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Post-Election Study on the Federal Parliament Election 1994

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Berger, Manfred (Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim)
  • Jung, Matthias (Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim)
  • Roth, Dieter (Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim)
  • Gibowski, Wolfgang G. (Bundespresseamt, Bonn)
  • Kaase, Max (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
  • Küchler, Manfred (Hunter College New York)
  • Pappi, Franz U. (Universität Mannheim)
  • Semetko, Holli A. (Syracuse University)
  • ZUMA, Mannheim
Publication Date
  • GFM-GETAS, Hamburg (Data Collector)
  • GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften (Data Curator)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass media
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Judgement on parties and politicians as well as information on use of sources of information about parties and politicians. Political questions. Questions on the relationship of the Eastern Germans and Western Germans with each other. Political participation. Topics: Judgement on the current economic situation in Western Germany as well as in Eastern Germany and expected further development for the next year; interest in politics; election participation at the last Federal Parliament election; party preference (first vote, second vote and Sunday question); time of personal voting decision; sympathy scale for the SPD, CDU/CSU, FDP, Alliance 90/The Greens, Republicans, PDS as well as for selected top politicians of the parties; issue relevance and issue ability of the parties regarding economic questions, the fight against unemployment as well as crime, housing supply, environmental protection, a suitable role for Germany in world politics and regulation of the influx of foreigners; attitude to nuclear energy, stimulation of the economy, participation of Federal German Armed Forces in military missions of the UN or NATO, influx of foreigners, residence supply and suitable participation by Germany in world politics; attitude to integration of foreigners and policies towards foreigners (scale); reading tabloids and daily newspapers; extent of use of newspapers; watching television news, organized according to broadcasters; daily newspaper or television as most important source of information about the political position of parties and top candidates; parties whose information material and brochures as well as election advertising was seen on television and in whose election meetings or election events one participated; frequency of political conversations with friends and in one´s family; taking notice of election predictions before the Federal Parliament election and influence of these predictions on one´s own voting decision; self-classification on a left-right continuum; postmaterialism; satisfaction with democracy (scale); judgement on the political system; satisfaction with the achievements of the Federal Government; desired setting of priorities by the government in environmental protection, criminal prosecution, defense, pensions, art and culture; attitude to socialism as an idea; attitude to obedience and discipline as well as law and order; state and public good; anomy, future prospects and political effectiveness of the individual (scales); attitude to the relationship of the Western Germans to the Eastern Germans in the situation after unification (scale); personal participation in selected forms of political participation; national pride and pride in the achievements of the GDR; achievements of which one can be proud as a German; judgement on the general as well as personal economic situation and expected further development; living together with a partner; self-classification of social class; religiousness and strength of religious ties; frequency of prayer; behavior at the polls in the Federal Parliament election before the last; party inclination and party identification; duration of party inclination; union member in household; personal party membership; possession of a telephone; possession of telephone answering device; entry of telephone in telephone book; earlier participation in a personal interview or telephone interview or mail survey or tests; general attitude to survey research; willingness to participate in follow-up surveys. Also encoded was: date of interview; city size; age of interviewer.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994-10 / 1994-11
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Persons of German citizenship 18 years old
Probability: Multistage; Probability: Stratified; Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample)
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2046
    Number of Variables: 211
1000 surveys were conducted in the western part of the country, 1046 in the eastern part. The investigation is part of an omnibus survey. The study is part of the so-called election study 1994. It consists of a pre-election investigation (ZA Study No. 2599), the Politbarometer West (ZA Study No. 2546), the Politbarometer East (ZA Study No. 2559) and a pre-election study (ZA Study No. 2600).
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2601 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • WAHLEN (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.2601

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 231 | Registration Date: 2012-09-25

Berger, Manfred; Jung, Matthias; Roth, Dieter; Gibowski, Wolfgang G.; Kaase, Max et. al. (2012): Nachwahlstudie zur Bundestagswahl 1994. Version: 2.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.