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Effectiveness of Inclusive STEM High Schools

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, survey data
  • Means, Barbara (Digital Promise)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
    • Award Number: DRL1817513
  • National Science Foundation
    • Award Number: DRL 1316920
Free Keywords
[high school; , STEM; , postsecondary; , equity; , equity; , equity; , equity; , equity; , equity; , equity; , equity; ]
  • Abstract

    Inclusive STEM high schools have been heavily promoted in a number of states as a strategy for broadening participation in STEM studies and careers. This study addressed the question of whether these high schools improve the odds that their graduates will pursue a STEM major in college. State higher education records were obtained for students surveyed as seniors in 23 inclusive STEM high schools and 19 comparison schools without a STEM focus. Propensity score weighting was used to ensure that students in the comparison school sample were very similar to those in the inclusive STEM school sample in terms of demographic characteristics and grade 8 achievement. Students overall and from underrepresented groups who had attended inclusive STEM high schools were significantly more likely to be in a STEM bachelor’s degree program two years after high school graduation. For students who entered two-year colleges, on the other hand, attending an inclusive STEM high school was not associated with entry into STEM majors.
  • Weighting

    Two sets of propensity score weights were applied to create comparison school samples as similar as possible to the ISHS student sample in terms of eight demographic variables (including gender, ethnicity, English proficiency, parents’ education, and parent employment in STEm) and five achievement variables (mainly Grade 8 achievement test scores). The first set of propensity score weights was applied to the 1,997 comparison school students in the Grade 12 Student Survey Sample. Using the same procedures, a second set of propensity score weights was developed for the 1,313 comparison school students with records in the Texas higher education data system (i.e., the College-going Sample). The objective of this two-step process was to make sure that among those students with higher education records the demographics and Grade 8 achievement levels of the comparison group were well- matched with those of the ISHS students, despite possible variations attributable to different college-going rates. When the analysis moved to student subgroups (Hispanic, female, economically disadvantaged), we followed the same proce- dure to compute propensity score weights to create equiva- lent ISHS and comparison school samples.
  • Technical Information

    Response Rates: 68% for Grade 12 Survey administered in inclusive STEM high schools and 63% for the survey administered in comparison high schools serving similar students.
  • Technical Information

    Presence of Common Scales: Several Likert types scales were used. See full description of the survey scales in Means, B., Wang, H., Wei, X., Lynch, S., Peters, V., Young, V., & Allen, C. (2017). Expanding STEM opportunities through inclusive STEM-focused high schools. Science Education, 101(5), 681-715. doi:10.1002/sce21281
Temporal Coverage
  • 2010-08-01 / 2016-06-30
    Time Period: Sun Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2010--Thu Jun 30 00:00:00 EDT 2016 ( )
  • 2014-03-01 / 2014-06-30
    Collection Date(s): Sat Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2014--Mon Jun 30 00:00:00 EDT 2014 (Spring 2014 Grade 12 Survey)
  • 2014-07-01 / 2017-07-31
    Collection Date(s): Tue Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014--Mon Jul 31 00:00:00 EDT 2017 (Extraction of K-12 and higher education data records at Education Research Center)
Geographic Coverage
  • Texas
Sampled Universe
Texas public high school graduating 12th graders in the Class of 2014Smallest Geographic Unit: State
Sample of 27 inclusive STEM high schools recruited from the 42 T-STEM high schools with a senior class that were located in districts accepting applications to conduct research. Comparison samples of 9 non-STEM small schools of choice and 10 regular non-STEM high schools agreeing to participate and administering the Grade 12 survey.
See  " Broadening participation in STEM college majors:  Effects of attending a STEM-focused high school.”  Means, B., Wang, H., Wei, X., Iwatani, E., & Peters, V. (2018). AERA Open, 4(4), 1-17, for a fuller description of school sampling and recruiting.
Collection Mode
  • record abstracts~~web-based survey~~

  • Cites
    DOI: 10.1177/2332858418806305 (Text)
  • Cites
    DOI: 10.1002/sce21281 (Text)
  • Means, Barbara, Haiwen Wang, Xin Wei, Emi Iwatani, and Vanessa Peters. “Broadening Participation in STEM College Majors: Effects of Attending a STEM-Focused High School.” AERA Open 4, no. 4 (October 2018): 233285841880630.
    • ID: 10.1177/2332858418806305 (DOI)
  • Means, Barbara, Haiwen Wang, Xin Wei, Sharon Lynch, Vanessa Peters, Viki Young, and Carrie Allen. “Expanding STEM Opportunities through Inclusive STEM-Focused High Schools.” Science Education 101, no. 5 (n.d.): 677–80.
    • ID: 10.1002/sce21281 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2019-11-29 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2019-11-29

Means, Barbara (2019): Effectiveness of Inclusive STEM High Schools. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.