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India Human Development Survey Panel (IHDS, IHDS-II), 2005, 2011-2012

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Desai, Sonalde
  • Vanneman, Reeve
  • National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi
Other Title
  • IHDS Panel 2005, 2011-2012 (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • India Human Development Survey (IHDS) Series
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
caste; child rearing; education; family planning; family structure; fertility; gender roles; household expenditures; income; marriage; medical care; socioeconomic status; wages and salaries
  • Abstract

    The India Human Development Survey (IHDS) is a nationally representative, multi-topic survey of 42,152 households in 1,503 villages and 971 urban neighborhoods across India. Data were originally collected from households during 2004-2005. Interviewers returned in 2011-2012 to re-interview these same households. During both waves of data collection, two one-hour interviews were conducted covering a large range of topics. The goal of the IHDS program is to document changes in the daily lives of Indian households in a society undergoing rapid transition. This particular data collection merges the two waves of IHDS (known as IHDS and IHDS-II) into a harmonized pattern from the perspective view points of individuals, households, and eligible women. The data are presented in three different data formats: cross-sectional, wide, and long to facilitate a broader range of analysis options. Due to the specificity of geography and inclusion of sensitive / identifying topics there is a public-use and restricted-use rendition for each of the nine data files.
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to harmonize the data from the two waves of data collection to analyze changes over time. The overall goal of IHDS is to document changes in the daily lives of Indian households in an era of rapid transformation.
  • Methods

    The Principal Investigators harmonized the data from the original IHDS (ICPSR 22626) and IHDS-II (ICPSR 36151) for three primary file types - individuals, households, and eligible women. There are also three different possible ways to merge the data. This approach resulted in 9 different files for analysis (3 file types X 3 merge types). These merge types include: Append: The two waves are appended one after the other as if they were two separate cross-sections.; Wide: All IHDS variables have been added to the end of each IHDS-II record with the variable renamed by adding a prefix "x". For example, if the variable in IHDS-II was named CO7X then the variable for the original IHDS data would be XC07X. The "wide" files are easiest to make comparisons of change from one survey to the next.; Long: For those individuals, households, and eligible women who were interviewed in both surveys, these include two records with the same variable names, but the first reporting the data from IHDS, and the second record reporting data from IHDS-II. These "long" files are best for "fixed effect" panel designs. For households that divided between the two surveys, the IHDS household record is repeated for each of the IHDS-II sub-households.; Re-interviewed respondents are only included in the Individuals - Wide Panel and Individuals - Long Panel file types.
  • Methods

    There is significant overlap of the same variables between the three file types. Nearly 100 percent of the variables in the "long" file are also in the "appended" file. The variable names and labels are identical. However, the "appended" file will contain additional variables not present in the "long" file. Likewise, the "wide" file type also contains nearly 100 percent of the same files as in the "appended" file. However, the number of variables are doubled. The variable names and labels are duplicated on these variables with the addition of the letter "X" to begin each variable name as explained above. Individuals - Appended Cross-Sections: 474 variables / 420,311 cases (DS1 and DS2); Individuals - Wide Panel: 836 variables / 150,983 cases (DS3 and DS4); Individuals - Long Panel: 449 variables / 301,971 cases (DS5 and DS6); Some of the major topical sections in the "individuals" file type include questions regarding education, employment, finances, household composition, migration, physical health, and substance use. Households - Appended Cross-Sections: 813 variables / 83,706 cases (DS7 and DS8); Households - Wide Panel: 1,364 variables / 40,018 cases (DS9 and DS10); Households - Long Panel: 579 variables / 80,036 cases (DS11 and DS12); Some of the major topical sections in the "households" file type include questions regarding assets/debts/investments, farming, household operations, household possessions, income, living arrangements, and recreational pursuits. Eligible Women - Appended Cross-Sections: 733 variables / 73,115 cases (DS13 and DS14); Eligible Women - Wide Panel: 1,257 variables / 25,479 cases (DS15 and DS16); Eligible Women - Long Panel: 576 variables / 50,958 cases (DS17 and DS18); Some of the major topical sections in the "eligible women" file type include questions regarding childbirth, early childhood care, decision making responsibilities, household responsibilities, immunizations, marriage, menstrual cycles, pregnancy, sexual activity, and weddings.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: For the initial IHDS the response rates were calculated as 82 percent for the recontact sample, 98 percent for the new sample, and 92 percent for the total response rate. For the follow-up IHDS-II 85 percent of the original households from 2004-2005 were re-interviewed.
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Individuals - Appended Cross-sections (Public-Use)
    • DS2: Individuals - Appended Cross-sections (Restricted-Use)
    • DS3: Individuals - Wide Panel (Public-Use)
    • DS4: Individuals - Wide Panel (Restricted-Use)
    • DS5: Individuals - Long Panel (Public-Use)
    • DS6: Individuals - Long Panel (Restricted-Use)
    • DS7: Households - Appended Cross-sections (Public-Use)
    • DS8: Households - Appended Cross-sections (Restricted-Use)
    • DS9: Households - Wide Panel (Public-Use)
    • DS10: Households - Wide Panel (Restricted-Use)
    • DS11: Households - Long Panel (Public-Use)
    • DS12: Households - Long Panel (Restricted-Use)
    • DS13: Eligible Women - Appended Cross-sections (Public-Use)
    • DS14: Eligible Women - Appended Cross-sections (Restricted-Use)
    • DS15: Eligible Women - Wide Panel (Public-Use)
    • DS16: Eligible Women - Wide Panel (Restricted-Use)
    • DS17: Eligible Women - Long Panel (Public-Use)
    • DS18: Eligible Women - Long Panel (Restricted-Use)
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2004--2005
  • 2004 / 2005
  • Time period: 2011--2012
  • 2011 / 2012
  • Collection date: 2004-11--2005-10
  • 2004-11 / 2005-10
  • Collection date: 2011-01--2013-05
  • 2011-01 / 2013-05
Geographic Coverage
  • India
Sampled Universe
2005 Urban and rural household population of India primarily aged 15 and older. Smallest Geographic Unit: district
The India Human Development Survey (IHDS) was conducted in all states and union territories of India (with the exception of Andaman Nicobar and Lakshadweep). The sample consists 27,010 rural and 13,126 urban households. The sample was drawn using stratified random sampling and contains 13,900 rural households who were interviewed in 1993-94 in a previous survey by the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) and 28,428 new households. Of the 612 districts in India in 2001, 382 are included in IHDS. The sample is spread across 1503 villages and 971 urban blocks.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview
Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (R03HD091315 and R01HD041455).
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37382 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37382.v1

Update Metadata: 2019-11-19 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-11-19

Desai, Sonalde; Vanneman, Reeve; National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi (2019): India Human Development Survey Panel (IHDS, IHDS-II), 2005, 2011-2012. Archival Version. India Human Development Survey (IHDS) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.