Social Ties and the Selection of China's Political Elite

Resource Type
Dataset : observational data
  • Fisman, Raymond (Boston University)
  • Wang, Yonxiang (University of Southern California)
  • Shi, Jing (Macquarie University)
  • Wu, Weixing (University of International Business and Economics)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
    • Award Number: 1729784
Free Keywords
Social Ties; Political connections; China; Politburo; Political selection
  • Abstract

    We study how sharing a hometown or college connection with an incumbent member of China's Politburo affects a candidate's likelihood of selection as a new member. In specifications that include fixed effects to absorb quality differences across cities and colleges, we find that hometown and college connections are each associated with 5-9 percentage point reductions in selection probability. This "connections penalty"
    is equally strong for retiring Politburo members, arguing against quota-based explanations, and it is much stronger for junior Politburo members, consistent with a role for intra-factional competition. Our findings differ from earlier work because of our emphasis on within-group variation, and our focus on shared hometown and college -- rather than shared workplace -- connections.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1950-01-01 / 2017-12-31
    Time Period: Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1950--Sun Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2017 (1950s-present)
Geographic Coverage
  • China
Sampled Universe
Politicians in the China's Central Committee.
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/E115794V2
  • Fisman, Raymond, Jing Shi, Yongxiang Wang, and Wu Weixing. “Social Ties and the Selection of China’s Political Elite.” American Economic Review, n.d.

Update Metadata: 2020-05-18 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2019-11-26