15 to 27 countries as strengthening or weakening the European Union; assessment of the amount of areas that can be influenced by the EU as appropriate. 4. Building Europe, European Parliament and elections: reception of media information about the European Parliament; assessment of the personal knowledge about the work of the European Parliament; knowledge of the date of the next European elections in the own country; interest in the next European elections; likelihood to vote in the next European elections (scale); most important campaign issues for the next European elections; image of the European Parliament: dynamic, democratic, listening to European citizens, not very well known, inefficient and technocratic, modern, protective, close to the European citizens; own image of the European Parliament; importance of the European Parliament within the EU; preference for a strengthening or weakening of the European Parliament; decisions of the European Parliament are made according to the interests of the member states from which the MEPs come, or according to the political affinities of the MEPs; policies that should have the highest priority in the European Parliament; prioritized values that should be defended by the European Parliament; knowledge of the reason for reports regarding Ireland in the media in the last few months; attitude towards the process of building Europe (scale: EU has grown too fast, what unifies is more important than what divides, lack of ideas and projects, EU is indispensable in the fight against global challenges; attitude towards the speed of building Europe; main objective in building Europe (Split A: perceived and desired objective; Split B: altered response options); preferred elements to strengthen the identification as a European citizen; most important elements in the formation of a European identity; attitude towards the harmonization of social welfare systems, taxation systems, and educational systems within the EU. 5. International conflicts: Georgia: knowledge of the armed conflict between Russia and Georgia; most important institution to end the conflict (United Nations, NATO, EU, USA, or OSCE); expected impact of the conflict on the security of energy supply in the EU. 6. Mobility: moving within and outside the EU in the last decade; to respondents who moved from their native country to another country: reason for moving and length of stay in the foreign country; intention to move within the next five years; intention to move within the same city or region, or beyond; preferred country to move to; planned duration of the stay abroad; preparations for the move to another country; friends or relatives in the country of choice who can help or provide information; encouraging and discouraging aspects to move to another country; expected difficulties when moving to another EU country; frequency of changing the employer; confidence regarding the security of the own job; assessment of the likelihood to find a new job in the next six months after a presumed lay-off (scale); knowledge of the amount of compensation paid by the unemployment insurance on the basis of the current income (percentage); professional education to date is sufficient or need for more specialised training. 7. EU budget: assessment of the personal knowledge about the EU budget; sectors on which most of the budget is spent or should be spent. 8. Representation of the levels of public authorities in the EU: political level (European, national, regional, local) with the most impact on the own life conditions; sufficient consideration of regional and local authorities in policy-making in the EU; political representatives (European, national, regional, or local) that best represent the interests of the respondent regarding Europe, as well as those that best explain how European policies impact everyday life; knowledge of the tasks of the Committee of the Regions of the European Union; interest in information on the role and competences of the Committee of the Regions of the European Union, and on the representatives of the regional authority of the country of origin of the respondent. In France was also asked: importance of the current presidency of France in the EU Council. In the Czech Republic was also asked: Importance of the future presidency of the own country in the EU Council. Demography: nationality; age; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); national provenance of the respondent and his parents (migration background). Also encoded was: date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; interview language; size of locality; region; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2008-10-10 / 2008-11-06
  • 2008-10-06 / 2008-11-02
  • 2008-10-10 / 2008-11-02
  • 2008-10-10 / 2008-11-02
  • 2008-10-09 / 2008-11-06
  • 2008-10-15 / 2008-11-06
  • 2008-10-06 / 2008-10-31
  • 2008-10-06 / 2008-10-31
    Ireland (Republic)
  • 2008-10-08 / 2008-11-24
  • 2008-10-06 / 2008-11-03
  • 2008-10-09 / 2008-11-05
  • 2008-10-06 / 2008-11-05
  • 2008-10-11 / 2008-11-03
  • 2008-10-13 / 2008-11-03
  • 2008-10-07 / 2008-11-02
    Great Britain
  • 2008-10-10 / 2008-10-31
    Northern Ireland
  • 2008-10-08 / 2008-11-02
    Cyprus (Republic)
  • 2008-10-06 / 2008-10-22
    Czech Republic
  • 2008-10-10 / 2008-11-03
  • 2008-10-10 / 2008-11-02
  • 2008-10-10 / 2008-11-04
  • 2008-10-09 / 2008-10-28
  • 2008-10-09 / 2008-11-03
  • 2008-10-11 / 2008-10-31
  • 2008-10-09 / 2008-10-26
  • 2008-10-07 / 2008-11-04
  • 2008-10-09 / 2008-10-20
  • 2008-10-07 / 2008-11-03
  • 2008-10-08 / 2008-11-05
  • 2008-10-08 / 2008-10-29
  • 2008-10-07 / 2008-10-27
    Turkish Cypriot Community
  • 2008-10-07 / 2008-10-16
    Macedonia (FYROM)
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over. In the three candidate countries (Croatia, Turkey and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) and in the Turkish Cypriot Community, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Proportionate Stratified Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 30130
    Number of Variables: 793
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA4819 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR28182.v2 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.10193
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.10123
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.10067
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 307 / wave 70.1. The role and impact of local and regional authorities within the European Union. Opinions on the different levels of public authorities and awareness of the Committee of the Regions. Survey requested by the Committee of Regions and coordinated by Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels: European Commission 2009.
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Standard Eurobarometer 70. Public Opinion in the European Union. Survey requested and coordinated by the Directorate General Press and Communication. Brussels: European Commission December 2008 (first results, data annex, national reports).

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 92 | Registration Date: 2012-08-13

Europäische Kommission (2012): Eurobarometer 70.1 (Oct-Nov 2008). Globalization, European Parliament and Elections, Building Europe, Georgian Conflict, Mobility, European Union Budget, and Public Authorities in the EU. Version: 3.0.2. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.